Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30685
Phytoremediation Potential of Native Plants Growing on a Heavy Metals Contaminated Soil of Copper mine in Iran
Abstract:A research project dealing with the phytoremediation of a soil polluted by some heavy metals is currently running. The case study is represented by a mining area in Hamedan province in the central west part of Iran. The potential of phytoextraction and phytostabilization of plants was evaluated considering the concentration of heavy metals in the plant tissues and also the bioconcentration factor (BCF) and the translocation factor (TF). Also the several established criteria were applied to define hyperaccumulator plants in the studied area. Results showed that none of the collected plant species were suitable for phytoextraction of Cu, Zn, Fe and Mn, but among the plants, Euphorbia macroclada was the most efficient in phytostabilization of Cu and Fe, while, Ziziphora clinopodioides, Cousinia sp. and Chenopodium botrys were the most suitable for phytostabilization of Zn and Chondrila juncea and Stipa barbata had the potential for phytostabilization of Mn. Using the most common criterion, Euphorbia macroclada and Verbascum speciosum were Fe hyperaccumulator plants. Present study showed that native plant species growing on contaminated sites may have the potential for phytoremediation.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1056941Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 3483
 N.T. Abdel-Ghani, M. Hefny, and G. A. F. El-Chagbaby, "Removal of lead from aqueous solution using low cost abundantly available adsorbents,".Int. J. Environ. Sci. Tech. J., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 67-73, 2007
 D. C. Adriano, W. W. Wenzel, J. Vangronsveld, and N. S. Bolan, "Role of assisted natural remediation in environmental cleanup," Geoderma. J., Vol. 122, no. 2-4, pp. 121-142, 2004.
 B. J.Alloway, A. P. Jackson, and H. Morgan, 1990. "The accumulation of cadmium by vegetables grown on soils contaminated from a variety of sources," Sci. Total Environ. J., vol. 91, no. 1, pp. 223-236, 1990.
 A. J. M. Baker, and R. R. Brooks, "Terrestrial higher plants which hyperaccumulate metallic elements - a review of their distribution, ecology and phytochemistry," Biorecovery. J., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 81-126, 1989.
 L. A. Bouwman, J. Bloem, P. F. A. M. Römkens, and J. Japenga, "EDGA amendment of slightly heavy metal loaded soil affects heavy metal solubility, crop growth and microbivorous nematodes but not bacteria and herbivorous nematodes," Soil Biol. Biochem. J., Vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 271278, 2005.
 C. Branquinho, H. C. Serrano, M. J. Pinto, and M. A. Martins-Loucao, M 2006. "Revisiting the plant hyperaccumulation criteria to rare plants and earth abundant elements," Environ. Pollut. J., vol. 146, no 3, pp. 437-443, 2006.
 H. Deng, Z. H. Ye, and M. H. Wong, "Accumulation of lead, zinc, copper and cadmium by 12 wetland plant species thriving in metalcontaminated sites in China," Environ. Pollut . J., vol. 132, no. 1, pp. 29-40, 2004
 P. Istvan, and J. Benton, Trace elements. Lucie Press, Boca Raton, Florida, 1997.
 A. Kabata-Pendias, and H. Pendias, Trace elements in soils and plants. CRC Press, Florida, 1984.
 I. S. Kim, K. H. Kang, P. Johnson-Green, and E. J. Lee, "Investigation of heavy metal accumulation in Polygonum thunbergii for phytoextraction," Environ. Pollut. J., vol. 126, no. 2, pp. 235-243, 2003.
 L. Q. Ma, K. M. Komar, C. Tu, W. Zhang, Y. Cai, and E. D. Kennelley, "A fern that hyperaccumulates arsenic," Nature. J., vol. 409, pp, 579, 2001.
 B. Market, Element concentration in ecosystems. International Institute of Advanced Ecological and Economic Studies. Zittau, Germany, 2003.
 S. P. McGrath and F. G. Zhao, "Phytoextraction of metals and metalloids from contaminated soils," Curr. Opinion Biotechnol. J., vol. 14, no. 3, pp, 277-282, 2003.
 W. J. Mitsch, and S. E. Jorgensen, "Ecological engineering: a field whose time has come," Ecol. Eng. J., vol. 20, no. 1-2, pp, 363-377, 2003.
 S. Raicevic, T. Kaludjerovic-Radoicic, and A. I. Zouboulis, "In situ stabilization of toxic metals in polluted soils using phosphates: theoretical prediction and experimental verification," J. Hazard, Mat. . J., vol. 117, no. 2, pp, 41-53, 2005.
 J. D. Roades, Salinity: electrical conductivity and total dissolved solids methods of soil analysis, chemical methods. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI, 1996.
 D. L. Rowell, Soil science: methods and applications. Longman, Harlow, 1994.
 D. E. Salt, M. Blaylock, N. P. B. A. Kumar, V. Dushenkov, B. D. Ensley, and I. Chet Raskin, "Phytoremediation: a novel strategy for the removal of toxic metals from the environment using plants," Biotechnol. J., vol. 1, no. 5, pp, 468-474, 1995.
 W. S. Shu, Z. H. Ye, C. Y. Lan, Z. Q. Zhang, and M. H. Wong, "Lead, zinc and copper accumulation and tolerance in populations of Paspalum distichum and Cynodon dactylon," Environ. Pollut. J., vol. 120, no. 2, pp, 445-453, 2002.
 G. Sposito, The chemistry of soils. Oxford University Press, New York, 1989.
 S. Susarla, V. F. Medina, and S. C. McCutcheon, "Phytoremediation: an ecological solution to organic chemical contamination," Ecol. Eng. J., vol. 18, no. 5, pp, 647-658, 2002.
 K. H. Tan, Environmental soil science. Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, 1995.
 G. W. Thomas, Soil pH and soil acidity. In: Klute A (ed) Methods of soil analysis, Part 3, 1996.
 N. I. Ward, R. D. Reeves, and R. R. Brooks, "Lead in soil and vegetation," Environ. Pollut. J., vol. 9, no. 2, pp, 243-251, 1975.
 Z. Yanqun, L. Yuan, C. Jianjun, C. Haiyan, Q. Li, and C. Schvartz, "Hyperaccumulation of Pb, Zn and Cd in herbaceous grown on lead-zinc mining area in Yunnan, China," Environ. Int. J., vol. 31, no. 5, pp, 755- 762, 2005.
 J. Yoon, X. Cao, Q. Zhou, and L. Q. Ma," Accumulation of Pb, Cu, and Zn in native plants growing on a contaminated Florida site," Sci. Tot. Environ. . J., vol. 368, no. 2-3, pp, 456-464, 2006.