Floristic Richness of the Tropical Coast of Northern Andhra Pradesh along Bay of Bengal, a Treasure to be Conserved
Coastal zone combines terrestrial, marine and atmospheric factors and gives rise to unique landforms that play an important role in long-term sustainability of the hinterland and economy of maritime nations. World over, efforts have been put forth to understand plants of the seacoasts. In India also, plants of several geographical entities have been well documented, but works devoted to plant communities of the vast tropical coast of India and its States are still insufficient. Therefore, an inventory of plants flourishing in a stretch of ~450km of the Coastal Regulatory Zone I encompassing a total of 84 villages in 6 revenue Districts of northern Andhra Pradesh (15o42’06”N, 80o51’03”E to 19o05’51”N, 84o47’44”E) along Bay of Bengal was carried out. The study revealed presence of a total of 364 species belonging to 225 genera under 71 families. In addition to inventory, zonation pattern, ethnobotany, and certain interesting ecological facts are included.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1088076Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 3383
 Araujo, D.S.D. & Pereira, M.C.A. (2011) Sandy Costal Vegetation. Tropical biology and conservation management, 4. http://www.eolss.net/Eolss-sampleAllChapter.aspax. Accessed on 25- 01-2012.
 Arun, A.B. Beena, K.R. Raviraja, N.S. & Sridhar, K.R. (1999) Coastal and sanddune - a neglected ecosystem. Curr. Sci., 77, 19-21.
 Banerjee, L.K. Rao, T.A. Sastry, A.R.K. & Ghosh, D. (2002) Diversity of coastal plant communities in India. ENVIS & EMCBTAP-BSI, Ministry of Environment and Forests, Kolkata.
 Bentham, G. & Hooker, J. D. (1862-1883) Genera Plantarum, 1-3, London.
 Bhagwat, S.A. Willis, K.J. Birks, H.J.B. & Whitaker, R.J. (2008) Agroforestry: a refuge for tropical biodiversity? Trends Ecol. Evol., 23, 262-267.
 Champion, H.G. & Seth, S.K. (1968) A revised survey of the Forests Types of India. Manager of Publications, Government of India, New Delhi.
 Craighead, F.C. (1971) The trees of South Florida: The natural environments and their succession. University of Miami Press, Florida.
 Daily, G.C. Ehrlich, P.R. & Sanchez-Azofeifa, G.A. (2001) Countryside biogeography: Use of human-dominated habitats by the avifauna of Southern Costa Rica. Ecol. Appl., 11, 1-13.
 Defries, R. Hansen, A. Newton, A.C. & Hansen, M.C. (2005) Increasing isolation of protected areas in tropical forests over the past twenty years. Ecol. Appl., 15, 19-26.
 Gamble, J.S. & Fischer, C.E.C. (1957) Flora of the Presidency of Madras (1915-36), Reproduced ed., 1-3. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
 Jain, S.K. & Rao, R.R. (1977) A hand book of field and herbarium methods. Today and Tomorrow’s Printers & Publishers, New Delhi.
 Johnson, A.F. & Barbour, M.G. (1990) Dune and maritime forest. Ecosystems of Florida (eds R.L. Myers & J.J. Ewel). University of Central Florida, Florida.
 Karthikeyan, S. Sanjappa, M. & Moorthy, S. (2009) Flowering plants of India. Botanical Survey of India, Kolkata, India.
 Kohl, L.P. Dunn, R.R. Sodhi, N.S. Colwell, R.K. Proctor, H.C. & Smith, V.S. (2004) Species coextinctions and the biodiversity crisis. Science, 305, 1632-1634.
 Laurance, W.F. Lovejoy, J.E. Vasconcelos, H.L. Bruna, E.M. Didham, R.K. Stoufeer, P.C. Gascon, C. Bierregaard (Jr.), R.O. Laurance, S.S. & Sampaio, E. (2002) Ecosystem decay of Amazonian forest fragments: a 22 year investigation. Conserv. Biol., 16, 605-618.
