Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30169
Statistical Optimization of Process Conditions for Disinfection of Water Using Defatted Moringa oleifera Seed Extract

Authors: Suleyman A. Muyibi, Munirat, A. Idris, Saedi Jami, Parveen Jamal, Mohd Ismail Abdul Karim

Abstract:

In this study, statistical optimization design was used to study the optimum disinfection parameters using defatted crude Moringa oleifera seed extracts against Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacterial cells. The classical one-factor-at-a-time (OFAT) and response surface methodology (RSM) was used. The possible optimum range of dosage, contact time and mixing rate from the OFAT study were 25mg/l to 200mg/l, 30minutes to 240 minutes and 100rpm to 160rpm respectively. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) of the statistical optimization using faced centered central composite design showed that dosage, contact time and mixing rate were highly significant. The optimum disinfection range was 125mg/l, at contact time of 30 minutes with mixing rate of 120 rpm. 

Keywords: E.coli, disinfection, Moringa oleifera, response surface methodology.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1087832

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2098

References:


[1] Musikavong, C. and S. Wattanachira, Identification of dissolved organic matter in raw water supply from reservoirs and canals as precursors to trihalomethanes formation. Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part a-Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering, 2013. 48(7): p. 760-771.
[2] Simard, S., R. Tardif and M.J. Rodriguez, Variability of chlorination byproduct occurrence in water of indoor and outdoor swimming pools. Water Research, 2013. 47(5): p. 1763-1772.
[3] Zhang, K.J., N.Y. Gao, Y. Deng, T.Q. Zhang and C. Li, Aqueous chlorination of algal odorants: Reaction kinetics and formation of disinfection by-products. Separation and Purification Technology, 2012. 92: p. 93-99.
[4] Vongsak, B., P. Sithisarn, S. Mangmool, S. Thongpraditchote, Y. Wongkrajang and W. Gritsanapan, Maximizing total phenolics, total flavonoids contents and antioxidant activity of Moringa oleifera leaf extract by the appropriate extraction method. Industrial Crops and Products, 2013. 44: p. 566-571.
[5] Luqman, S., S. Srivastava, R. Kumar, A.K. Maurya and D. Chanda, Experimental Assessment of Moringa oleifera Leaf and Fruit for Its Antistress, Antioxidant, and Scavenging Potential Using In Vitro and In Vivo Assays. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med, 2012. 2012: p. 519084.
[6] Padla, E.P., L.T. Solis, R.M. Levida, C.C. Shen and C.Y. Ragasa, Antimicrobial isothiocyanates from the seeds of Moringa oleifera Lam. Z Naturforsch C, 2012. 67(11-12): p. 557-64.
[7] Abou-Elezz Fouad Mohammed, K., L. Sarmiento-Franco, R. Santos- Ricalde and J.F. Solorio-Sanchez, The nutritional effect of Moringa oleifera fresh leaves as feed supplement on Rhode Island Red hen egg production and quality. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 2012. 44(5): p. 1035-40.
[8] Posmontier, B., The medicinal qualities of Moringa oleifera. Holist Nurs Pract, 2011. 25(2): p. 80-7.
[9] Muyibi, S.A., Saad A. Abass, Megat Johari M. M. Noor and F.R. Ahmadun, Enhanced coagulation efficiency of moringa oleifera seeds through selective oil extraction. IIUM ENGINEERING JOURNAL, 2003. 4(1): p. 1-11.
