Linking Urban Planning and Water Planning to Achieve Sustainable Development and Liveability Outcomes in the New Growth Areas of Melbourne, Australia
Authors: Dennis Corbett
The city of Melbourne in Victoria, Australia, provides a number of examples of how a growing city can integrate urban planning and water planning to achieve sustainable urban development, environmental protection, liveability and integrated water management outcomes, and move towards becoming a “Water Sensitive City". Three examples are provided - the development at Botanic Ridge, where a 318 hectare residential development is being planned and where integrated water management options are being implemented using a “triple bottom line" sustainability investment approach; the Toolern development, which will capture and reuse stormwater and recycled water to greatly reduce the suburb-s demand for potable water, and the development at Kalkallo where a 1,200 hectare industrial precinct development is planned which will merge design of the development's water supply, sewerage services and stormwater system. The Paper argues that an integrated urban planning and water planning approach is fundamental to creating liveable, vibrant communities which meet social and financial needs while being in harmony with the local environment. Further work is required on developing investment frameworks and risk analysis frameworks to ensure that all possible solutions can be assessed equally.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1057271Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1595
 El Nasser, H. (2011) "World population hits 7 billion", USA TODAY, 31 October 2011, accessed at http://www.usatoday.com
 United Nations Population Fund (2011) "The State of World Population 2011 - People and Possibilities in a World of 7 Billion", accessed at http://foweb.unfpa.org/SWP2011/reports/EN-SWOP2011-FINAL.pdf.
 Patel, S., Vanderbilt, T., Sassen, S., Dobbs, R., Sankhe, S., Despommier, D., Matthew, R., Dahlsen, J., and Mead, E. (2010) "The New Urbanism: In the Future, What Will Our Cities Look Like?", World Policy Journal, Volume 27, Number 4, Winter 2010/2011, pp. 3-7.
 Lundy, L. and Wade, R. (2011) "Integrating sciences to sustain urban ecosystem services", Progress in Physical Geography 35(5), pp 653 -669.
 Kidd, S. and Shaw, D., (2007) "Integrated water resource management and institutional integration: realising the potential of spatial planning in England", The Geographical Journal, Volume 173, Number 4, pp 312 -329.
 Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (2011), "Sustainable Australia - Sustainable Communities: A Sustainable Population Strategy for Australia", Canberra, accessed at http://www.environment.gov.au/sustainability/population/index.html.
 National Water Commission (2011) "Urban water in Australia: future directions", accessed at http://nwc.gov.au/.
 Colebatch, T., (2011) "City-s population explosion", "The Age" newspaper, 1 April 2011, accessed at: http://news.domain.com.au/domain/real-estate-news/citys-populationexplosion- 20110331-1cng1.html.
 Department of Sustainability and Environment (2011) "Living Melbourne, Living Victoria Roadmap", Ministerial Advisory Council for the Living Melbourne Living Victoria Plan for Water, accessed at http://www.water.vic.gov.au/programs/living-victoria/living-victoriaroadmap.
 Dagge, J. (2012) "Melbourne struggling as population booms", The Sunday Herald-Sun newspaper, 25 March 2012, accessed at http://www.heraldsun.com.au/.
 Committee for Melbourne (2012) "Planning for Melbourne-s future - our greatest challenge in 2012", The Melbourne Review, 22 February 2012, accessed at http://www.melbournereview.com.au/read/203/.
 Centre for Water Sensitive Cities (2011a) "Executive Summary - Literature & Practice, Review", January 2011, accessed at http://www.watersensitivecities.org.au/wp-content/uploads/Executive- Summary-Jan-2011.pdf.
 International Water Centre (2010) Applied research background information at http://www.watercentre.org.
 International Water Association (2010) “Montreal Declaration on Cities of the Future”, accessed at http://www.iwahq.org/.
 Coombes, P. (2011) “Transitioning to a resilient, liveable and sustainable greater Melbourne - Initial Response to the Living Victoria Ministerial Advisory Council”, a report from Bonacci Water, accessed at http://www.water.vic.gov.au/initiatives/living-victoria/consultantreports/ study-1dr.-peter-coombes.
