Effect of Temperature on Specific Retention Volumes of Selected Volatile Organic Compounds Using the Gas - Liquid Chromatographic Technique Revisited
This paper is a continuation of our interest in the influence of temperature on specific retention volumes and the resulting infinite dilution activity coefficients. This has a direct effect in the design of absorption and stripping columns for the abatement of volatile organic compounds. The interaction of 13 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) with polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) at varying temperatures was studied by gas liquid chromatography (GLC). Infinite dilution activity coefficients and specific retention volumes obtained in this study were found to be in agreement with those obtained from static headspace and group contribution methods by the authors as well as literature values for similar systems. Temperature variation also allows for transport calculations for different seasons. The results of this work confirm that PDMS is well suited for the scrubbing of VOCs from waste gas streams. Plots of specific retention volumes against temperature gave linear van-t Hoff plots.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1056392Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1556
 E. Muzenda, A. Arrowsmith, M. Belaid and F. Ntuli, "Temperature dependence of specific retention volumes of environmentally important VOCs using GLC", in Proc. ISEEE 09, Rayong, 2009
 E. Muzenda, M. Belaid and F. Ntuli, "Influence of temperature on specific retention volumes of environmentally important VOCs, EnvironmentAsia, Accepted for Publication, February 2010.
 E. Muzenda, A. Arrowsmith, and N. Ashton, "Study of the Effects of Experimental Variables in Solute Retention Volumes by Gas Liquid Chromatogrphy (glc) in Polymer Solution Thermodynamics," in Proc. CHEMCON, Chandigarh, December 2008.
 E. Muzenda, M. Belaid, F. Ntuli, and A. Arrowsmith, "Absorption of Volatile Organic Compounds in Silicon: Determination of Infinite Dilution Activity Coefficients by Dynamic Gas Liquid Chromatographic Technique," in Proc. The 8th WCCE 2009, Montreal, August 2009.
 A. B. Littlewood, C. S. G. Phillips, and D. T. Price, "The Chromatography of gases and vapours Part V: Partition analysis with columns of Silicone 702 and Tritolylphosphate," J. Chemical Soc., pp. 1480, 1955.
 R. N. Lichtenthaler, R.D. Newman, and J. M. Prausnitz, "Specific retention volumes from Gas - Liquid Chromatography for Polydimethylsiloxane Hydrocarbon Systems," Macromolecules, vol. 4, no. 4, pp 650-651, 1973.
 W. R. Summers, Y. B. Tewari, and H. P. Schreiber, "Thermodynamic Interaction in Polydimethysiloxane - hydrocarbon Systems from Gas - Liquid Chromatography," Macromolecules, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 11 - 16, 1972.
 A. J. Ashworth, C. F. Chien, D. L. Furio, D. M. Hooker, M. M. Kopecni, R.J. Laub, and G. J. Price, "Comparison of static with gaschromatographic solute infinite-dilution activity coefficients with polydimethylsiloxane solvent," Macromolecules, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 1090 - 1094, 1984.
 K. Heberger, M. Gorgenyi, and T. Kowalska, "Temperature dependence of Kovats indices in gas chromatography revisited," J. Chromatography A, vol. 973, pp. 135-142.
 K. B. Sentell, N. I. Ryan, and A. N. Henderson, "Temperature and salvation effects on homologous series selectivity in reversed phase liquid chromatography," Analytical Chimica Acta, vol. 203- 215, 1995.
 E. Muzenda, A. Arrowsmith, and N. Ashton, "Ashton N, "Infinite dilution activity coefficients for VOCs in polydimethylsiloxane," in Proc. IChemE 2000, Bath, January 2000.
 E. Muzenda, A. Arrowsmith, and N. Ashton, "Ashton N, "GLC as an optimization technique," in Proc. 5th International Conference on Manufacturing Process Systems and Operations Management in Less Industrialised Regions, Bulawayo, 2002.
 E. Muzenda, A. Arrowsmith, and N. Ashton, "Measurement of Infinite Dilution Activity Coefficients for Volatile Organic Compounds in Polydimethylsiloxane by Gas Liquid Chromatography," in Proc. CHEMCON, Chandigarh, December 2008.
 H. Purnell, Gas Chromatography, John Willey and sons, 1962.
 D. D. Deshpande, D. Patterson, H. P. Schreiber, and C. S. Su, "Thermodynamic Interactions in Polymer Systems by Gas - Liquid Chromatography. IV. Interactions between Components in a Mixed Stationary Phase," Macromolecules, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 530-535, 1974.
 O. Smidsrod, J. E. Guillet, "Study of polymer interactions by gas chromatography," Macromolecules, vol. 2, pp. 272, 1969.
 B. Sellergren, and J. H. Shea, "Origin of peak asymmetry and the effect of temperature on the solute retention in enantiomer separations on imprinted chiral stationary phases," J. Chromatography A, vol. 690, pp. 29-39, 1995.
 K. Bay, H. Wanko, and J. Ulrich, "Absorption of Volatile Organic Compounds in Biodisel: Determination of Infinite Dilution Activity Coefficients by Headspace Gas Chromatography," Inst. Chem. Eng. Trans IChemE, vol. 84, no. A1, pp. 22-28, 2006.
 U. Domanska, and A. Marciniak, "Measurements of activity coefficients at infinite dilution of aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons, alcohols, and water in the new ionic liquid (EMIM)(SCN) using GLC," J. Chemical Thermo., vol. 40, pp. 860-866, 2008.
 E. Tudor, "Temperature dependence of the retention index for perfumery compounds on a SE - 30 glass capillary column I. Linear Equations," J. Chromatography A, vol. 779, 287-297, 1997.
 E.Tudor, and D. Moldovan, "Temperature dependence of the retention index for perfumery compounds on a SE - 30 glass capillary column II. The hyperbolic equation," J. Chromatography A, vol. 848, pp. 215- 227, 1999.
 C. S. Lee, and W. J. Cheong, "Thermodynamic properties for the solute transfer from the mobile to the stationary phase in reversed phase liquid chromatography obtained by squalane - impregnated C18 bonded phase," J. Chromatography A, vol. 848, pp. 9-20. 1999; 848.
 M. Makela, and L. Pyy, "Effect of temperature on the retention time reproducibility and on the use of programmable fluorescence detection of fifteen polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons," J. Chromatography A, vol. 699, pp. 49-57, 1995.
 E. Muzenda, M. Belaid and F. Ntuli, "Measurement of infinite dilution activity coefficients of selected environmentally important volatile organic compounds in polydimethylsiloxane using gas - liquid chromatography," Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering, Received 14 August 2009, Accepted 6 February 2010, First online 4 August 2010. pp 1.4.4