Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30761
Web Page Watermarking: XML files using Synonyms and Acronyms

Authors: Nighat Mir, Sayed Afaq Hussain


Advent enhancements in the field of computing have increased massive use of web based electronic documents. Current Copyright protection laws are inadequate to prove the ownership for electronic documents and do not provide strong features against copying and manipulating information from the web. This has opened many channels for securing information and significant evolutions have been made in the area of information security. Digital Watermarking has developed into a very dynamic area of research and has addressed challenging issues for digital content. Watermarking can be visible (logos or signatures) and invisible (encoding and decoding). Many visible watermarking techniques have been studied for text documents but there are very few for web based text. XML files are used to trade information on the internet and contain important information. In this paper, two invisible watermarking techniques using Synonyms and Acronyms are proposed for XML files to prove the intellectual ownership and to achieve the security. Analysis is made for different attacks and amount of capacity to be embedded in the XML file is also noticed. A comparative analysis for capacity is also made for both methods. The system has been implemented using C# language and all tests are made practically to get the results.

Keywords: Watermarking, synonyms, copyright protection, acronyms, Extensible Markup Language (XML)

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1858


[1] Gengming Zhu, and Nong Sang, "Watermarking Algorithm Research and Implementation Based on DCT Block", World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology 45 2008
[2] Xuan ZHOU, HweeHwa PANG, Kian-Lee TAN, Dhruv MANGLA, "WmXML: A System for Watermarking XML Data", Proceedings of the 31st VLDB Conference, Trondheim, Norway, 2005
[3] Mohammad Laheen, Sun XingMing, "Techniques with Statistics for Web page Watermarking" 2005, NSFC No.60373062.
[4] Qijun Zhao, Hondtao Lu, "PCA-based web page watermarking", Elsevier Science Inc., Vol. 4, 2007
[5] Shingo, Kyoko, Ichiro, Osamu, "A Proposal on Information Hiding Methods using XML", Mitsubishi Research Institute, Communication Research Laboratory, Yokohama National University and The University of Tokyo.