Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30831
Analysis of Take-off Phase of Somersaults with Twisting along the Longitudinal Body Axis

Authors: M. Kalichová, P. Hedbávný


The contribution deals with problem of take-off phase of back somersault with twisting with various numbers of twists along longitudinal body axis. The aim was to evaluate the changes in angles during transition phase from back handspring to back somersault using 3D kinematic analysis of the somersaults. We used Simi Motion System for the 3D kinematic analysis of the observed gymnastic element performed by Czech Republic female representative and 2008 Summer Olympic Games participant. The results showed that the higher the number of twists, the smaller the touchdown angle in which the gymnasts lands on the pad in the beginning of take-off phase. In back somersault with one twist (180°) the average angle is 54°, in 1080° back somersault the average angle is 45.9°. These results may help to improve technical training of sports gymnasts.

Keywords: back somersault with twisting, biomechanicalanalysis, take-off

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2249


[1] J. Borms, W. Duquet, M. Hebbelinck, „Biomechanical Analysis of the Full Twist Back Somersault" in Biomechanics III (ed. by S. Cerquiglini, A. Venerando and J. Wartenweiler) Basel, Switzerland: S. Karger AG, pp. 429-433, 1973.
[2] B. Van Gheluwe, W. Duquet, „A Cinematographic Evaluation of Two Twisting Theories in the Backward Somersault" in Journal of Human Movement Studies, no. 3, pp. 5-20, 1977.
[3] C. Frohlich, „Do Springboard Divers Vio]ate Angular Momentum Conservation?" in American Journal of Physics, vol. 47, no. 7, pp. 583-592, 1979.
[4] G. Gerald, Biomechanics of Women's Gymnastics. Englewood Cliffs, NJ.: Prentice-Hall. Inc., 1980.
[5] P. Pascal, Analyse biomécanique des rotations, 2003. Retrieved 20. 9. 2011 from .
[6] B. Sands, The Triple- and Quadruple-Twist:: A Case Study, 2008. Retrieved 20. 9. 2011 from .
[7] R. McCharles, Preventing barani confusion, 2006. Retrieved 20. 9. 2011 from .
[8] J. Krištofič, Fyzikální aspekty sportovní techniky. Praha: Karolinum, 1996.
[9] N. P. Linthorne, B. A. Kemble, „Take-off technique in the high jump" in Proceedings I of the XVI International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports, University of Konstanz, 21–25 July 1998, H. J. Riehle and M. M. Vieten (Editors), UVK-Universitatsverlag Konstanz, Konstanz. pp. 356–359, 1998.
[10] M. P. Greig, M. R. Yeadon, „The influence of touchdown parameters on the performance of a high jumper" in Journal of Applied Biomechanics, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 367-378, 2000.