Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30172
Application of Biogas Technology in Turkey
Abstract:The potential, opportunities and drawbacks of biogas technology use in Turkey are evaluated in this paper. Turkey is dependent on foreign sources of energy. Therefore, use of biogas technology would provide a safe way of waste disposal and recovery of renewable energy, particularly from a sustainable domestic source, which is less unlikely to be influenced by international price or political fluctuations. Use of biogas technology would especially meet the cooking, heating and electricity demand in rural areas and protect the environment, additionally creating new job opportunities and improving social-economical conditions.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1057587Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2931
 Ward, A.J., Hobbs, P.J., Holliman, P.J., and Jones, D.L. 2008. Optimization of the anaerobic digestion of agricultural resources. Bioresource Technology 99:7928-7940.
 Walla, C., and Schneeberger, W. 2008. The optimal size for biogas plants. Biomass Bioenergy 32:551-557.
 Gerin, P.A., Vliegen, F., and Jossart, J.M. 2008. Energy and CO2 balance of maize and grass as energy crops for anaerobic digestion. Bioresource Technology 99:2620-2627.
 Raven, R.P.J.M., and Gregersen, K.H. 2007. Biogas plants in Denmark: successes and setbacks. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 11:116-132.
 Mwakaje, A.G. 2008. Dairy farming and biogas use in Rugnwe district, Southwest Tanzania: A study of opportunities and constraints. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 12:2240-2252.
 Weiland, P. 2000. Anaerobic waste digestion in Germany-Status and recent developments. Biodegradation 11:415-421.
 Murphy, J.D., and McCarthy, K. 2005. The optimal production of biogas for use as a transport fuel in Ireland. Renewable Energy 30:2111-2127.
 Mirza, U.K., Ahmad, N., and Majeed, T. 2008. An overview of biomass utilization in Pakistan. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 1988-1996.
 Xiaohua, W., Chonglan, D., Xiaoyan, H., Weiming, W, Xiaoping, J., and Shangyun, J. 2007. The influence of biogas digesters on family energy consumption and its economic benefit in rural areascomparative study between Lianshui and Guichi in China. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 11:1018-1024.
 Ozturk, H.H., and Bascetincelik, A. 2006. Energy exploitation of agricultural biomass potential in Turkey. Energy Exploration & Exploitation 24(4-5):313-330.
 SPO (State Planning Organization). 2008. Ninth Development Plant (2007-2013). 2008 Annual Programme, Ankara, Turkey (in Turkish).
 Kaygusuz, K. 2009. Energy and environmental issues relating to greenhouse emissions for sustainable development in Turkey. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 13:253-270.
 MARS (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Services). Available from
 Tasdemiroglu, E. 1988. Review of the biogas technology in Turkey. Biomass 17:137-148.
 Tasdemiroglu, E. 1991. Economics of biogas space heating systems in rural Turkey. Bioresource Technology 36:147-155.
 Isci, A., and Demirer, G.N. 2007. Biogas production potential from cotton wastes. Renewable Energy 32:750-757.
 Demirbas, A. 2006. Biogas production from the organic fraction of municipal solid waste. Energy Sources Part A: Recovery, Utilization and Environmental Effects 28(12):1127-1134.
 Acaroglu, M., Kocar, G., and Arif, H. 2005. The potential of biogas energy. Energy Sources 27(3):251-259.
 K─▒z─▒laslan, N., K─▒z─▒laslan, H. 2007. Turkey-s biogas energy potential. Energy Sources Part B: Economics, Planning, and Policy 2(3):277- 286.
 Ghafoori, E., and Flynn, P.C. 2007. Optimizing the logistics of anaerobic digestion of manure. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology 136-140:625-637.
 Lansing, S., Botero, R.B., and Martin, J.F. 2008. Waste treatment and biogas quality in small-scale agricultural digesters. Bioresource Technology 99:5881-5890.
 Cantrell, K.B., Ducey, T., Ro, K.S., and Hunt, P.G. 2008. Livestock waste-to-bioenergy generation opportunities. Bioresource Technology 99:7941-7953.
 WEC (World Energy Council). 2007. Survey of Energy Resources, Bioenergy, World Energy Council 2007. Available from
 EIE (General Directorate of Electrical Power Resources Survey and Development Administration). 2008. Bioenergy. Available from
 Weiland, P. 2003. Production and energetic use of biogas from energy crops and wastes in Germany. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology 109:263-274.
 Demirel, B., and Scherer, P. 2008. Production of methane from sugar beet silage without manure addition by a single-stage anaerobic digestion process. Biomass & Bioenergy 32:203-209.
 Scherer, P., Dobler, S., Rohardt, S., Loock, R., B├╝ttner, B., Nöldeke, P., and Brettschuh, A. 2003. Continuous biogas production from fodder beet silage as sole substrate. Water Science and Technology 48(4):229- 233.
 Parawira, W., Read, J.S., Mattiasson, B., and Björnsson, L. 2008. Energy production from agricultural residues: high methane yields in pilot-scale two-stage anaerobic digestion. Biomass & Bioenergy 32:44- 50.
 Lehtömaki, A., Huttunen, S., and Rintala, J.A. 2007. Laboratory investigations on co-digestion of energy crops and crop residues with cow manure for methane production: Effect of crop to manure ratio. Resources Conservation Recycling 51:591-609.
 Lindorfer, H., Corcoba, A., Vasilieva, V., Braun, R., and Kirchmayr, R. 2008. Doubling the organic loading rate in the co-digestion of energy crops and manure - a full scale case study. Bioresource Technology 99:1148-1156.
 Weiland, P. 2006. Biomass digestion in agriculture: A successful pathway for the energy production and waste treatment in Germany. Engineering in Life Sciences 6(3):302-309.
 TSI (Turkish Statistical Institute). 2008. Agriculture Statistics. Available from
 Igoni, A.H., Ayotamuno, M.J., Eze, C.L., Ogaji, S.O.T., and Probert, S.D. 2008. Designs of anaerobic digesters for producing biogas from municipal solid-waste. Applied Energy 85:430-438.
 Fernendez, J., Perez, M., Romero, L.I. 2008. Effect of substrate concentration on dry mesophilic anaerobic digestion of organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW). Bioresource Technology 99:6075- 6080.
 Forster-Carneiro, T., Perez, M., and Romero, L.I. 2008. Anaerobic digestion of municipal solid wastes: Dry thermophilic performance. Bioresource Technology 99:8180-8184.
 Ozgur M.A. 2008. Review of Turkey-s renewable energy potential. Renewable Energy 33:2345-2356.
 TSI (Turkish Statistical Institute). 2006. The municipal waste statistics, 2006. Available from
 TSI (Turkish Statistical Institute). 2008. Environment Statistics. Available from
 Zupancic, G.D., Urnajek-Zevart, N., and Ros, M. 2008. Full-scale anaerobic co-digestion of organic waste and municipal sludge. Biomass & Bioenergy 32:162-167.
 EPDK (Energy Market Regulatory Authority). 2009. Available from www.epdk.gov.tr (accessed date 16.06.2009).
 Tasdemiroglu, E. 1986. Biomass energy potential in Turkey. Biomass 11:81-89.
 Erdogdu E. 2008. An expose of bioenergy and its potential and utilization in Turkey. Energy Policy 36:2182-2190.