Adsorption Capacities of Activated Carbons Prepared from Bamboo by KOH Activation
The production of activated carbon from low or zero cost of agricultural by-products or wastes has received great attention from academics and practitioners due to its economic and environmental benefits. In the production of bamboo furniture, a significant amount of bamboo waste is inevitably generated. Therefore, this research aimed to prepare activated carbons from bamboo furniture waste by chemical (KOH) activation and determine their properties and adsorption capacities for water treatment. The influence of carbonization time on the properties and adsorption capacities of activated carbons was also investigated. The finding showed that the bamboo-derived activated carbons had microporous characteristics. They exhibited high tendency for the reduction of impurities present in effluent water. Their adsorption capacities were comparable to the adsorption capacity of a commercial activated carbon regarding to the reduction in COD, TDS and turbidity of the effluent water.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1055445Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 4167
 I. H. Aljundi and N. Jarrah, "A study of characteristics of activated carbon produced from Jordanian olive cake," J. Anal. Appl. Pyrol., vol. 81, pp. 33-36, 2008.
 M. Valix, W. H. Cheung, and G. McKay, "Preparation of activated carbon using low temperature carbonisation and physical activation of high ash raw bagasse for acid dye adsorption," Chemosphere, vol. 56, pp. 493-501, 2004.
 I. A. W. Tan, A. L. Ahmad, and B. H. Hameed, "Adsorption of basic dye on high-surface-area activated carbon prepared from coconut husk: Equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic studies," J. Hazard. Mater., vol. 154, pp. 337-346, 2008.
 S. Sumathi, S. Bhatia, K. T. Lee, and A. R. Mohamed, "Optimization of microporous palm shell activated carbon production for flue gas desulphurization: experimental and statistical studies," Bioresour. Technol., vol. 100, pp. 1614-1621, 2009.
 C. Moreno-Castilla, F. Carrasco-Mar├¡n, M. V. L├│pez-Ram├│n, and M. A. Alvarez-Merino, "Chemical and physical activation of olive-mill waste water to produce activated carbons," Carbon, vol. 39, pp. 1415-1420, 2001.
 F. C. Wu, R. L. Tseng, and C. C. Hu, "Comparisons of pore properties and adsorption performance of KOH-activated and steam-activated carbons," Microporous Mesoporous Mater., vol. 80, pp. 95-106, 2005.
 J. Hayashi, A. Kazehaya, K. Muroyama, and A. P. Watkinson, "Preparation of activated carbon from lignin by chemical activation," Carbon, vol. 38, pp. 1873-1878, 2000.
 K. K. H. Choy, J. P. Barford, and G. McKay, "Production of activated carbon from bamboo scaffolding waste - process design, evaluation and sensitivity analysis," Chem. Eng. J., vol. 109, pp. 147-165, 2005.
 E. L. K. Mui, W. H. Cheung, M. Valix, and G. McKay, "Activated carbons from bamboo scaffolding using acid activation," Sep. Purif. Technol., vol. 74, pp. 213-218, 2010.
 L. G. Wang and G. B. Yan, "Adsorptive removal of direct yellow 161dye from aqueous solution using bamboo charcoals activated with different chemicals," Desalination, 2011. In Press. doi:10.1016/j.desal.2011.01.082.
 A. Ahmadpour and D. D. Do, "The preparation of active carbons from coal by chemical and physical activation," Carbon, vol. 34, No. 4, pp. 471-479, 1996.
 Z. Hu and E. F. Vansant, "Synthesis and characterization of a controlledmicropore- size carbonaceous adsorbent produced from walnut shell," Microporous Mater., vol. 3, pp. 603-612, 1995.
 R. Malik, D. S. Ramteke, and S. R. Wate, "Adsorption of malachite green on groundnut shell waste based powdered activated carbon," Waste Manag., vol. 27, pp. 1129-1138, 2007.
 S. Yenisoy-Karaka┼ƒ, A. Ayg├╝n, M. G├╝ne┼ƒ, and E. Tahtasakal, "Physical and chemical characteristics of polymer-based spherical activated carbon and its ability to adsorb organics," Carbon, vol. 42 pp. 477-484, 2004.
 B. H. Hameed, A. T. M. Din, and A. L. Ahmad, "Adsorption of methylene blue onto bamboo-based activated carbon: kinetics and equilibrium studies," J. Hazard. Mater., vol. 141, pp. 819-825, 2007.
 L. S. Chan, W. H. Cheung, and G. McKay, "Adsorption of acid dyes by bamboo derived activated carbon," Desalination, vol. 218, pp. 304-312, 2008.
 A. A. Ahmad and B. H. Hameed, "Reduction of COD and color of dyeing effluent from a cotton textile mill by adsorption onto bamboobased activated carbon," J. Hazard. Mater., vol. 172, pp. 1538-1543, 2009.