Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30576
Improving Production Traits for El-Salam and Mandarah Chicken Strains by Crossing II-Estimation of Crossbreeding Effects on Egg Production and Egg Quality Traits

Authors: Ayman E. Taha, Fawzy A. Abd El-Ghany

Abstract:

A crossbreeding experiment was carried out between two Egyptian strains of chickens namely Mandarah (MM) and El-Salam (SS). The two purebred strains and their reciprocal crosses (MS and SM) were used to estimate the effect of crossing on egg laying and egg quality parameters, direct additive and maternal additive effects as well as heterosis and direct heterosis percentages for studied traits. Results revealed that SM cross recorded the highest significant averages for most of egg production traits including body weight at sexual maturity (BW1), egg numbers at first 90 days, 42 weeks and 65 weeks of age (EN1, EN2 and EN3; respectively), egg weight at 90 days, 42 weeks of age (EW1 and EW2), egg mass at 90 days, 42 weeks and 65 weeks of age (EM1, EM2 and EM3; respectively), feed conversion ratio to egg production at 90 days , 42 weeks and 65 weeks of age (FCR1, FCR2 and FCR3; respectively), fertility and commercial hatchability percentages. Moreover, SM line reached the age sexual maturity (ASM) and period to the first ten eggs (Pf10 egg) at earlier age than other lines. On the other hand, crossing did not well improve egg quality parameters. Estimates and percentages of direct additive effect (GI) were negative for most of the studied traits except for EN1, EN2, EN3, FCR3, fertility, scientific and commercial hatchability percentages that were positive. But Estimates and percentages of maternal heterosis (Gm) were positive for all the studied traits of egg production, except for BW2, BW3, ASM, Pf10, FCR1, FCR2, FCR3 and scientific hatchability that were negative. Also, positive estimates and percentages of heterosis were recorded for most of egg production and egg quality traits. It was concluded that using of SS strain as a sire line and MM strain as a dam line resulting in best new commercial egg line (SM) which is of great concern for poultry breeder in Egypt.

Keywords: Egg Quality, egg production, Mandarahand El-Salam chickens, Crossing, Crossbreeding components

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1088282

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2390

References:


