Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30848
Effect of Utilization of Organic and Inorganic Nitrogen Source on the Potato Shoots Dry Matter, Leaf Area Index and Plant Height, During Middle Stage of Growth

Authors: M. Taghi Darzi, F. Fazeli, A. A. Najm, M. R. Haj Seyed Hadi, R. Shamorady


Cattle manure and mineral fertilizers are two source of Nitrogen, which can affect the growth and quantity of potato. In this research the effects of the use of cattle manure (5, 10, 15 and 20 ton ha-1), Nitrogen fertilizer (50, 100 and 150 kg N ha-1) and their interaction on potato growth were evaluated during field experiments in 2008 with the help of Randomized Complete Block (RCB) with the factorial arrangement of three experimental replications in Iran. At the 75 th day after emergence, dry weight of Shoots, leaf area index (LAI) and plant height were recorded. Results showed that, dry weight of Shoots, LAI and plant height increased linearly and very significantly in response to the application of manure and Nitrogen fertilizer. While the interaction between manure and Nitrogen fertilizer just on the LAI and plant height was significant, somehow the maximum amount of plant height( 73 cm) was obtained by using 150 kg Nitrogen + 15 tons of manure per hectare, and maximum LAI ( 5.36) was obtained by using 150 kg Nitrogen + 20 tons of manure per hectare. Also in this experiment maximum tuber yield (36.8 tons ha-1) was obtained by the utilization of 150 kg Nitrogen per hectare + 20 tons manure.

Keywords: Integrated Management, cattle manure, Solanum tuberosum, LAI, mineral fertilizer