[10] Luz, L.D., M.C. Silva, R.D. Ferreira, L.A. Santana, R.A. Silva-Lucca, R. Mentele, M.L. Oliva, P.M. Paiva and L.C. Coelho, Structural characterization of coagulant Moringa oleifera Lectin and its effect on hemostatic parameters. Int J Biol Macromol, 2013.
[11] Mohammad, T.A., E.H. Mohamed, M.J.M.M. Noor and A.H. Ghazali, Coagulation activity of spray dried salt extracted Moringa oleifera. Desalination and Water Treatment, 2013. 51(7-9): p. 1941-1946.
[12] Franco, M., G.K.E. Silva and J.E.S. Paterniani, Water Treatment by Multistage Filtration System with Natural Coagulant from Moringa Oleifera Seeds. Engenharia Agricola, 2012. 32(5): p. 988-996.
[13] Beltran-Heredia, J., J. Sanchez-Martin, A. Munoz-Serrano and J.A. Peres, Towards overcoming TOC increase in wastewater treated with Moringa oleifera seed extract. Chemical Engineering Journal, 2012. 188: p. 40-46.
[14] Ferreira, R.S., T.H. Napoleao, A.F. Santos, R.A. Sa, M.G. Carneiro-da- Cunha, M.M. Morais, R.A. Silva-Lucca, M.L. Oliva, L.C. Coelho and P.M. Paiva, Coagulant and antibacterial activities of the water-soluble seed lectin from Moringa oleifera. Letters in Applied Microbiology, 2011. 53(2): p. 186-92.
[15] Madrona, G.S., G.B. Serpelloni, A.M.S. Vieira, L. Nishi, K.C. Cardoso and R. Bergamasco, Study of the Effect of Saline Solution on the Extraction of the Moringa oleifera Seed's Active Component for Water Treatment. Water Air and Soil Pollution, 2010. 211(1-4): p. 409-415.
[16] Suarez, M., J.M. Entenza, C. Doerries, E. Meyer, L. Bourquin, J. Sutherland, I. Marison, P. Moreillon and N. Mermod, Expression of a plant-derived peptide harboring water-cleaning and antimicrobial activities. Biotechnol Bioeng, 2003. 81(1): p. 13-20.
[17] Oluduro, O.A., B.I. Aderiye, J.D. Connolly, E.T. Akintayo and O. Famurewa, Characterization and Antimicrobial Activity of 4-(beta-DGlucopyranosyl- 1 -> 4-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyloxy)-benzyl thiocarboxamide; a Novel Bioactive Compound from Moringa oleifera Seed Extract. Folia Microbiologica, 2010. 55(5): p. 422-426.
[18] Anwar, F., S. Latif, M. Ashraf and A.H. Gilani, Moringa oleifera: a food plant with multiple medicinal uses. Phytotherapy Research, 2007. 21(1): p. 17-25.
[19] Idris, A.M., S.A. Muyibi, M.A.k. Ismail, P. Jamal, M.H. Salleh and S. Jami, Investigating antibacterial activity of defatted moringa oleifera seed extract on selected gram-negative and gram-positive microbes. International journal of Academic Research, 2013. 5(1): p. 101-106.
[20] Viera, G.H., J.A. Mourao, A.M. Angelo, R.A. Costa and R.H. Vieira, Antibacterial effect (in vitro) of Moringa oleifera and Annona muricata against Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo, 2010. 52(3): p. 129-32.
[21] Bichi, M.H., J.C. Agunwamba and S.A. Muyibi, Optimization of operating conditions for the application of Moringa oleifera (zogale) seed extract in water disinfection using response surface methodology. African Journal of Biotechnology, 2012. 11(92): p. 15875-15887.
[22] Metcalf and Eddy, Wastewater Engineering: Treatment and Reuse. 4 ed. 2004, Singapore: McGraw Hill. 1818.
[23] Salihu, A., M.Z. Alam, M.I. AbdulKarim and H.M. Salleh, Effect of process parameters on lipase production by Candida cylindracea in stirred tank bioreactor using renewable palm oil mill effluent based medium. Journal of Molecular Catalysis B-Enzymatic, 2011. 72(3-4): p. 187-192.
[24] Salihu, A., M.Z. Alam, M.I. AbdulKarim and H.M. Salleh, Optimization of lipase production by Candida cylindracea in palm oil mill effluent based medium using statistical experimental design. Journal of Molecular Catalysis B-Enzymatic, 2011. 69(1-2): p. 66-73.