Niksic in the Context of Visual Urban Culture
Authors: Svetlana Perović
Out of all visual arts including: painting, sculpture, graphics, photography, architecture, and others, architecture is by far the most complex one, because the art category is only one of its determinants. Architecture, to some extent includes other arts which can significantly influence the shaping of an urban space (artistic interventions). These arts largely shape the visual culture in combination with other categories: film, TV, Internet, information technologies that are "changing the world" etc. In the area of architecture and urbanism, visual culture is achieved through the aspects of visual spatial effects. In this context, a complex visual deliberation about designing urban areas in order to contribute to the urban visual culture, and with it restore the cultural identity of the city, is becoming almost the primary concept of contemporary urban and architectural practice. Research in this paper relate to the city of Niksic and its place in the visual urban culture. We are looking at the city’s existing visual effects and determining the directions of transformability of its physical structure in order to achieve the visual realization of an urban area and the renewal of cultural identity of a modern city.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1087312Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1336
 K. Lynch, The image of the City. Cambridge : MA:MIT Press,1960.
 R . Arnheim, Visual Thinking. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969.
 R. Arnheim, The Dynamics of Architectural Form. United States,:University Presses of California, Columbia and Princeton, 1977.
 G. Cullen,Townscape. London: Architectural Press,1959.
 W. H. Ittelson, Visual Space Perception. New York: Springer,1960.
 A.Rossi , The Architecture of the City. Cambridge: The MIT Press,1966.
 P. D. Spreiregen, Urban design: The Architecture of Towns and Cities. New York:McGraw-Hill, 1965.
 D. Stea, “Environmental perception and cognition: Toward a Model for :Mental Maps”, in .,Humanscape: Environment for People., R.Kaplan, and S.Kaplan,Eds Boston: MIT Perss,1978.
 N. B. Winters, Architecture Is Elementary: Visual Thinking Through Architectural Concepts. Salt Lake City: Gibbs Smith Publishers,2000.
 B. Radojičić, Nikšićki kraj savremene regionalno- geografske transformacije. Nikšić : SIZ kulture i naučnih djelatnosti Opštine Nikšić,1982.
 R.Radović , Forma grada. Beograd : Orion art,; Novi Sad :Stylos. 2003.
 D. Crawford” Using remotely sensed data in landscape visual quality assessment”,.Lanscape and Urban Planning , vol.30,1994,pp.71- 81,1994.
 C .Boyer , The City of Collective Memory. Cambridge : MA: MIT Press,1994.
 N. Ellin, Postmodern Urbanism. Princeton Architectural Press,1999.
 N. V. Šoluh, and A.V. Altuhova ,”The anlysis of the visual environment of Donetsk City : Social, Psyhological, and Architectural aspects”, Modern industrial and civil construction,vol 4(4),pp. 191-197, 2008.
 L. Mumford, Grad u istoriji. Zagreb: Naprijed,1968.
 E. L. Bule, Arhitektura Esej o umjetnosti. Beograd: Grañevinska knjiga DOO,1999.
 O. Grgurević,”Od pojma slike grada do pojma opće slike krajolika”, Prostor, vol. 3-4,1994,cc. 285-290,1994.
 S.Carr, and all, Public Space. New York: Cambridge University Press. 1992.
 S. H. C. Lennard and H. Lennard, Public Life in Urban Places. N.Y. ,South Hampton: Gondolier Press,1984.
 S. Lennard , H. Crowhurst , and H. L. Lennard, “Urban space design and social life” .In Companion to Contemporary Architectural, B. Farmer, and L. Hentie,Eds .New York :Routledge Inc, 1993.
 C. C. Marcus, and C. Francis, People Places: Design Guidlines for Urban Open Space. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold,1990.
 H .Wooley ,Urban Open Spaces. London: Taylor & Francis, 2003.
 M. Hržić, “Percepcijski pristup oblikovanja grada u okviru procesa planiranja( Neobjavljena Doktorska disertacija)”, Zagreb,1999.
 R. Arnheim, Art and Visual Perception. London: Cambridge University Press,1954.
 J. J. Gibson, Perception of the visual world. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Company,1950.
 K. Koffka, Principles of Gestalt Psychology. New York: Harcourt- Brace&World, Inc., 1935.
 I. M. Mambretti, Urban Parks Between Safety and Aesthetics: Exploring Urban Green Space Using Visualisation and Conjoint Analysis Methods. ZuWrich : vdf Hochschulverlag AG an der ETH ZuWrich, 2011.
 E. Y. L. Do and M. D. Gross,” Tools for Visual and Spatial Analysis of CAD Models -implementing computer tools as a means to thinking about architecture”. In Futures, vol. 97, R. Junge,Ed. Munich: Kluwer,CAAD, 1997, pp. 189-202.