Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30169
The Impacts of Off-Campus Students on Local Neighbourhood in Malaysia
Abstract:The impacts of near-campus student housing, or offcampus students accommodation cannot be ignored by the universities and as well as the community officials. Numerous scholarly studies, have highlighted the substantial economic impacts either; direct, indirect or induced, and cumulatively the roles of the universities have significantly contributed to the local economies. The issue of the impacts of off-campus student rental housing on neighbourhoods is one that has been of long-standing but increasing concern in Malaysia. Statistically, in Malaysia, there was approximately a total of 1.2 - 1.5 million students in 2009. By the year 2015, it is expected that 50 per cent of 18 to 30 year olds active population should gain access to university education, amounting to 120,000 yearly. The objectives of the research are to assess the impacts off-campus students on the local neighbourhood and specifically to obtain information on the living and learning conditions of off-campus students of Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam, Malaysia. It is also to isolate those factors that may impede the successful learning so that priority can be given to them in subsequent policy implementations and actions by government and the higher education institutions.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1086143Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 3974
 Davidson, W.B. & Cotter, P.R. (1991) "The relationship between sense of community and subjective well being", A first look. Journal of community Psychology, 19, 246-253).
 Chavis, D. M., & Wandersman, A. (1990) "Sense of community in the urban environment: a catalyst for participation and community development", American Journal of Community Psychology 18(1), 55- 81.
 Martinez, M.L., Black. M., & Starr, R.H. (2002) "Factorial structure of the Perceived Neighbourhood Scale (OPNS): A test of longitudinal variance", Journal of Community Psychology, 30(1), 23-43.
 Farrell, S .J., Aubry, T., & Coulombe, D. (2004) "Neighbourhoods and neighbours: Do they contribute to personal wellbeing?" Journal of Community Psychology, 32(1), 9-25.
 Prezza, M.P., Amici, M., Roberti, T., Tedeschi, G. (2001) "Sense of community referred to the whole town: Its relation with loneliness, life satisfaction and area of residence", Journal of Community Psychology, 29(1), 29-52.
 Sampson, R. J., & Lauritsen, J. L. (1994) "Violent victimization and offending: Individual-, situational-, and community-level risk factors", in A. J. Reiss Jr., & J. Roth (Eds.), Understanding and preventing violence: Social Influences (Vol. 3, pp. 1-114). Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
 Smith D.P. (2006) "Studentification-: a guide to opportunities, challenges and practice", London: Universities UK Management Guidelines.
 Sonn, C.C. (2002) ÔÇÿ-Immigrant adaptation. Understanding the process through sense of community", in A.T. Fisher, C.C. Sonn, & B.J. Bishop. (Eds). Psychological sense of community: Research, applications and implications, (pp. 205-222). New York: Plenum Publishers.
 Thomas L. Gebhardt, MA; Kimberly Kaphingst, MS; William DeJong, Ph (2000) "A Campus-community Coalition to Control Alcohol-related Problems Off Campus: An Environmental Management Case Study", Journal of American College Health (Vol 48, Number 5, pp. 211-214).
 Steinacker A. (2005) "The Economic Effect of Urban Colleges on their Surrounding Communities", Urban Studies, (Vol 42, No 7, 1161- 1175).
 Hubbard P. (2009) "Geographies of studentification and purpose-built student accommodation: leading separate lives?" Journal Environment and Planning A. (Vol 41 pp. 1903-1923), London: Pion Ltd.
 Smith D.P. (2007) "The vulnerability of student populations and a new - wave of ÔÇÿstudentification", The Fourth International Conference on Population Geographies.UK: University of Brighton.
 Hubbard P. (2008) "Regulating the social impacts of studentification: a Loughborough case study", Evironment and Planning, (Vol 40 pp. 323-341).
 Pike G.R. (2009) "The Differential Effects of On- and Off- Campus Living Arrangements on Students- Openness to Diversity", (Vol 46 Iss. 4), Indianapolis, Indiana University-Purdue University.
 University of Vermont (2011) "The Center for Student Ethics & Standards. Statement of Expectation for Off-Campus Students", United States.
 Krejcie, R. and Morgan, D. (1970). Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 30, 607-610.