Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 31442
Electromyographic Activity of the Medial Gastrocnemius and Lateral Gastrocnemius Muscle during Salat-s and Specific Exercise
Abstract:This paper investigates the activity of the gastrocnemius (Gas) muscle in healthy subjects during salat (ruku- position) and specific exercise [Unilateral Plantar Flexion Exercise (UPFE)] using electromyography (EMG). Both lateral and medial Gas muscles were assessed. A group of undergraduates aged between 19 to 25 years voluntarily participated in this study. The myoelectric activity of the muscles were recorded and analyzed. The finding indicated that there were contractions of the muscles during the salat and exercise with almost same EMG-s level. From the result, Wilcoxon-s Rank Sum test showed no significant difference between ruku- and UPFE for both medial (p=0.082) and lateral (p=0.226) of GAS muscles. Therefore, salat may be useful in strengthening exercise and also in rehabilitation programs for lower limb activities.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1057783Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1861
 J. Hamill and K. M. Knutzen, K. M., "Biomechanical Basis of Human Movement." 3rd ed. Philadelphia. PA: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2009, pp. 81-90.
 J. H. Susan, "Basic Biomechanics." 5th ed. London: McGraw-Hill Education, 2007, pp. 66-81.
 M. F. Reza, Y. Urakami, Y. Mano, "Evaluation of a New Physical Exercise Taken From Salat (prayer) as a Short-Duration and Frequent Physical Activity in the Rehabilitation of Geriatric and Disabled Patients. "Annals of Saudi Medicine, pp. 22, 3-4. 2002.
 D.G. Sale, "Neural adaptation to resistance training." Medicine and science in sport and exercise, vol. 20, pp. S135-S145, 1988.
 P. Aagaard, "Training induced change in neural function." Exercise and Sport Science Review, vol. 31, pp. 61-67. 2003.
 S. Israel, S. "Age -related changes in strength and special groups. In P. Komi (Ed.). Strength and Power in Sport." Boston: Blackwell Scientific, 1992, pp. 319-328.
 P. C. LaStayo, J. M. Woolf, M. D. Lewek et al., "Eccentric muscle contractions: Their contribution to injury, prevention, rehabilitation and sport." Journal of Orthopaedic & Sport Physical Theraphy, vol. 33, pp. 557-571, 2003.
 SENIAM (2007). Surface Electromyography for the Non-Invasive Assessment of Muscles. Available online at http:www.seniam.org (Accessed 20 January 2010)
 R. P. Wells, "Mechanical energy costs of human movement: an approach to evaluating the transfer possibilities of two-joint muscles." Journal of biomechanics, vol. 21, pp. 955-964, 1988.
 J. A. Halbert, C. A. Silagy, P. Finucane, R. T. Withers, P. A. Hamdorf, G. R. Andrews, " The effectiveness of exercise training in lowering blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials of 4 weeks or longer." J. Human Hypertension, vol. 11, pp. 641-649, 1997.
 A. Korkmaz, ├ûter , "The Role Of Exerc─▒se and Diet in Hypertension Treatment Turkiye Klinikleri." J. Med. Sci, vol. 18, pp. 213- 219, 1998.
 M. Hamer and E. Stamatakis, "Physical activity and mortality in men and women with diagnosed cardiovascular disease." Eur. J. Cardiovasc Prev. Rehabil, vol. 16, pp. 156-160. 2009.
 J. P. Barlet, v. Coxam and M. J. Davicco, "Physical exercise and the skeleton." Arch Physiol Biochem, vol. 103, pp. 681-686, 1995.
 J. Perry, C. S. Easterday and D. J. Antonelli, "Surface Versus Interamuscular Electrodes for Electromyography of Superficial and Deep Muscles. " Physical Therapy, vol 61, pp.7-15, 1981.