 Centre for Water Sensitive Cities (2011b) “Blueprint 2011 - Stormwater Management in a Water Sensitive City”, (2011), Monash University, Wong T.H.F., Allen R., Beringer J., Brown R.R., Chaudhri V., Deletic A., Fletcher T.D., Gernjak W., Hodyl L., Jakob C., Reeder M., Tapper N. and Walsh C., accessed at: http://www.watersensitivecities.org.au/wpcontent/ uploads/blueprint2011_Jan%202011%20ISBN%20version%20 FINAL.pdf.
 Roy, A., Wenger, S., Fletcher, T., Walsh, C., Ladson, A., Shuster, W., Thurston, H., & Brown, R., (2008) “Impediments and Solutions to Sustainable, Watershed-Scale Urban Stormwater Management: Lessons from Australia and the United States”, Environmental Management, 42(2), 344-59, Accessed from ABI/INFORM Global - Document ID: 1897094611.
 European Union (2000) “The European Union Water Framework Directive - integrated river basin management for Europe”, accessed at http://eur-lex.europa.eu.
 Van Roon, M. (2005) “Emerging approaches to urban ecosystem management: the potential of low impact urban design and development principles”, Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management, 7(1), pp 125-148.
 CSIRO (1999), “Urban Stormwater: Best Practice Environmental Management Guidelines”, ISBN 0 643 09350 8 (E-book version); Accessed at http://www.publish.csiro.au/nid/197/issue/3822.htm.
 Council of Australian Governments, (2004), “Intergovernmental Agreement on a National Water Initiative”, accessed at http://www.nwc.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0019/18208/Intergovern mental-Agreement-on-a-national-water-initiative2.pdf.
 Corbett, D., (2010a) “Achieving sustainable stormwater management in Melbourne, Australia, as part of the journey to a water sensitive city”, Paper presented at the International Conference on sustainable techniques and strategies in urban water management, Lyon, France, July 2010.
 Water Sensitive Cities Tour 2009, website at http://watersensitivecities09.com/wordpress/
 Wong, T and Brown, R. (2010), “The water sensitive city: principles for practice”, Water Science and Technology, Volume 60, Number 3, pg 673-683, IWA Publishing.
 Donofrio, J., Kuhn, Y., McWalter, K., and Winsor, M., (2009) “Water- Sensitive Urban Design: An Emerging Model in Sustainable Design and Comprehensive Water-Cycle Management”, Environmental Practice, 11(3), 179-189, Accessed from ProQuest Science Journals - Document ID: 1883596841.
 Ewert, J., Edwards, P., and Pendergast, M. (2011) “Sustainable, Liveable and Prosperous” – Melbourne’s Pathway to Reform in Urban and Water Planning”, A Paperpresented at the Cities of the Future conference in Sustainable Urban Planning and Water Management, Stockholm, Sweden, 22 - 25 May 2011.
 Department of Infrastructure and Transport, Canberra, (2011) “Our Cities, Our Future - A national urban policy for a productive, sustainable and liveable future”, accessed at http://www.infrastructure.gov.au/infrastructure/mcu/files/Our_Cities_N ational_Urban_Policy_Paper_2011.pdf.
 Urrutiaguer, M., Rossrakesh, S., Potter, M., Ladson, A., and Walsh, C.J. (2012) “Using Directly Connected Imperviousness Mapping to Inform Stormwater Management Strategies”, Paper presented at the 7th International Conference on Water Sensitive Urban Design, 21–23 February 2012, Melbourne, Australia.
 Department of Planning and Community Development (2010), “Delivering Melbourne’s newest sustainable communities”, (2010) accessed at http://www.dpcd.vic.gov.au/planning/plansandpolicies/planningformelb ourne/planninghistory/deliveringmelbournesnewestsustainablecommunit ies
 Department of Planning and Community Development (2002) “Melbourne 2030 – Planning for sustainable growth”, accessed at http://www.dpcd.vic.gov.au/planning/plansandpolicies/planningformelb ourne/planninghistory/melbourne2030.
 Department of Planning and Community Development (2005) “A Plan for Melbourne’s Growth Areas”, accessed at http://www.dpcd.vic.gov.au/planning/plansandpolicies/planningformelb ourne/planninghistory/a-plan-for-melbournes-growth-areas.
 Growth Areas Authority, Melbourne, Victoria, (2009) “Precinct Structure Planning Note - Integrated Water Management”, accessed at http://www.gaa.vic.gov.au/PSPGuidelines/.