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2090


[1] Abou-Hussein, S.D., T. El-Shorbagy, A.F. Abou-Hadid, and U. El- Behairy. 2003 a. Effect of Cattle and Chicken Manure with or without Mineral Fertilizers on Tuber Quality and Yield of Potato Crops .ISHS Acta Hort 608: 95-100.
[2] Abou-Hussein, S.D., T. El-Shorbagy, A.F. Abou-Hadid, and U. El- Behairy. 2003 b. Effect of Cattle and Chicken Manure With or Without Mineral Fertilizers on Vegetative Growth, Chemical Composition and Yield of Potato Crops.ISHS Acta Hort 608: 73-79.
[3] Ahmad Mir, S., and S.M.K. Quadri. 2009. Decision Support Systems: Concepts, Progress and Issues - A Review. In Climate Change, Intercropping, Pest Control and Beneficial Microorganisms, Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 2, eds. E. Lichtfouse, 373-399. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
[4] Alva, A. 2004. Potato Nitrogen management. Journal of Vegetable Crop Production 10: 97-130.
[5] Ashwini, K.M., and K.R. Sridhar. 2006. Evaluation of pill millipede (Arthrosphaera magna) composit on plant growth and dry matter yield. Electron. J. Environ. Agri. Food Chem. 5:1323-1329.
[6] Benke, M.B., X. Hao, and C. Chang. 2009. Effects of long-term cattle manure applications on soil, water, and crops: Implications for animal and human health. In Development and Uses of Biofortified Agricultural Products, eds. G.S. Ba├▒uelos, and Z.Q. Lin, 135-153. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press.
[7] Biemond, H., and J. Vos. 1992. Effects of Nitrogen on the development and growth of the potato plant. 2. The partitioning of dry matter, Nitrogen and nitrate. Annals of Botany 70:37-45.
[8] Blumenthal, J.M., D.D. Baltensperger, K.G. Cassman, S.C. Mason, and A.D. Plavlista. 2004. Importance and effect of Nitrogen on crop quality and health. In Nitrogen in the environment: Sources, problems, eds. R.F. Follett, and J.L. Hatfield, 45-65. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsivier B.V .
[9] Bradley, G.A., and A.J. Pratt. 1955. The effect of different combinations of soil moisture and Nitrogen levels on early plant development and tuber set of the potato. American Potato Journal 32: 254-258.
[10] Chapman, S.C., and H.J. Barreto. 1997. Using a chlorophyll meter to estimate specific leaf Nitrogen of tropical maize during vegetative growth. Agronomy Journal 89: 557-562.
[11] Clemente, R., C. Paredes, and M.P. Bernal. 2007. A field experiment investigating the effects of olive husk and cow manure on heavy metal availability in a contaminated calcareous soil from Murcia (Spain). Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 118: 319-326.
[12] F├╝leky, G., and Benedek, s. 2010. Composting to Recycle Biowaste. In sociology, organic farming, climate change and soil science, Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 3, eds. E. Lichtfouse, 41-76. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
[13] Goffart, J.P., M. Olivier , and M.Frankinet . 2008. Potato Crop Nitrogen status assessment to improve N fertilization management and efficiency: Past-Present-Future. Potato Research 51: 355-383.
[14] HAY, R.K.M., and A.J. Walker. 1989. Potatoes. In An introduction to the physiology of crop yield, eds. R.K.M. Hay, and A.J. Walker, 188- 212. Harlow, England: Longman Scientific & Technical.
[15] Janat, M. 2007. Efficiency of Nitrogen fertilizer for potato under fertigation utilizing a Nitrogen tracer technique. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 38: 2401- 2422.
[16] Joern, B.C., and M.L. Vitosh. 1995. Influence of applied Nitrogen on potato. Part I: Yield, quality, and Nitrogen uptake. American Potato Journal 72: 51-63.
[17] Kolay, A.K. 2007. Manures and Fertilizers. New Delhi, India. Atlantic Publishers and Distributors.
[18] Kumar, P., S.K. Pandey, B.P. Singh, S.V. Singh, and D. Kumar. 2007. Effects of Nitrogen rate on growth, yield, economics and crisps quality of Indian potato processing cultivars. Potato Research 50: 143-155.
[19] L├ªgreid M., O.C. B├©ckman ,and O. Kaarstad .1999. Agriculture, Fertilizers and the Environment. Wallingford, UK, CABI Publishing.
[20] Logan, B.J. 1989.Effect of irrigation and Nitrogen on yield and quality of potatoes growth in semi-ardid western N.W.S. ISHS Acta Hort 247:243-247.
[21] Meyer, R.D., and D.B Marcum. 1998. Potato yield, petiole Nitrogen, and soil Nitrogen response to water and Nitrogen. Agronomy Journal 90: 420-429.
[22] Pandey, S. 1999. Adoption of nutrient management technologies for rice production:economic and institutional constraints and opportunities. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 53: 103-111.
[23] Rashid, M.T., P. Voroney, and G. Parkin. 2005. Predicting Nitrogen fertilizer requirements for corn by chlorophyll meter under different N availability conditions. Canadian Journal Of Soil Science 85: 149-159.
[24] Sharifi, M., D.H. Lynch, B.J. Zebarth, Z. Zheng, and R.C. Martin. 2009. Evaluation of Nitrogen supply rate measured by in situ placement of plant root simulator™ Probes as a predictor of Nitrogen nupply from soil and organic amendments in potato crop. American Journal of Potato Research 96: 356-366.
[25] Stoner, K.A., F.J. Ferrandino, M.P.N. Gent, W.H. Elmer, and J.A. LaMondia. 1996. Effects of straw mulch, spent mushroom compost, and fumigation on the density of Colorado potato beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in potatoes, Journal of Economic Entomology 89: 1267-1280.
[26] Tam, R. K., and O.C. Magistad.1935. Relationship between Nitrogen fertilization and chlorophyll content in pineapple leaves. Plant Physiology 10: 159-168.
[27] Vos, J. 1997. The Nitrogen response of potato (Solanum tuberosum L) in the field: Nitrogen uptake and yield, harvest index and Nitrogen concentration. Potato Research 40: 237-248.
[28] Vos, J., and P.E.L. Van Der Putten .1998. Effect of Nitrogen supply on leaf growth, leaf Nitrogen economy and photosynthetic capacity of potato. Field Crops Research 59: 63-72.
[29] Watson, D. J., and J. H. Wilson. 1956. An analysis of the effects of infection with leaf roll virus on the growth and yield of potato plants, and of its interaction with nutrient supply and shading. Annals of Applied Biology 44: 390.
[30] White, P.J., R.E. Wheatley, J.P. Hammond, K. Zhang. 2007. Minerals, soils and roots. In Potato Biology and Biotechnology: advances and perspectives, eds. D. Vreugdenhil, J. Bradshaw, C. Gebhardt, F. Govers, D.K.L. Mackerron, M.A. Taylor, and H.A. Ross, 395-409. Oxford, U.K: Elsevier.
[31] Winterhalder, B., R. Larsen, and R. B. Thomas. 1974. Dung as an essential resource in a highland Peruvian community. Human Ecology 2: 89-104.
[32] Wu, J., and Sardo, V. 2010. Sustainable versus organic agriculture. In sociology, organic farming, climate change and soil science, Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 3, eds. E. Lichtfouse, 41-76. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
[33] Zebarth, B.J., and C.J. Rosen. 2007. Research perspective on Nitrogen BMP development for potato. American Journal of Potato Research 84: 3-18.
[34] Zelalem, A., T.T. ekalign, and D. Nigussies.2009. Response of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) to different rates of Nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization on vertisols at Debre Berhan, in the central highlands of Ethiopia,African Journal of plant of plant science 3:16-24
[35] Zvomuya, F., C.J. Rosen, and J.C. Miller .2002. Response of Russet Norkotah clonal selections to Nitrogen fertilization. American Journal of Potato Research 79:231-239.