Microbiological Contamination of Outdoor Air in Marine Durres's Harbour, Albania
Microbial air contamination of the outdoor air in Marine Durres-s Harbour (Durres, Albania) was estimated by sedimentation technique in August-October 2008. The sampling areas were: Ferry Terminal (FT), Fishery Harbor (FH), East Zone (EZ), Fuel Quay (FQ) and Apollonian Beach (AB). The aim of this study was to measure the number of aerobic plate count (mesophilic aerobic bacteria) and fungi (yeasts and molds) in the outdoor air in these areas. The number of colonies that were formed determines the number of cells at the moment in the outdoor air; respectively the number of mesophilic aerobic bacteria and yeasts and molds. The measure of bacteria and fungi used is CFU (Colony Forming Units) per Petri dish. It is said that marine harbours are very polluted areas. The aim of study was the definition of mesophilic aerobic bacteria and yeasts and molds number, and the comparison of microorganisms number in air sampling areas.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1085485Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2253
 Dowd S.C., Maier R. M. Aeromicrobiology. In: Environmental Microbiology, R. M Maier., I. L Pepper., C.P Gerba. (ed.), Academic Press, San Diego 1999
 Gutarowska B., Jakubowska A. The estimation of moulds air pollution in university settings. In: Problems of indoor air quality in PolandÔÇÿ2001, 103-112, ed. T. J─Ödrzejewska-Ścibak, J. Sowa, Publishing House of Warsaw University of Technology. Warsaw 2001, (In Polish);
 D-Amato G., Liccardi G., Russo M., D-Amato M. On the interrelationship between outdoor air pollution and respiratory allergy. Aerobiologia 16, 1, 2000
 Madigan, M.T., Martinko J. M., Parker, J., Brock, Biology of Microorganism, Eighth Edition, U.S.A., 1996, ISBN 0-13-520875-0, http:// prenhall.com; pp.911-12,930-31, 946, 982-84, 786-96
 Kurup V. P., Shen H. D., Vijah H. Immunobiology of Fungal Allergens. Int. Arch. Allergy Immunol. 129, 181, 2002
 Wong G. W. K., Lai C.K.W. Outdoor air pollution and asthma. Curr. Opin. Pulm. Med. 10(1), 62, 2004.
 Corden J.M., Stepalska D., Stach A,. Milington W. M., Jackson F.A., Myszkowska D., Jozefiak M., . Sensational variation in Alternaria spores concentration in three European cities, Derby, UK, Cracow and Poznan, Pl (1995-2002). TESA Third European Symposium on Aerobiology, Proceedings 19, 2003
 Akerman M., Valentine-Maher S., Rao M., Taningco G., Khan P., Tuysugoglu G., Joks R., Allergen Sensitivity and Asthma Severity at an Inner City Asthma Center. J. Asthma 40(1), 55, 2003
 Mitakakis T., O-Meara T.J., Tovey E.R. The effect of sunlight on allergen release from spores of the fungus Alternaria. Grana 42, 43, 2003
 Mitakakis T., Clift A., McGee P.A. The effect of local cropping activities and weather on the airborne concentration of allergenic Alternaria spores in rural Australia. Grana 40, 230, 2001
 Lin W. H., Li C.S. Association of Fungal Aerosols, Air Pollutants, and Meteorological Factors. Aerosol Science and Technology 32, 359, 2000
 Flannigan B. Microbial Aerosols in Buildings: Origins, Health Implications and Controls. Proceedings of the III International Scientific Conference: Microbial Biodegradation and Biodeterioration of Technical Materials, 11-27, Ł├│d┼║, Poland, 2001
 California Air Resources Board. Diesel Risk Reduction Plan, Oct 2000
 Pandya, R.J., Solomon, G.M., Kinner, A., Balmes, J.R.: "Diesel exhaust and asthma: Hypotheses and molecular mechanisms of action." Environ Health Perspect 110 (Suppl 1): 103-112, 2002
 Karwowska E. Microbiological Air Contamination in Some Educational Settings. Polish J. Environ. Studies 12(2), 181, 2003
 Rojas T.I, Martinez E., Gomez Y., Alvarado Y. Airborne spores of Aspergillus species in cultural institutions at Havana University. Grana 41, 190, 2002.
 www.apdurres.com.al Autoriteti Portual
 Sveum, W. H.; Moberg, L.J.; Rude, R.; Frank, J. F. Microbiological monitoring of the food processing environment. In: Vanderzant, C.; Splittstoeser , D.F. (eds). Compendium of Methods for the Microbiological Examination of Foods. 3rd APHA, Chapter: 3, 1992, p. 51-75
 USP 23-NF 18. The United States Pharmacopeial Convention, Inc. Microbiological evaluation of clean rooms and other controlled environments. Pharmacopeial Forum 1997; 23: 5269-5295
 Hysko M., Manual of Microbiology, SHBLU Publishing Company, Tirana 2007, ISBN 99927-996-1-7; pp. 93-106; 240-241 (In Albanian)
 Whyte W. Sterility assurance and models for assessing bacterial contamination. J Parenter Sc Technol 1995; 40: 188-197
 European Good Manufacturing Practices (EU GMP). Guide to Manufacture of Sterile Medicinal Products, 1997.
 Ren, T., J.,; Frank, F., J., Measurement of airborne contamination in two commercial ice cream plants, J. Food Protect., 55; 43-47; 1992b.
 Koni M.; Biostatistic, SHBLU Publishing Company, Tirana 2005; ISBN: 99927-845-8-X, pp.36-50,155-200
 Strum, Robert D., and Donald E. Kirk, First Principles of Discrete Systems and Digital Signal Processing, reading, Mass,: Addison-wesley Publishing Company,1988
 Heldman, D.R. Factors influencing air-borne contamination of foods: A. Review, J. Food Sci., 39: 962-969, 1974
 Koneman, E. W., Allen, S. D., Janda, W. M., Schreckenberger, P. C., & Winn, W. C. (1997). Color atlas and textbook of diagnostic microbiology (1395 pp., 5th edn.) Philadelphia, New York: Lippincott