Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30172
Effect of Scene Changing on Image Sequences Compression Using Zero Tree Coding
Abstract:We study in this paper the effect of the scene changing on image sequences coding system using Embedded Zerotree Wavelet (EZW). The scene changing considered here is the full motion which may occurs. A special image sequence is generated where the scene changing occurs randomly. Two scenarios are considered: In the first scenario, the system must provide the reconstruction quality as best as possible by the management of the bit rate (BR) while the scene changing occurs. In the second scenario, the system must keep the bit rate as constant as possible by the management of the reconstruction quality. The first scenario may be motivated by the availability of a large band pass transmission channel where an increase of the bit rate may be possible to keep the reconstruction quality up to a given threshold. The second scenario may be concerned by the narrow band pass transmission channel where an increase of the bit rate is not possible. In this last case, applications for which the reconstruction quality is not a constraint may be considered. The simulations are performed with five scales wavelet decomposition using the 9/7-tap filter bank biorthogonal wavelet. The entropy coding is performed using a specific defined binary code book and EZW algorithm. Experimental results are presented and compared to LEAD H263 EVAL. It is shown that if the reconstruction quality is the constraint, the system increases the bit rate to obtain the required quality. In the case where the bit rate must be constant, the system is unable to provide the required quality if the scene change occurs; however, the system is able to improve the quality while the scene changing disappears.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1057669Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1063
 ITU-T. -Recommandation H263: video coding for low bit rate communication, version 1, Nov.1995, version 2, (H.263+), Jan.1998, version 3, (H.263++), Nov. 2000.
 Special Issue on the H.264/AVC Video Coding Standard, IEEE Trans. Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, vol.13, no.7, Jul.2003.
 T.Sikora, "Trends and Perspectives on Image and Video Coding", Invited paper, Jan.2005.
 J.M. Shapiro,"Embedded image coding using Zerotree of wavelet coefficients", IEEE Trans. on Signal Processing, vol.41, no.12, pp.3445- 3462, Dec.1993.
 S.Mallat, "A theory for multi-resolution signal decomposition: the wavelet representation", IEEE Trans. on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol.11, pp.674-693, Jul. 1989.
 Y.Chen, and W.A.Pearlman, "Three-dimensional subband coding of video using zerotree method", Proc. SPIE, Visual Communications and Image Processing, pp.1302-1309, Orlando, Mar.1996.
 J.Luo, X.Wang, C.W.Chen and K.J.Parker, "Volumetric medical image compression with three-dimensional wavelet transform and octave zerotree coding", Proc. SPIE, Visual Communications and Image Processing-96, pp..579-590, Orlando, Mar.1996.
 A. Said, and W.A.Pearlman, "A new fast and efficient image codec based on set partitioning in hierarchical trees", IEEE Trans. on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, vol.6, no.3, pp.243-250, Jun. 1996.
 S.A.Martucci, I.Sodagar, T.H.Chiang, and Y.O.Zhang, "A Zerotree wavelet coder", IEEE Trans. on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, vol.7, no.1, pp.109-118, Feb.1997.
 J.LI, P.Cheng, and C.Kuo, "On the improvement of embedded Zerotree wavelet coding", Proc. SPIE, Visual Communications and Image Processing, pp.1490-1501, Orlando, Apr.1995.
 S.Joo, H.Kikuchi, S.Sasaki, and J.Shim, "Flexible Zerotree coding of Wavelet coefficients", IEICE Trans. Fundamentals, vol.E82-A, no.4, Apr. 1999.
 Beong-Jo Kim, and W.A.Pearlman, "An embedded vodeo coder using three-dimensional set portioning in hierarchical trees", Proc. DCC-97, IEEE Data Compression Conference, pp.251-260, Snowbird, UT, Mar.1977.
 M.Jér├┤me, and N.Ellouze, "Optimal Image Coding based on Probability Distribution of Embedded Zerotree Wavelet Symbols", Proc. Tunisian- German Conference on Smart Systems and Devices, pp.666-671, Hammamet, Tunisia, Mar.27-30 2001.
 M.Jér├┤me, and N.Ellouze, "Very Low Bit Rate Coding of Image Sequence using Embedded Zerotree Wavelet and Symbols Probability Distributions", Proc. IEEE International Conference on Information, Communications and Signal Processing, Singapore Oct.15-18 , 2001.
 M.Jér├┤me, and N.Ellouze, "Embedded Zerotree Wavelet Coding of Image Sequence", Proc. International Conference on Wavelet Analysis and Its Applications, Springer Publisher, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol.2251, ISBN 3-540-43034-2, pp.65-75, Hong Kong, Dec.18- 20, 2001.
 M.Jér├┤me, "Compression d-Images par Ondelettes", PhD Thesis, Ecole Nationale d-Ingénieurs de Tunis, Jul. 2002.
 M.Jér├┤me, and N.Ellouze, "Wavelet Coefficients Quantization by Embedded Zerotree Wavelet Algorithm", Proc. International Conference IEEE-SMC, ACIDCA-2000, pp.1-5, Mar.22-24, Monastir, Tunisia, 2000.
 M.Antoni, M.Baraud, P.Mathieu, and I.Daubechies, "Image Coding using wavelet transform", IEEE Trans. on Image Processing, vol.11, no.2, pp.205-220, Apr.1992.
 C.Christopoulos, A.Skodras, and T.Ebrahimi, "The JPEG-2000 Still Image Coding System: An overview", IEEE Trans. on Consumers Electronics, vol.46, no.4, pp.1103-1127, Nov. 2000
 M.D.Adams, "The JPEG-2000 Still Image Compression Standard", Review of JPEG Work Group document WG1N1734, Jun 30, 2001.
 D.Lee, "JPEG2000: Retrospective and New Developments", Proc. IEEE, vol.93, no.1, pp.32-41, Jan.2005.
 M.Vitterli, B.Belzer, and J.Liao, "Wavelet and subband coding", Prentice Hall, 1995.
 J.D.Villasenor, B.Belzer and J.Liao, "Wavelet Filter Evaluation for Image Compression", IEEE Trans. on Image Processing, vol.4, no.8, Aug.1995.
 E.Asbun, P.Salama, and E.J.Delp, "A Rate-Distorsion Approach to Wavelet-Based Encoding of Predicyive Error Frames", Proc. International Conference on Image Procesing, Vancouver, British Columbia, Sept.10-13, 2000.
 M.Saenz, R.Oktem, K.Egiazarian, and E.J.Delp, "Color Image Wavelet Compression Using Vector Morphology", Proc. of the European Signal Processing Conference, Tampere, Finland, Sept.5-8, 2000.
 Y.Wang, S.Cui and J.E Fowler, "3D Video Coding Using Redundant Wavelet Multihypothesis and Motion Compensation Temporal Filtering", Proc. International Conference on Image Processing, vol.2, pp.755-758, Barcelona, Spain, Sept. 2003.
 S.Cui, Y.Wang and J.E.Fowler, "Multihypothesis Motion Compensation in the Redundant Wavelet Domain", Proc. International Conference of Image Processing, pp.53-56, Barcelona, Spain, Sept. 2003.
 S.Cui, Y.Wang, and J.E.Fowler, "Mesh-Based Motion Estimation and Compensation in the Wavelet Domain Using Redundant Wavelet Transform", Proc. International Conference of Image Processing, pp.693-696, Rochester, NY, Sept.2002.
 M.Jér├┤me, and N.Ellouze, "Optimal Image Compression Based on Sign and Magnitude Coding of Wavelet Coefficients", International Journal of Signal Processing, vol.3, no.4, pp.243-251, 2006, ISSN 1304-4478.