Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30077
A High-Frequency Low-Power Low-Pass-Filter-Based All-Current-Mirror Sinusoidal Quadrature Oscillator
Abstract:A high-frequency low-power sinusoidal quadrature oscillator is presented through the use of two 2nd-order low-pass current-mirror (CM)-based filters, a 1st-order CM low-pass filter and a CM bilinear transfer function. The technique is relatively simple based on (i) inherent time constants of current mirrors, i.e. the internal capacitances and the transconductance of a diode-connected NMOS, (ii) a simple negative resistance RN formed by a resistor load RL of a current mirror. Neither external capacitances nor inductances are required. As a particular example, a 1.9-GHz, 0.45-mW, 2-V CMOS low-pass-filter-based all-current-mirror sinusoidal quadrature oscillator is demonstrated. The oscillation frequency (f0) is 1.9 GHz and is current-tunable over a range of 370 MHz or 21.6 %. The power consumption is at approximately 0.45 mW. The amplitude matching and the quadrature phase matching are better than 0.05 dB and 0.15°, respectively. Total harmonic distortions (THD) are less than 0.3 %. At 2 MHz offset from the 1.9 GHz, the carrier to noise ratio (CNR) is 90.01 dBc/Hz whilst the figure of merit called a normalized carrier-to-noise ratio (CNRnorm) is 153.03 dBc/Hz. The ratio of the oscillation frequency (f0) to the unity-gain frequency (fT) of a transistor is 0.25. Comparisons to other approaches are also included.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1327808Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1671
 J. Fenk, "Highly Integrated RF-IC-s for GSM and DECT Systems-A Status Review," IEEE Transaction on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 45 (12), pp. 2531-2539, 1997.
 B. Razavi, "Design Considerations for Direct-Conversion Receivers," IEEE Transaction on Circuits and System-II, vol. 44, pp. 428-435, 1997.
 A. Parssinen, Direct Conversion Receivers in Wide-Band Systems, Klumer Academic Plublishers, 2001.
 F. Gatta, D. Manstretta, P. Rossi, and F. Svelto, "A Fully Integrated 0.18-╬╝m CMOS Direct Conversion Receiver Front-End with On-Chip LO for UMTS," IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, vol. 39(1), pp. 15- 23, 2004.
 J.B. Hughes, A. Spencer, A. Worapishet, and R. Sitdhikorn, "1 mW CMOS Polyphase Channel Filter for Bluetooth," IEE Proc.-Circuits Devices Syst., vol. 149 (5/6), pp. 348-354, 2002.
 D.A. Johns, and K. Martin, Analog Integrated Circuit Design, (New York: John Wiley & Sons), 1997.
 A. Sedra, and K.C. Smith, Microelectronic Circuits, 4th edn., (New York: Oxford University Press), 1998, pp. 984-986 and 441-444.
 B. Srisuchinwong, "Fully balanced current-tunable sinusoidal quadrature oscillator," International Journal of Electronics, vol. 87, pp. 547-556, 2000.
 K. Kumwachara, and W. Surakampontorn, "An Integrable Temperature- Insensitive gm-RC Quadrature Oscillator," International Journal of Electronics, vol. 90 (9), pp. 599-605, 2003.
 C. Cakir, U. Cam, and O. Cicekoglu, "Novel Allpass Filter Configuration Employing Single OTRA," IEEE Transaction on Circuits and System-II: Express Briefs, vol. 52 (3), pp. 122-125, 2005.
 J.W. Horng, H.P. Chou and I.C. Shiu, "Current-mode and Voltage-Mode Quadrature Oscillator Employing Multiple Outputs CCIIs and Grounded Capacitors," Proceeding of the 2006 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, May 2006.
 S. Pookaiyaudom and K. Samootrut, "Current-Mirror Phase-Shifter Oscillator," Electronics Letters, vol. 23, pp. 21-23, 1987.
 S. Pookaiyaudom and R. Sitdhikorn: "Current-Differencing Band-Pass Filter Realization with Application to High-Frequency Electronically Tunable Low-Supply-Voltage Current-Mirror-Only Oscillator," IEEE Transaction on Circuits and System-II, vol. 43, no. 12, pp.832-835, 1996.
 S. Pookaiyaudom and J. Mahattanakul, "A 3.3 volt high-frequency capacitorless electronically-tunable log-domain oscillator," Proceeding of the 1995 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, vol. 2, pp. 829-832, 1995.
 A. Leelasantitham and B. Srisuchinwong, "A low-power, highfrequency, all-NMOS all-current-mirror sinusoidal quadrature oscillator," Microelectronics Journal, vol. 35, pp. 713-721, 2004.
 B. Razavi, "A 1.8 GHz CMOS Voltage-Controlled Oscillator," Proceedings of the 1997 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference, pp. 388-389, 1997.
 H.-S. Kao and C.-Y. Wu, "A Compact CMOS 2V Low-Power Direct- Conversion Quadrature Modulator Merge with Quadrature Voltage- Controlled Oscillator and RF Amplifier for 1.9GHz RF Transmitter Applications," Proceedings of the 2000 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, vol. 4, pp. 765-768, 2000.
 P. Andreani, "A Low-Phase-Noise Low-Phase-Error 1.8GHz Quadrature CMOS VCO," Proceedings of the 2002 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference, vol. 2, pp. 228-229, 2002.
 S.B. Anand and B. Razavi, "A CMOS Clock Recovery Circuit for 2.5- Gb/s NRZ Data," IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, vol. 36 (3), pp. 432-439, 2001.
 D.P. Bautista and M.L. Aranda, "A Low Power and High Speed CMOS Voltage-Controlled Ring Oscillator," Proceeding of the 2004 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, vol. 4, pp. 752-755, 2004.
 J. van der Tang and D. Kasperkovitz, "A 0.9-2.2GHz Monolithic Quadrature Mixer Oscillator for Direct-Conversion Satellite Receivers," Proceedings of the 1997 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference, vol. 40, pp. 88-89, 1997.
 S. Finocchiaro, G. Palmisano, R. Salerno and C. Sclafani, "Design of Bipolar RF Ring Oscillators," Proceedings of the 6th IEEE International Conference on Electronics, Circuits and Systems (ICECS-99), vol. 1, pp. 5-8, 1999.
 W. Sansen, J.H. Huijsing and R.J. van de Plassche (Eds.), Analog Circuit Design, Klumer Academic Publishers, 1999, pp. 353-381.