The Effects of Whole-Body Vibration Training on Jump Performance in Handball Athletes
This study examined the effects of eight weeks of whole-body vibration training (WBVT) on vertical and decuple jump performance in handball athletes. Sixteen collegiate Level I handball athletes volunteered for this study. They were divided equally as control group and experimental group (EG). During the period of the study, all athletes underwent the same handball specific training, but the EG received additional WBVT (amplitude: 2 mm, frequency: 20 - 40 Hz) three time per week for eight consecutive weeks. The vertical jump performance was evaluated according to the maximum height of squat jump (SJ) and countermovement jump (CMJ). Single factor ANCOVA was used to examine the differences in each parameter between the groups after training with the pretest values as a covariate. The statistic significance was set at p < .05. After 8 weeks WBVT, the EG had significantly improved the maximal height of SJ (40.92 ± 2.96 cm vs. 48.40 ± 4.70 cm, F = 5.14, p < .05) and the maximal height CMJ (47.25 ± 7.48 cm vs. 52.20 ± 6.25 cm, F = 5.31, p < .05). 8 weeks of additional WBVT could improve the vertical and decuple jump performance in handball athletes. Enhanced motor unit synchronization and firing rates, facilitated muscular contraction stretch-shortening cycle, and improved lower extremity neuromuscular coordination could account for these enhancements.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1087071Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1833
 Hatzimanouil D. and Oxizoglou N, ‘‘Evaluation of the morphological characteristics and motor skills in the national junior handball teams of Greece and Yugoslavia’’, Journal of Human Movement Studies, 46, 125-140 , 2004.
 Delecluse C, Roelants M and Verschueren S, ‘‘Strength increase after whole-body vibration compared with resistance training. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 35, 1033-1041, 2003.
 Ronglan LT, Raastad T and Borgesen A, ‘‘Neurmuscular fatigue and recovery in elite female handball players’’, Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 16, 267-273, 2006.
 Delecluse C, Roelants M and Verschueren S, ‘‘Strength increase after whole-body vibration compared with resistance training’’, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 35,1033-1041, 2003.
 Cardinale M and Bosco C, ‘‘The use of vibration as an exercise intervention’’, Exercise and Sport Science Review, 31,3-7, 2003.
 Schuhfried O, Mittermaier C, Jovanovic T, Pieber K and Paternostro-Sluga T, ‘‘Effects of whole body vibration training in patient with multiple sclerosis’’, Clinical Rehabilitation, 19,834-42, 2005.
 Van den Tillaar R, ‘‘Will whole body vibration training help increase the range of motion of hamstrings? ’’, Journal of Strength and Condition Research, 20,192-196, 2006.
 Caserotti P, Aagaard P, Simonsen EB and Puggaard L, ‘‘Contraction-specific differences in maximal muscle power during stretch-shortening cycle movements in elderly males and females’’, European Journal of Applied Physiology, 84, 206-212, 2001.
 Bosco C, Iacovelli M, Tsarpela O, Cardinale M, Bonifazi M, Tihanyi J. et al, ‘‘Hormonal responses to whole-body vibration in men’’, European Journal of Applied Physiology , 81, 449-54, 2000.
 Torvinen S, Sievänen H, Järvinen TA, Pasanen M, Kontulainen S and Kannus P, ‘‘Effect of 4-min vertical whole body vibration on muscle performance and body balance: a randomized cross-over study’’, International Journal of Sports Medicine, 23, 374-379, 2002.
 Torvinen S, Kannu P, Sievänen H, Järvinen TA, Pasanen M, Kontulainen S, et al, ‘‘Effect of a vibration exposure on muscular performance and body balance. Randomized cross-over study’’, Clinical Physiology Functional Imaging, 22, 145-152, 2002.
 Torvinen S, Kannus P, Sievänen H, Järvinen TA, Pasanen M, Kontulainen S et al., ‘‘Effect of four-month vertical whole body vibration on performance and balance’’, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 34, 1523-1528, 2002.
 Luo J, McNamara B and Moran K, ‘‘ The use of vibration training to enhance muscle strength and power’’, Sports Medicine, 35, 2005, 23-41.
 Roll JP, Vedel JP and Ribot E, ‘‘Alteration of proprioceptive messages induced by tendon vibration in man: a microneurographic study. Experimental Brain Research, 76, 213-222, 1989.
 Cardinale M and Lim J, ‘‘The acute effects of two different whole body vibration frequencies on vertical jump performance’’, Medicine and Sport, 56, 287-292, 2003.
 Komi PV, ‘‘Stretch-shortening cycle: a powerful model to study normal and fatigued muscle’’, Journal of Biomechanics, 33, 1197-1206, 2000.
 Rothmuller C and Cafarelli E, ‘‘Effect of vibration on antagonist muscle coactivation during progressive fatigue in humans’’, Journal of Physiology, 485, 857-864, 1995.
 Rittweger J, Just K, Kautzsch K, Reeg P and Felsenberg D, ‘‘Treatment of chronic lower back pain with lumbar extension and whole-body vibration exercise: a randomized controlled trial’’, Spine, 27, 1829-1834, 2002.
 Roelants M, Delecluse C and Verschueren S, ‘‘Whole body vibration training increases knee-extension strength and speed of movement in older women’’, Journal of American Geriatrics Society, 52, 901-908, 2004.