Commenced in January 2007
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Visual-Graphical Methods for Exploring Longitudinal Data

Authors: H. W. Ker


Longitudinal data typically have the characteristics of changes over time, nonlinear growth patterns, between-subjects variability, and the within errors exhibiting heteroscedasticity and dependence. The data exploration is more complicated than that of cross-sectional data. The purpose of this paper is to organize/integrate of various visual-graphical techniques to explore longitudinal data. From the application of the proposed methods, investigators can answer the research questions include characterizing or describing the growth patterns at both group and individual level, identifying the time points where important changes occur and unusual subjects, selecting suitable statistical models, and suggesting possible within-error variance.

Keywords: Data Exploration, longitudinal data, exploratory analysis, HLMs/LMEs, visual-graphical methods

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

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