 Martinez, M.L. & Psuty, N.P. (2004) Coastal dunes: ecology and conservation, Ecological Studies 171. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
 MoEF (1991) Declaration of coastal stretches as Coastal Regulatory Zone (CRZ) Notification. S.O.No. 114(E) 19 February 1991. Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, New Delhi.
 Nelson, G. (1994) The trees of Florida: A reference and field guide. Pine Apple Press, Florida.
 Pullaiah, T. (1997) Flora of Andhra Pradesh, Vol. III. Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur.
 Pullaiah, T. & Ali Moulali, D. (1997) Flora of Andhra Pradesh, Vol. II. Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur.
 Pullaiah, T. & Channaiah, E. (1997) Flora of Andhra Pradesh, Vol. I. Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur.
 Rao, R.S. & Hara Sreeramulu, S. (1986) Flora of Srikakulam District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Indian Botanical Society, Meerut.
 Rao, R.S., Venkanna, P. & Reddy, T. A. (1987) Flora of West Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Indian Botanical Society, Meerut.
 Rao, T.A. & Sastry, A.R.K. (1972) An ecological approach towards classification of coastal vegetation of India-1. Strand vegetation. Indian Forster, 98, 594-607.
 Rao, T.A. & Suresh, P.V. (2001) Coastal ecosystems of the Karnataka State, India-I. Mangroves. Karnataka Association for the Advancement of Sciences, Central College, Bangalore.
 Rodrigues, R.S. Mascarenhas, A. & Jagtap, T.G. (2011) An evaluation of flora from coastal sand dunes of India: Rationale for conservation and management. Ocean & Coastal Management, 54, 181-188.
 Roxburgh, W. (1795-1819) Plants of the coast of Coromandel, 1-3, Nicolson, London.
 Sahu, D. & Misra, M. K. (2010) Flora of sandy coast of Ganjam District, Orissa, India. J. Bombay Nat. hist. Soc., 107, 213-219.
 Schmid, J.L. Addison, D.S. Donnelly, M.A. Shirley, M.A. & Wibbels, T. (1993) The effect of Australian pine (Casuarina equisetifolia) removal on loggerhead turtle (Caretta caretta) incubation temperatures and Keewaydin Island, Florida. J. Coast. Res., 55, 214-220.
 Schwartz, M.L. (2005) Encyclopedia of Coastal Science. Springer, Dordrecht.
 Sridhar, K.R. (2009) Bioresources of coastal dand dune - are they neglected? Coastal Environments: Problems and Perspectives (eds K.S. Jayappa & A.C. Narayana), International Publishing House, New Delhi.
 Sidhu, S., Shankar Raman, T.R. & Goodale, E. (2010) Effects of plantations and home-gardens on tropical forest bird communities and mixed-species bird flocks in the southern Western Ghats. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 107, 91-108.
 Sodhi, N.S., Posa, M.R.C. Lee, T.M. & Warkentin I.G. (2008) Effects of disturbance and loss of tropical rainforest birds. The Auk., 125, 511-519.
 Venkaiah, M. (1980) Studies on the vegetation and flora of Vijayanagaram District. PhD Thesis, Andhra University, Waltair.
 Venkateswarlu, J. Murthy P.V.B. & Rao P.N. (1972) The flora of Visakhapatnam. Andhra Pradesh Academy of Sciences, Hyderabad.
 Venkateswarlu, V. (1944) The estuarine flora of Godavari. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc., 44, 431-435.
 Wight, R. (1850) Icones Plantarum Indiae Orientalis. American Press, Madras.
 Woodhouse, W.W. Jr. (1982) Coastal sand dunes of the U.S. In: Creation and restoration of coastal plant communities, (ed) R.R. Lewis III, CRC Press Inc., Florida.
 Wright, S.J. & Mullar-Ladau, H.C. (2006) The future of tropical forest species. Biotropica, 38, 287-301.