[1] M. M. Iraqi, E. A. Afifi, A. M. El-Labban and M. Afram ‘‘Heterotic and genetic components in 4x4 diallel mating experiment for egg production traits in chickens,’’ 4th World Poultry Conference 27 - 30 March 2007, Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt.
[2] R. L. Willham, and E.Pollak ‘‘Heterosis and crossbreeding,’’ Dairy Sci. 1985, (68): 2411–2417.
[3] M. S. Hanafi and M. M. Iraqi ‘‘Evaluation of purebreds, heterosis, combining abilities, maternal and sex-linked effects for some productive and reproductive traits in chickens,’’ 2nd international Conference on Animal Production and Health in Semi-Arid Areas, 4-6 September, El- Arish-North-Sinai, Egypt, 2001, 545-555. Egypt.
[4] D. M. Mekki, I. A. Yousif, M. K. Abdel Rahman, J. Wang and H. H. Musa, ‘‘Growth performance of indigenous X exotic crosses of chicken and evaluation of general and specific combining ability under Sudan condition,’’ Int. J. Poult. Sci. 2005, (4): 468-471.
[5] Z. A. Ezzeldin and A. F. El-Labban ‘‘Egg weight and egg characteristics of purebred and crossbred chickens. Third Egypt British conference on Animal, Fish and poultry production Alexandria,’’ 7-10 October, 1989, 983-992.
[6] M. E. Nawar and F. H. Abdou ‘‘Analysis of heterotic gene action and maternal effects in crossbred Fayoumi chickens,’’ Egypt. Poult. Sci. 1999, (10): 671-689.
[7] M. E. Nawar and M. Bahie El-Deen‘‘A comparative study of some economical traits of seven genotypes of chickens under intensive production system,’’ Egypt. Poult. Sci. 2000, (20): 1031-1045.
[8] M.A. Kosba‘‘Hetrosis and phenotypic correlation for shank length, body weight and egg production traits in Alexandria strain and their crosses with Fayoumi chickens,’’ Alex. J. Agric. Res. 1978, (26): 29-41.
[9] M. A. Islam, S. M. Bulbuli, G. Seeland and A. B. Islam ‘‘Egg quality of different chicken genotypes in summer and winter,’’ Pak. J. Bid. Sci. 2001, (4): 1411-1414.
[10] M. M. Iraqi ‘‘Genetic evaluation for egg quality traits in crossbreeding experiment involving Mandarah and Matrouh chickens using animal model,’’ Egypt. Poult. Sci. 2002, (22): 711-726.
[11] K. M. YousriaAfifi, O. M. Aly and Nazla Y. Abou El-Ella. ‘‘Effect of crossing on the performance of local chicken strain. 4- Effect of strain and laying age on egg quality characteristics,’’ Egypt. Poult. Sci. 2010, (30): 1171-1188.
[12] L. Zita, E. Tumova and L. Stolc‘‘Effect of genotype, age and their interaction on egg quality in Brown-egg laying hens,’’ Actavet, Brno, 2009, (78): 85-91.
[13] H.Basmacioglu and M. Ergul‘‘Research on the factors affecting cholesterol content and some other characteristics of eggs in laying hens – the effect of genotype and rearing system,’’ Turk. J. Vet. Anim. Sci., 2005, (29), 157–164.
[14] A. I. El-Turky, Y. M. Kader, N. Z. Mohana, L. Gohar and I. F. Sayed‘‘Certain factor affecting rate of weight loss in incubated eggs,’’ Agric. Res. Rev. Cairo. 1981, (59):29-44.
[15] A. A. El-Srwy ‘‘Studies in poultry production. Effect of crossing on fertility, hatchability and egg quality of Dandarawy chickens,’’ 1980, M.Sc. Thesis. Fac. of Agric. Univ. of Mansoura, Egypt.
[16] C. Hartmann, K. Johansson, E. Strandberg and M. Wilhelmson. “Onegeneration divergent selection on large and small yolk proportions in a white Leghorn Line,” Br. Poult. Sci. 2000, (41): 280-286.
[17] L. C. Zhang, Z. H. Ning, G. Y. Xu, Z. C. Hou and N. Yang “Heritabilities and genetic and phenotypic correlation of egg quality traits in Brown-egg Dwarf layers,’’Poult Sci. 2005, (84): 1209-1213.
[18] E. M. Abd EI-Gawad ‘‘The "Mandarah" a new breed of chickens,’’ Egypt. Poult. Sci. 1981, (1): 16-22.
[19] E. M. Abd-El-Gawad, M. M. Ali, N. Y. Abou El-Ella, M. M. Balatandand K. M. Omran “El-Salam A new breed of chickens,” Agric. Res. Rev. Cairo, 1983, (61): 147-157.
[20] SAS “User’s Guide Statistics,”2004, SAS Institute INC., Cary, NC, USA.
[21] G. E. Dickerson ‘‘Manual for evaluation of selection theory in poultry,’’ Genet. Today. 1992, (3): 747-761.
[22] M. A. Mandour, G. A. Abd-allah and M. M. Sharaf ‘‘Effect of crossbreeding in some carcass traits of native and standard breeds of chickens,’’Egypt. Poult. Sci. 1996, 16 (1): 171-185.
[23] A. A. Mohamed ‘‘Effect of diallel crosses on poultry performance,’’ 2003, M. Sci. Thesis Fac. Of Agric. Alex. University, Egypt.
[24] E. M. Amin ‘‘Effect of crossing between native and a commercial chicken strain on egg production traits,’’Egypt. Poult. Sci. 2008, 28 (1): 27-349.
[25] S. M. El-Soudany, E. F. Abde-Hamid, M. M. Fathi and M. F. Amer “Effect of crossbreeding between two developed local strains of chickens on laying performance,” Egypt. Poult. Sci. 2003, 23 (II): 409- 419.
[26] M. M. Iraqi ‘‘Estimation of cross breeding effects for egg production traits in crossbreeding experiment involving two local strains of chickens,’’ Egypt. Poult. Sci. 2008, (28):876-882.
[27] R. S. Abou El-Ghar, H. M. Shalan, H. H. Ghanem and O. M. Aly‘‘Egg quality characteristics from some developed strains of chickens and their crosses,’’ Egypt. Poult. Sci. 2009, (29): 1173-1186.
[28] M. M Iraqi, M. H. Khalil and M. M. El-Attrouny‘‘Estimation of crossbreeding parameters for egg production traits in crossing Golden Montazah with White Leghorn chicken,’’ Livestock Research Rural Development. 2012, 24 (4), http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd24/4/iraq24055.htm
[29] O. M. Aly, H. H. Ghanem, Y. K. Afifi, N. Y. Abou El-Ella and M. M. Balat ‘‘Selection for improving egg production in Mandarah chickens. 4-Direct and correlated response for some economic traits for four generations of selection,’’ Egypt. Poult. Sci. 2010, (30): 137-156.
[30] M. A. Kosba and H. A. H, Abd El-Halim ‘‘Evaluation of the Egyptian local strains of chickens,’’ Egypt. Poult. Sci. 2008, (28): 1239-1251.
[31] W. S. El-Tahawy‘‘Genetically improvement of some productive and reproductive traits in local chicken,’’2000, M. Sc. Thesis. Fac. of Agric., Alex. Univ., Egypt.
[32] A. F. M. El-Labban‘‘Genetic Study of egg laying performance in four locally developed strains of chickens,’’ Journal of Agriculture Science Mansoura University 2000, 25 (6) 3187 - 3195.
[33] M. G. El-sisy ‘‘Estimation of genetic and phenotypic parameters for some productive traits in poultry,’’ 2001, Ph. D. Thesis. Fac. Of Agric. At Moshtohor, Zagazig Univ. Egypt.
[34] H. H. Ghanem, O. M. Aly and R. S. Abou El-Ghar‘‘Matrouh as a common parent in crossing with some local strains of chickens: IIHeteriosis, additive and maternal effects on some egg production traits,’’ Egypt. Poult. Sci. 2008, (28): 205-221.
[35] M. S. Hanafi ‘‘Egg characteristics as affected by egg weight in New Hampshire and White Leghorn chickens,’’Egypt, J. Anim. Prod. 1981, (21): 135-153.
[36] M. K. Khalil, A. H. Al-Homidan and I. H. Hermes ‘‘Crossbreeding components in age at first egg and egg production for crossing Saudi chickens with White Leghorn,’’Livestock Research for Rural Development 2004,http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd16/1/khal161.htm
[37] A. Bordas, P. Merat, and F. Minviele‘‘Heterosis in egg- laying lines under divergent selection for residual feed consumption,’’Poult. Sci. 1996, (75):20- 24.
[38] H. A. Hassan ‘‘Estimation of heterosis and predicated breeding values for traits of egg production in chickens using Multi-trit Animal Model,’’ 2008, M.Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Agriculture. Banha Univ.
[39] R. W.Fairfull and R. S. Gowe, In: R. D. Crawford (Ed.) ‘‘Poultry Breeding and Genetics,’’ 1990, p 705. Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.