Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 31097
Early Supplier Involvement in New Product Development: A Casting-Network Collaboration Model
Abstract:Early supplier involvement (ESI) benefits new product development projects several ways. Nevertheless, many castuser companies do not know the advantages of ESI and therefore do not utilize it. This paper presents reasons why to utilize ESI in casting industry and how that can be done. Further, this paper presents advantages and challenges related to ESI in casting industry, and introduces a Casting-Network Collaboration Model. The model presents practices for companies to build advantageous collaborative relationships. More detailed, the model describes three levels for company-network relationships in casting industry with different degrees of collaboration, and requirements for operating in each level. In our research, ESI was found to influence, for example, on project time, component cost, and quality. In addition, challenges related to ESI, such as, a lack of mutual trust and unawareness about the advantages were found. Our research approach was a case study including four cases.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1057777Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 8154
 R.N. Ashkenas, D. Ulrich, T. Jick, S. Kerr, The Boundaryless Organization: Breaking the Chains of Organizational Structure, Jossey- Bass Inc, San Francisco, 1995.
 J. Campbell, Ten casting rules, In: B. Cantor, K. O-Reilly, (Eds.), Solidification and Casting, Institute of Physics, Series in materials science and engineering, CRC Press, 2003, pp. 87-105.
 CMMI Product Team, CMMI for development: Improving processes for better products, V1.2, Carnegie Mellon, Software Engineering Institute, (August 2006), Pittsburgh, 2006.
 J. Cullen, A.J. Berry, W. Seal, A. Dunlop, M. Ahmed, J. Marson, Interfirm supply chains: The contribution of management accounting, Management Accounting, vol. 77, no. 6, pp. 30-32, 1999.
 S. Dowlatshahi, Purchasing-s role in a concurrent engineering environment, International Journal of Purchasing and Materials Management, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 21-25, 1992.
 S. Dowlatshahi, The role of product design in designer-buyer-supplier interface, Production Planning & Control, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 522-532, 1997.
 K.M. Eisenhardt, Building theories from case study research, The Academy of Management Review, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 532-550, 1989.
 L.M. Ellram, Partnering pitfalls and success factors, International Journal of Purchasing and Materials Management, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 35- 44, 1995.
 C. Farrukh, P. Fraser, M. Gregory, Development of a structured approach to assessing practice in product development collaborations, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B, Journal of Engineering Manufacture, vol. 217, no. 8, pp. 1131-1144, 2003.
 P. Fraser, C. Farrukh, M. Gregory, Managing product development collaborations: A process maturity approach, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B, Journal of Engineering Manufacture, vol. 217, no. 11, pp. 1499-1519, 2003.
 C.J. Gelderman, A.J. van Weele, Handling measurement issues and strategic directions in Kraljic-s purchasing portfolio model, Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management, vol. 9, pp. 207-216, 2003.
 I. Giannoccaro, P. Pontrandolfo, Supply chain coordination by revenue sharing contracts, International Journal of Production Economics, vol. 89, no. 2, pp. 131-139, 2004.
 R. Graaf, L. Kornelius, Inter-organizational concurrent engineering: A case study in PCB manufacturing. Computers in Industry, vol. 30, pp. 37-47, 1996.
 J. Hattel, Fundamentals of numerical modelling of casting processes, Polyteknisk Forlag, Kgs. Lyngby Denmark, 2005.
 P. Humphreys, W.K. Shiub, V.H.Y. Lo, Buyer-supplier relationship: Perspectives between Hong Kong and the United Kingdom, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 138, pp. 236-242, 2003..
 T.E. Johnsen, Supplier involvement in new product development and innovation: Taking stock and looking to the future, Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management (2009), doi:10.1016/j.pursup.2009.03.008, 2009.
 R.R. Kamath, J.K. Liker, A second look at Japanese product development, Harvard Business Review, vol. 72, no. 6, pp. 154-170, 1994.
 P. Kraljic, Purchasing must become supply management, Harvard Business Review, vol. 61, pp. 109-117, 1983.
 H.I. Kulmala, J. Paranko, E. Uusi-Rauva, The role of cost management in network relationships, International Journal of Production Economics, vol. 79, no. 1, pp. 33-43, 2002.
 K. Mitzuno, Castings in the automotive industry, In: B. Cantor, K. O-Reilly, (Eds.), Solidification and Casting, Institute of Physics, Series in materials science and engineering, CRC Press, 2003, pp. 59-68.
 R.M. Monczka, R.B. Handfield, T.V. Scannel, G.L. Ragatz, D.J. Frayer, New Product Development: Strategies for Supplier Integration, ASQ Quality Press, Milwaukee, 2000.
 M. Peter, Early Supplier Involvement in Product Development, Dissertation, St. Gallen, der Universit├ñt St. Gallen, 1996.
 K.J. Petersen, R.B. Handfield, G.L. Ragatz, Supplier integration into new product development: Coordinating product, process, and supply chain design, Journal of Operations Management vol. 23, pp. 371-388, 2005.
 T. Saarelainen, O. Piha, P. Makkonen, E. Coatanéa, J. Orkas, Current and future practices in Finnish foundry industry - questionnaire study, In: The Proceeding of 47th Foundry Conference, Portoroz, Slovenia, September 12-14, 2007, Slovenian Foundrymen Society, 2007.
 S. Stjenström, L. Bengtsson, Supplier perspective on business relationships: Experiences from six small suppliers, Journal of Purchasing & Supply Management, vol. 10, pp. 137-146, 2004.
 E.J. Vinarcik, High Integrity Die Casting Processes, John Wiley & Sons, New Jersey, 2003.
 L. Wen-li, P. Humphreys, L.Y. Chanc, M. Kumaraswamy, Predicting purchasing performance: The role of supplier development programs, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 138, pp. 243-249, 2003.
 F. Wynstra, E. ten Pierick, Managing supplier involvement in new product development: A portfolio approach, European Journal of Purchasing & Supply Management, vol. 6, pp. 49-57, 2000.
 F. Wynstra, B. Axelsson, A. van Weele, Driving and enabling factors for purchasing involvement in product development, European Journal of Purchasing & Supply Management, vol. 6, pp. 129-141, 2000.
 R.K. Yin, Case Study Research: Design and Methods, Second ed., Sage Publications, Newbury Park, CA, 1994.