Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 31023
Reversible Watermarking for H.264/AVC Videos
Abstract:In this paper, we propose a reversible watermarking scheme based on histogram shifting (HS) to embed watermark bits into the H.264/AVC standard videos by modifying the last nonzero level in the context adaptive variable length coding (CAVLC) domain. The proposed method collects all of the last nonzero coefficients (or called last level coefficient) of 4×4 sub-macro blocks in a macro block and utilizes predictions for the current last level from the neighbor block-s last levels to embed watermark bits. The feature of the proposed method is low computational and has the ability of reversible recovery. The experimental results have demonstrated that our proposed scheme has acceptable degradation on video quality and output bit-rate for most test videos.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1056216Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1764
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 S. D. Lin, C. Y. Chuang, and M.J. Chen, "A Watermarking Scheme by Changing the Number of Nonzero Coefficients in H.264/AVC Encoder", in Pro. 22th IPPR Conference on Computer Vision, Graphics, and Image Processing, CVGIP. Aug. 23-25, 2009.
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 Iain E. G. Richardson, "H.264 and MPEG-4 Video Compression," John Willy & Sons Ltd, 2003.
 K. S├╝hring, H.264/AVC Reference Software Group
[On-line]. Available: http://iphome.hhi.de/suehring/tml/, Joint Model 12.2 (JM12.2), Jan. 2009.