Multi-Objective Analysis of Cost and Social Benefits in Rural Road Networks
This paper presents a multi-objective model for addressing two main objectives in designing rural roads networks: minimization of user operation costs and maximization of population covered. As limited budgets often exist, a reasonable trade-off must be obtained in order to account for both cost and social benefits in this type of networks. For a real-world rural road network, the model is solved, where all non-dominated solutions were obtained. Afterwards, an analysis is made on the (possibly) most interesting solutions (the ones providing better trade-offs). This analysis, coupled with the knowledge of the real world scenario (typically provided by decision makers) provides a suitable method for the evaluation of road networks in rural areas of developing countries.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1086961Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1487
 M. P. Scaparra, and R. L. Church,. “A GRASP and Path Relinking Heuristic for Rural Road Network Development,” Journal of Heuristics, vol. 11-1, pp. 89-108, 2005.
 A. Antunes, A. Seco, and N. Pinto, “An accessibility maximization approach to road network planning,” Computer Aided Civ. Infrastruct. Eng., vol. 18-3, pp. 224–240, 2003.
 C. M.Feng and J. Y. Wu, “Highway investment planning model for equity issues,” J. Urban Plann. Dev., vol. 129-3, pp. 161–176, 2003.
 Q. Meng, and H. Yang, “Benefit distribution and equity in road network design,” Transportation Research Part B-Methodological, vol. 36-1, pp. 19–35, 2002.
 H. K. Lo and Y. K. Tung, "Network with Degradable Links: Capacity Analysis and Design," Transportation Research Part B-Methodological, vol. 37-4, pp. 345-363, 2003.
 S. V. Ukkusuri, T. V. Mathew, and S. T. Waller, “Robust transportation network design under demand uncertainty,” Comput. Aided Civ. Infrastruct. Eng., vol. 22-1, pp. 6–18, 2007.
 J.K. Shrestha, A. Benta, R.B. Lopes, N. Lopes, and C. Ferreira, “A numerical model for rural road network optimization in hilly terrains,” in Proc. First ECCOMAS Young Investigators Conference (YIC2012), University of Aveiro, Portugal, 2012.
 S. Heng, Y. Hirobata, and H. Nakanishi, “An integrated model of rural road network design and multi public facility locations in developing countries,” in Proc. Conference on Infrastructure Planning Committee, Japan Society of Civil Engineers, vol. 34, 2006.
 R.M. Soland, “Multicriteria optimization: a general characterization of efficient solutions,” Decision Sciences, vol. 10- 1, pp. 26-38, 1979.
 A. Kumar and H. T. Tilloston, “A planning model for rural roads in India,” in Proc., Seminar on roads and road transport in rural areas, Central Road Research Institute, New Delhi, 1985.
 Tech Studio of Engineering, Preparation of Detailed Project Report of Mid Hill Highway Project, Department of Roads, Ministry of Physical Planning, Government of Nepal, 2011.