N. A. Nazarbayev and Peculiar Features of Ethnic Language Processes in Kazakhstan
The report focuses on such an important indicator of the nature and direction of development of ethnic and cultural processes in the Republic of Kazakhstan, as ethno linguistic situation. It is shown that, in essence, on the one hand, expresses the degree of the actual propagation and the level of use of the languages of the various ethnic communities. On the other hand, reflects the important patterns, trends and prospects of ethno-cultural and ethnodemographic processes in the Republic. It is important to note that the ethno linguistic situation in different regions of Kazakhstan, due to its more dynamic and much more difficult to demonstrate a much greater variety of options when compared with the ethnic situation in the country. For the two major ethnic groups of the republic – Kazakh and Russian language ethno differentiating retains its value, while for the other ethnic groups observed decline in the importance of this indicator. As you know, the language of international communication in the country is Russian. As the censuses of population, the Russian language in many areas of Northern, Central and Eastern Kazakhstan becomes a means of ethno linguistic development for most of the non-Russian population. This is most clearly illustrated by the Germans, and the Slavic ethnic groups. In this case, the Russian language is not just a means of international communication for a number of ethnic groups, and ethnic groups, it becomes a factor of ethnic self-expression. The value of the Kazakh language as their mother tongue for the other groups of the population is small. More clearly it can be traced only to the Turkic-speaking population of the republic – Uzbeks, Uighurs, Tatars, Turks, etc. The state Kazakh language is a means of international communication in the Western and Southern Kazakhstan, with a predominance of the Kazakh population. The report shows that the most important factor in the development of ethno-linguistic and ethno-cultural processes is bilingualism. Comparative analysis of materials census shows, first, on the increase of the proportion of bilingual population among Kazakhs and Russian, and second, to reduce the proportion of bilingual population of other ethnic groups living in Kazakhstan, and third, a higher proportion bilingual population among residents than rural residents, regardless of their ethnicity. Bilingualism is mainly of a "national Kazakh", "national Russian" or "Kazakh-national" or "Russian-national" character. The President N.A. Nazarbayev said that the Kazakh language is the most important factor in the consolidation of the people of Kazakhstan. He therefore called on government and other state and local representative bodies fully develop the state language, to create all the necessary organizational, material and technical conditions for free and open learning the state language by all citizens of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1335534Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2220
 Pirimbetova M. On the issues of language and ethnic culture in Kazakhstan // Materials of International research and practice conference “Kazakhstan: on the path of unity and diversity”. - Almaty, 2009. - pp. 286-287
 Zhanakova N. History of language in Kazakhstan. - Almaty, 2006. - pp. 164-1653.
 Narmatov S., Musatov S. Kazakhstan national idea: meaning, purpose, development process. - Astana, 2002. - pp. 69-714.
 Collection of speeches of N.A. Nazarbayev at 1-10 sessions of the Assembly of Nations of Kazakhstan. - Astana, 2005. - pp. 19-21
 Address of N.A. Nazarbayev to the people of Kazakhstan – “Kazakhstan-2050 Strategy”: new line of policy of an established state”. 14.12.12 / / www.akorda.kz
 Ethnic composition, religion and language skills in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Results of the National Census in 2009 in the Republic of Kazakhstan. - Astana, 2011. - pp. 258-261.
 Umbetov Zh. Knowledge of the state language - the duty of every person; ignorance – lack of civic consciousness // Til. - 2012. - № 5-6 (42). - pp. 38-39
 Habirov G. Native language - the root, the fate of our independence / / Til. - 2012. - № 4 (41). - pp. 30-316.
 Elshibaeva L. Linguistic capital of Kazakhstan People: Abstract of thesis of candidate of science in linguistics.... - Ust-Kamenogorsk, 2012.
 Nazarbayev N.A. Question of the state language - the question of national importance, which is closely associated with patriotism. // Ana tili. - 2006. - № 44 (829). - 3b.