Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31100
Bridging the Green-Value-Gap: A South African Approach

Authors: E.J. Cilliers


Green- spaces might be very attractive, but where are the economic benefits? What value do nature and landscape have for us? What difference will it make to jobs, health and the economic strength of areas struggling with deprivation and social problems? [1].There is a need to consider green spaces from a different perspective. Green planning is not just about flora and fauna, but also about planning for economic benefits [2]. It is worth trying to quantify the value of green spaces since nature and landscape are crucially important to our quality of life and sustainable development. The reality, however, is that urban development often takes place at the expense of green spaces. Urbanization is an ongoing process throughout the world; however, hyper-urbanization without environmental planning is destructive, not constructive [3]. Urban spaces are believed to be more valuable than other land uses, particular green areas, simply because of the market value connected to urban spaces. However, attractive landscapes can help raise the quality and value of the urban market even more. In order to reach these objectives of integrated planning, the Green-Value-Gap needs to be bridged. Economists have to understand the concept of Green-Planning and the spinoffs, and Environmentalists have to understand the importance of urban economic development and the benefits thereof to green planning. An interface between Environmental Management, Economic Development and sustainable Spatial Planning are needed to bridge the Green-Value-Gap.

Keywords: Environmental Management, Participation, Spatial planning, Compensation, Green-Value-Gap

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2316


[1] Natural economy Northwest, The economic value of green infrastructure, North West England, 2007, pp 20.
[2] Ministry Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality (Netherlands), Estimating the value of landscape and nature. Netherlands, 2006, pp 40p.
[3] D. R. Subedi, Bridging the gap between urbanization and urban greenery. Japan: Faculty of Environmental Science, 2008.
[4] H. D. Kasperidus, U. Weiland and M. Richter, Green Space Strategies in European Cities: How can improved Green Space Management contribute to Sustainable Urban Development? Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research: Department Urban Ecology, Environmental Planning and Transport, 2007, pp 1.
[5] K. S. O. Beavon, A Quest to Regain World Status: Relocation Global Cities. Oxford: Rowman and Littlefield, p.49-74, 2006.
[6] Rics, The Value of Sustainability: Meeting of the Minds, Asset Strategics, 2006, pp 44.
[7] Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism (DEAT), Environmental change in Gauteng: Using indicators to track environmental change. Pretoria: Government Printer, 2008.
[8] C. Davies, R. MacFarlane, C. McGlion and M. ROE, Green infrastructure planning guide, 2008, pp 45.
[9] U.A. Stigsdotter, Urban green spaces: Promoting health through city planning. Swedish university of Agricultural Sciences, pp 17.
[10] Cabe space, The Value of Public Space: How high quality parks and public spaces create economic, social and environmental value. Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment, 2003, pp 19.
[11] M. F. Altunkasa, The Effects of Urban Green Spaces on House Prices in the Upper Northwest Urban Development Area of Adana (Turkey). University of Cukurova. Turkey: Tubitak, 2004, pp 203-209.
[12] Project evergreen, Economic fact sheet: The financial benefits of Green Spaces. Project Evergreen - Because green matters. 2008.
[13] Z. Liu, F. MAO, W. ZHOU, Q. LI, J. HAUNG, and X. ZHU, Accessibility assessment of urban green space: A quantitative perspective. School of Architecture, Tsinghua University. Beijing, 2007, p 2.
[14] C. Schoeman, The interface between environmental management, spatial planning and land use management form a development perspective (Paper for SAPI conference 2006). Pretoria, 2006, pp. 39.
[15] F. Retief and L. Sandham, Implementing IEM as part of IDP. South African Journal of Environmental Law and Policy, Vol 8, pp 75-92, 2001
[16] P. Harrison, The Genealogy of South Africa-s Integrated Development Plan. Third World Planning Review Vol. 23(2), 2001
[17] M. Sowman and M. Gawith, Participation of disadvantaged communities in project planning and decision-making: A case study of Houtbay. Development Southern Africa, 11(4), pp 557-571, 1994
[18] R. J. Cole, N. Miller and S. Schroeders, Building Green: Adding Value through Process. Canada: UBC School of Architecture, 2008, pp 40.
[19] Pennsylvania Horticultural Society, Strategy for a green city. Planning a greener city: Protecting the Green Infrastructure. Philadelphia, 2007, pp 4.
[20] B. Breman, M. Pleijte, S. Ouboter and A. Buijs, Participatie in waterbeheer. 2008, pp 109.
[21] Alphen aan den Rijn Municipality, Heldere verwachtingen bij inspraak en participatie: Alphense afspraken voor participatie bij beleidsvoorbereiding. Alphen aan den Rijn, 2005, pp 33.