Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30184
The Capacity of Government to Deliver Sustainable and Integrated Transport: The Case of Transit Oriented Development in Perth, Australia

Authors: Carey Curtis

Abstract:

There is a renewed interest in land use transport integration as a means of achieving sustainable accessibility. Such accessibility requires designing more than simply the transport network; it also requires attention to place (built form). Transitoriented development would appear to capture many of the criteria deemed important in land use transport integration. In Perth, Australia, there have been planning policies for the past 20 years requiring transit-oriented development around railway stations throughout the metropolitan area. While the policy intent, particularly at the State level, is clear the implementation of policy has been fairly ineffective. The first part of this paper provides an examination of state and local government planning and transport policies, evaluating them using a set of land use transport integration criteria considered all encompassing. This provides some insight into the extent of state and local government capacity to deliver land use transport integration. The second part of this paper examines the extent of implementation by examining existing and proposed land use around station precincts throughout metropolitan Perth. The findings of this research suggest that the capacity of state and local government to deliver land use transport integration is reasonable in a planning policy sense. Implementation, despite long policy lead times, has been lacking. It appears to be more effective where local planning controls have been suspended with new redevelopment authorities given powers to develop land around railway stations.

Keywords: Transit-oriented development, sustainable transport, transport policy.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1335380

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 989

References:


[1] Banister D 2005, 'Overcoming barriers to the implementation of sustainable transport', in Barriers to Sustainable Transport: institutions, regulations and sustainability, eds. Reitveld P & Stough R, Spon Press, Abingdon.
[2] Breheny M, Gurbey A, Strike J 1996, The Compact City and the Need to Travel: The implementation of UK Planning Policy Guidance in Jenks M, Burton E & Williams K 1996, The Compact City: A Sustainable Urban Form?, E & FN Spon, London.
[3] Bressi T W (1994) 'Planning the American Dream', in The New Urbanism: Toward an Architecture of Community, ed. Katz P, McGraw Hill, New York.
[4] City of Armadale, 2005, Local Planning Scheme NO.4, City of Armadale:Perth.
[5] City of Fremantle, 2007, Local Planning Scheme No. 4, City of Fremantle:Perth.
[6] Town of Kwinana, 1998, Town Planning Scheme No. 2, Town of Kwinana:Perth.
[7] City of South Perth, 2003, Town Planning Scheme No.6, City of South Perth:Perth..
[8] Curtis C (2005) The Windscreen World of Land Use Transport Integration: Experiences from Perth, a Dispersed City. Town Planning Review Vol 76 (4) pp.423-453.
[9] Dittmar H & Ohland G 2004, The New Transit Town: Best practices in transit-oriented development, Island Press, Washington DC.
[10] (DOTARS) Department of Transport and the Regional Services (2003) National Charter of Integrated Land Use and Transport Planning, Department of Transport and the Regions, Canberra.
[11] (EMCT/OECD) European Conference of Transport Ministers & Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 2003, Implementing Sustainable Urban Travel Policies: National Reviews, OECD Publications Service, Paris.
[12] Government of Western Australia (2003) Hope for the future: the Western Australia state sustainability strategy, State Government of Western Australia, Perth.
[13] Ministry of Transportation and Ministry of Municipal Affairs, 1995, Transit-Supportive Land Use Planning Guidelines, Ministry for Transportation and Ministry for Municipal Affairs, Ontario.
[14] North D 1990, Institutions, Institutional Change, and Economic Performance. Cambridge University Press, New York.
[15] Reitveld P & Stough R (eds.) 2005, Barriers to Sustainable Transport: institutions, regulations and sustainability, Spon Press, Abingdon.
[16] Richardson E 2002, The role of local government in integrated transport. Proceedings of the Integrated transport for local communities conference: local solutions to local problems, December 2002, Melbourne.
[17] Ubbels B and Verhoef E 2005, Barriers to transport pricing, in Barriers to Sustainable Transport: institutions, regulations and sustainability, eds. Reitveld P & Stough R, Spon Press, Abingdon.
[18] (WAPC) Western Australian Planning Commission, 1988, Development Control Policy 1.6 Residential Development near metropolitan railway stations. WAPC:Perth.
[19] (WAPC) Western Australian Planning Commission, 1999, Development Control Policy 1.6, Planning to Enhance Public Transport Use, WAPC:Perth.
[20] (WAPC) Western Australian Planning Commission, 2004, Network City: Community Planning Strategy for Perth and Peel. WAPC, Perth.
[21] (WAPC) Western Australian Planning Commission, 2006, Development Control Policy 1.6" Planning to support transit use and transit oriented development, WAPC:Perth.