Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30184
Evaluation of the Energy Consumption per Bit inBENES Optical Packet Switch
Abstract:We evaluate the average energy consumption per bit in Optical Packet Switches equipped with BENES switching fabric realized in Semiconductor Optical Amplifier (SOA) technology. We also study the impact that the Amplifier Spontaneous Emission (ASE) noise generated by a transmission system has on the power consumption of the BENES switches due to the gain saturation of the SOAs used to realize the switching fabric. As a matter of example for 32×32 switches supporting 64 wavelengths and offered traffic equal to 0,8, the average energy consumption per bit is 2, 34 · 10-1 nJ/bit and increases if ASE noise introduced by the transmission systems is increased.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1085886Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1057
 R.S. Tucker, Green Optical Communications-Part II: Energy Limitations in Networks, IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, March/April 2011.
 R.S. Tucker, Optical Packet Switching: A Reality Check, Optical Switching and Networking, vol. 5, pp 2-9, March/April 2007.
 S. Aleksic, Analysis of Power in Future High.Capacity Network Nodes, IEEE/OSA Journal of Communications and Networking, vol. 1, pp. 245- 258, August 2009.
 S. Aleksic, Power Consumption Issues in Future High-Performance Switches and Routers, ICTON 2008, Athens, Greece, June 2008.
 S. Aleksic, N. Fehatovic, Requirements and Limitations of Optical Interconnects for High-Capacity Network Elements, ICTON 2010, Munich, Germany, June 2010.
 J. Gripp, M. Duelk, J. Simsarian, S. Chandrasekhar, P. Bernasconi, A. Bhardway, Y. Su, K. Sherman, L. Buhl, E. Laskowski, M. Capuzzo, L. Stulz, M. Zirngibl, O. Laznicka, T. Link, O. Mayer, M. Berger, Demonstration of a 1.2 Tb/s Optical Packet Switch Fabric (32┬À40) based on 40 Gb/s burst-mode clock-data-recovery, fast tunable lasers and a high-performance N ┬À N AWG, 27th European Conference on Optical Communication, Amsterdam, Holland, September 2001.
 S.J.B. Yoo, Optical Packet and Burst Switching Technologies for the Future Photonic Internet, IEEE/OSA Journal Lightwave of Technology, vol. 24, pp. 4468-4492, December 2006.
 O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, A. Shacham, B.A. Small, B.G. lee, H. Wang, C.P. Lai, A. Biberman, K. Bergman, The Data Vortex Optical Packet Switched Interconnection Network, IEEE/OSA Journal Lightwave of Technology, vol. 26, pp. 1777-1789, July 2008.
 V. Eramo, M. Listanti, Power Consumption in Bufferless Optical Packet Switches in SOA Technology, IEEE/OSA Journal of Communications and Networking, vol. 1, pp B15-B29 August 2009.
 V.E. Benes, Mathematical Theory of Connecting Networks, New York: Academic, 1965.
 K. Hinton, G. Rakutti, P. Farrel, R.S. Tucker, Switching Energy and Device Size Limits on Digital Photonic Signal Processing Technologies, IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, vol. 14, pp. 938-945, May/June 2008.
 G. Jeong, J.W. Goodman, Gain Optimization in Switches Based on Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers, IEEE/OSA Journal Lightwave of Technology, vol. 13, pp. 598-605, April 1995.
 R.F. Kalman, L.G. Kazovsky, J.W: Goodman, Space Division Switches Based on Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers, IEEE Photonic Technology Letters, vol. 4, pp. 1048-1051, September 1992
 A. Ehrhardt, M. Eiselt, G. Groβkopf, L. Kuller, R. ludwig, W. Pieper, R. Schnabel and H. Weber, Semiconductor Laser Amplifier as Optical Switching Gate, IEEE/OSA Journal Lightwave of Technology, vol. 11, pp. 1287-1295, August 1993.
 V. Eramo, Effect of ASE noise on the Power Consumption of MVMC and BENES Optical Packet Switches, IEEE/OSA Journal of Communications and Networking, submitted to publication.
 C.H. Henry, Theory of Spontaneous Emission Noise in Open Resonators and its Applications to Laser and Optical Amplifier, IEEE/OSA Journal Lightwave of Technology, vol. 4, pp. 288-297, April 1986.
 V. Eramo, Comparison in Power Consumption of Synchronous and Asynchronous Optical Packet Switches, IEEE/OSA Journal Lightwave of Technology, vol. 28, pp. 847-857, March 2010.
 Y. Ueno, J. Sakaguchi, R. Nakamoto, T. Nishida, Ultrafast, low-energyconsumption, semiconductor-based, all-optical devices, 4-th Asia- Pacific Photonics Conference (APMP 2009), Bejing, China, April 2009.
 R.S. Tucker, Green Optical Communications-Part I: Energy Limitations in Transport, IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, March/April 2011.
 V. Eramo, M. Listanti, C. Nuzman, P. Whiting, Optical Switch Dimensioning and the Classical Occupancy Problem, International Journal Communications Systems, vol. 15, pp. 127-141, March/April 2002.