Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31917
Process Oriented Architecture for Emergency Scenarios in the Czech Republic

Authors: Tomáš Ludík, Josef Navrátil, Alena Langerová


Tackling emergency situations is performed based on emergency scenarios. These scenarios do not have a uniform form in the Czech Republic. They are unstructured and developed primarily in the text form. This does not allow solving emergency situations efficiently. For this reason, the paper aims at defining a Process Oriented Architecture to support and thus to improve tackling emergency situations in the Czech Republic. The innovative Process Oriented Architecture is based on the Workflow Reference Model while taking into account the options of Business Process Management Suites for the implementation of process oriented emergency scenarios. To verify the proposed architecture the Proof of Concept has been used which covers the reception of an emergency event at the district emergency operations centre. Within the particular implementation of the proposed architecture the Bonita Open Solution has been used. The architecture created in this way is suitable not only for emergency management, but also for educational purposes.

Keywords: Business Process Management Suite, Czech Republic, Emergency Scenarios, Process Execution, Process Oriented Architecture.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1517


[1] L. Bass, P. Clements, R. Kazman, Software Architecture in Practice. Second Edition. Boston: Addison-Wesley, 2003. pp. 21-24. ISBN 0321154959.
[2] BonitaSoft, Bonita Open Solution - User & Reference Guide. Version 5.5 Rev 1, BonitaSoft, 2011.
[3] P. Clements, F. Bachmann, L. Bass, et al., Documenting Software Architectures: Views and Beyond. Second Edition. Boston: Addison- Wesley, 2010. ISBN 0321552687.
[4] M. Fasbinder, BPEL or ESB: Which should you use?, WebSphere - Technical library, IBM Corporation, 2008.
[5] J. Fiala, J. Ministr, Průvodce analÛzou modelováním procesů (Process Modelling Analysis Guide). Ostrava: VŠB -Technical University, 2003. ISBN 8024805006. (in Czech).
[6] C. Hofmeister, R. L. Nord, D. Soni, Describing Software Architecture with UML. In Proceedings of the First Working IFIP Conference on Software Architecture, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1999.
[7] D. Hollingsworth, The Workflow Reference Model. Document Number TC00-1003. Workflow Management Coalition. 1995.
[8] D. Hollingsworth, The Workflow Reference Model: 10 Years On. In The Workflow Handbook 2004, 2004.
[9] IBM Corporation, IBM Business Process Manager. Thought Leadership White Paper, New York: IBM Corporation, 2011.
[10] M. Ingmarsson, H. Eriksson, N. Hallberg, Exploring Development of Service-Oriented C2 Systems for Emergency Response. In Proceedings of the 6th International ISCRAM Conference, Gothenburg, Sweden, 2009.
[11] M. Klopfer, I. Kanellopoulos, Orchestra, an open service architecture for risk management. The ORCHESTRA Consorcium. 2008. ISBN 9783000242847.
[12] J. Kozel, Kontextová mapová sluŝba (Contextual Map Service). Dissertation thesis, Brno: Masaryk University, 2009. (in Czech).
[13] P. Kubíček, T. Ludík, E. Muličková, et al., Process Support and Adaptive Geovisualisation in Emergency Management. In Geographic Information and Cartography for Risk and Crisis Management - Towards Better Solutions. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, 2010. ISBN 9783642034411.
[14] M. Leoni, F. Rosa, M. Mecella, MOBIDIS: A Pervasive Architecture for Emergency Management. In Proceedings of the 15th IEEE International Workshops on Enabling Technologies: Infrastructure for Collaborative Enterprises. Manchester, United Kingdom: IEEE Computer Society, 2006. ISBN 0769526233.
[15] T. Ludík, J. Ráček, Process Framework for Emergency Management - Solving of Emergency Situations by Way of Business Processes. In Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Software and Database Technologies. Portugal: SciTePress, 2011. ISBN 9789898425775.
[16] T. Ludík, J. Ráček, Process Methodology for Emergency Management. In IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011. ISSN 1868-4238.
[17] H. Mak, A. Mallard, T. Bui, et al., Building online crisis management support using workflow systems. In Decision Support Systems 25, Elsevier, 1999.
[18] M. Mayer, Informa─ìn├¡ podpora proces┼» krizov├®ho ┼Ö├¡zen├¡ (Information Support of Emergency Management Processes). Diploma thesis. Brno: Masaryk University, 2010. (in Czech).
[19] Oracle, Business Process Management, Service-Oriented Architecture, and Web 2.0: Business Transformation or Train Wreck? An Oracle White Paper, Oracle, 2008.
[20] V. Pavanasam, C. Subramaniam, M. Mulchandani, et al., Knowledge Based Requirement Engineering Framework for Emergency Management System. In Second International Conference on Computer Engineering and Applications, Bali Island, 2010. ISBN 9781424460793.
[21] U. R├╝ppel, A. Wagenknecht, Improving emergency management by formal dynamic process-modelling. In 24th Conference on Information Technology in Construction, 2007.
[22] Ch. Sell, I. Braun, Using a Workflow Management System to Manage Emergency Plans. In Proceedings of the 6th International ISCRAM Conference. Gothenburg, Sweden. 2009. ISBN 9789163347153.
[23] B. Silver, A First Look at Oracle BPM Suite 11g. Bruce Silver Associates, Industry Trend Reports, 2010.
[24] J. Sinur, J. B. Hill, Magic Quadrant for Business Process Management Suites. Gartner RAS Core Research Note G00205212, Gartner, 2010.
[25] The jBPM team, jBPM User Guide. Version 5.1.0, Community Documentation,, 2011.
[26] A. Weiser, A. Zipf, Web Service Orchestration of OGC Web Services for Disaster Management. In Geomatics Solutions for Disaster Management, Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography, 2007. ISBN 9783540721062.
[27] M. Weske, Business Process Management, Concepts, Languages, Architectures. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag. 2007. ISBN 9783540735212.