 Government of Victoria, “Water Act 1989”, accessed at http://corrigan.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/vic/consol_act/wa198983/.
 Government of Victoria, Planning and Environment Act 1987”, accessed at http://corrigan.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/vic/consol_act/paea1987254/
 Melbourne Water (2007) “Principles for Provision of Waterway and Drainage Services for Urban Growth”, accessed at http://www.melbournewater.com.au/
 Corbett, D., (2010b) “Moving towards sustainable stormwater management in the new growth areas of Melbourne – achieving results by partnerships, policies and persuasion”; Paper presented at “Stormwater 2010 - National Conference of the Stormwater Industry Association of Australia”, Sydney, November 2010.
 Department of Sustainability and Environment (2006), “Victorian Planning Provisions Practice Note – Clause 56 residential subdivision”, accessed at: http://www.dse.vic.gov.au
 Growth Areas Authority (2011a) “Botanic Ridge Precinct Structure Plan”, accessed at http://www.gaa.vic.gov.au/
 Growth Areas Authority (2011b) “Botanic Ridge newsletter – November 2011”, accessed at http://webadmin.gaa.vic.gov.au/Assets/Files/Botanic%20Ridge%20new sletter.pdf
 Liner, B., and deMonsabert, S. (2011) “Balancing the Triple Bottom Line in Water Supply Planning for Utilities”, Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management 137, 335.
 Growth Areas Authority, Melbourne, Victoria (2011c) “Toolern Precinct Structure Plan”, accessed at http://planningschemes.dpcd.vic.gov.au
 Government of Victoria (2010) “Toolern sets new standard for water management”, press release from the Victorian Minister for Water, 24 August 2010, accessed at http://www.premier.vic.gov.au/mediacentre/ media-releases/1781-toolern-sets-new-standard-for-watermanagement. html
 Western Water (2011) “Western Water Corporate Report 2010/11”, accessed at http://www.westernwater.com.au/aboutus/Pages/AnnualReports.aspx
 Wong, T., Allen, R., Brown, R. et al. (2011), “Transitioning to a resilient, liveable and sustainable greater Melbourne (localised case studies)”, Report prepared for the Living Victoria Ministerial Advisory Council, accessed at http://www.water.vic.gov.au/programs/livingvictoria2/ consultant-reports/study-2-professor-tony-wong
 Yarra Valley Water (2010) “Yarra Valley Water awarded for stormwater harvesting project at Merrifield”, Media Release from Yarra Valley Water 4 January 2010, accessed at http://www.yvw.com.au
 Morison, P.J. and Chesterfield, C. (2012) “Enhancing the management of urban stormwater in a new paradigm”, Paper presented at the 7th International Conference on Water Sensitive Urban Design, 21–23 February 2012, Melbourne, Australia.
 Moglia, M., Cook, S., Sharma, A., & Burn, S. (2011) “Assessing Decentralised Water Solutions: Towards a Framework for Adaptive Learning”, Water Resources Management, 25(1), 217-238. Accessed from ABI/INFORM Global - Document ID: 2215187601.
 Centre for Water Sensitive Cities (2012) “Blueprint 2012: Stormwater Management in a Water Sensitive City”, Monash University, Wong T.H.F., Allen R., Beringer J., Brown R.R., Deletic A., Fletcher T.D., Gangadharan, L., Gernjak W., Jakob C., O’Loan, T., Reeder M., Tapper N. and Walsh C., The Centre for Water Sensitive Cities, Monash Sustainability Institute, Monash University, accessed at http://www.watersensitivecities.org.au
 Melbourne Water (2012) “Integrated Water Management Strategy Discussion Paper (Draft)” – internal document.
 Martinez, S., Escolero, O., and Wolf, L., (2011) “Total Urban Water Cycle Models in Semiarid Environments - Quantitative Scenario Analysis at the Area of San Luis Potosi, Mexico”, Water Resources Management, 25(1), 239-263. Accessed from ABI/INFORM Global - Document ID: 2215187611.
 Department of Sustainability and Environment (2012), “Living Melbourne Living Victoria Implementation Plan”, Ministerial Advisory Council for the Living Melbourne Living Victoria Plan for Water, accessed at http://www.water.vic.gov.au/initiatives/livingvictoria/governmentresponse