Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31106
Manufacture of Electroless Nickel/YSZ Composite Coatings

Authors: N. Bahiyah Baba, W. Waugh, A.M. Davidson


The paper discusses optimising work on a method of processing ceramic / metal composite coatings for various applications and is based on preliminary work on processing anodes for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). The composite coating is manufactured by the electroless co-deposition of nickel and yttria stabilised zirconia (YSZ) simultaneously on to a ceramic substrate. The effect on coating characteristics of substrate surface treatments and electroless nickel bath parameters such as pH and agitation methods are also investigated. Characterisation of the resulting deposit by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDXA) is also discussed.

Keywords: Composite, Nickel, electroless deposition, YSZ

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2237


[1] G. Sheela and M. Pushpavanam, "Diamond-Dispersed Electroless Nickel Coatings-, Metal finishin,. January 2002, pp. 45-47.
[2] Y. Li, "Investigation of Electroless Ni-P-SiC Composite Coatings- Plating & Surface Finishing, November 1997, pp. 77-81.
[3] C. M. Das, P. K. Limaye, et al. "Preparation and characterization of silicon nitride codeposited electroless nickel composite coatings." Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 436, 2006, pp. 328-334.
[4] H. Honma and K. Kanemitsu. "Electroless Nickel Plating on Alumina Ceramics" Plating and Surface Finishing, 1987, pp. 62-67.
[5] M. Marinsek and K. Z. J. Macek, "Preparation of Ni-YSZ composite materials for solid oxide fuel cell anodes by the gel-precipitation method." Journal of Power Sources, vol. 86, 2000, pp. 383-389.
[6] D. Simwonis, H. Thulen, et al., "Properties of Ni/YSZ porous cermets for SOFC anode substrates prepared by tape casting and coat-mix process." Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 92-93, 1999, pp. 107-111.
[7] D. Stöver, D. Hathiramani, et al., "Plasma-sprayed components for SOFC applications." Surface & Coatings Technology, vol. 201, 2006, pp. 2002-2005.
[8] M. A. Haldane and T. H. Etsell, "Fabrication of composite SOFC anodes." Materials Science and Engineering B121, 2005, pp. 120-125.
[9] D. Yang, X. Zhang, et al., "Low temperature solid oxide fuel cells with pulsed laser deposited bi-layer electrolyte." Journal of Power Sources vol. 164, 2006, pp. 182-188.
[10] K. C. Wincewicz and J. S. Cooper, "Taxonomies of SOFC material and manufacturing alternatives." Journal of Power Sources, vol. 140 2005, pp. 280-296.
[11] H. Abe, K. Murata, et al., "Microstructural control of Ni-YSZ cermet anode for planer thin-film solid oxide fuel cells." Thin Solid Films, vol. 496, 2006, pp. 49 - 52.
[12] S. K. Pratihar, A. D. Sharma, et al., "Preparation of nickel coated YSZ powder for application as an anode for solid oxide fuel cells." Journal of Power Sources, vol. 129, 2004, pp. 138-142.
[13] G. Wen, Z. X. Guo, et al., "Microstructural Characteristion of Electroless-Nickel Coatings on Zirconia Powder." Scripta materialia, vol. 43, 2000, pp. 307-311.
[14] S. D. Kim, H.Moon, et. al., "Performance and durability of Ni-coated YSZ anodes for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells", Solid State Ionics, vol. 177, 2006, pp. 931-938.
[15] S. Mosch, N. Trofimenko, et. al., "Performance and stability of SOFC anode prepared by co-precipitation", Solid State Ionics, vol. 179, 2008, pp. 1606-1610
[16] D. Simwonis, F. Tietz, et al., "Nickel coarsening in annealed Ni/8YSZ anode substrates for solid oxide fuel cells", Solid State Ionics, vol. 132, 2000, pp. 241-251.
[17] A.M. Davidson, W.Waugh, "Method of Manufacture of An Electrode for a Fuel Cell", New international (PCT) patent application claiming priority from United Kingdom application no. 0719260.2, October 2008
[18] N. Feldstein, "Composites Electroless Plating" Electroless Plating: Fundamentals and Applications, (ed. By G.O. Mallorry and J.B. Hajdy), 1990, pp. 269-287, AESF Publication, Orlando, FI
[19] S. H. Park and D. N. Lee, "A Study on the Microstructure and Phase Transformation of Electroless Nickel Deposits", J. Mater. Sci., vol. 23 1988, pp. 1643-1654.
[20] A. W. Goldstein, W. Rostoker, and J. J. Rezek, "Electron Microscope Study Of The Nucleation And Growth Of Electroless Cobalt And Nickel ", Electrochem. Soc., vol. 119 No. 12, 1972, pp. 1614-1619.
[21] E. Vafaei-Makhsoos, E. L. Thomas, and L. E. Toth, "Electron Microscopy of Crystalline And Amorphous Ni-P Electrodeposited Films: In-Situ Crystallization Of An Amorphous Solid", Metallurgical Transactions, vol. 9A, 1978, pp. 1449-1460.
[22] D. W. Braudrand, "Electroless Nickel Plating American Standard of Materials.", 1994.
[23] J. Dugasz and A. Szasz, "Factors affecting the adhesion of electroless coatings", Surface & Coatings Technology, vol. 58, 1993, pp. 57-62.
[24] L. A. C. Teixeira and M. C. Santini "Surface Conditioning of ABS for Metallisation into the use of Chromium baths." Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 170, 2005, pp. 37-41.
[25] M. R. Kalantary, K. A. Holbrook, et al.. "Optimisation of a Bath for Electroless Plating and its use for the Production of Ni-P-SiC Coatings." Trans. Inst. Metal Finish, vol. 71(2), 1993, pp. 55-61.
[26] K. Yamagishi, N. Okamoto, N. Mitsmata, N. Fukumoro, S. Yae & H. Matsuda ; Trans Inst Met Fin, vol. 82(3-4), 2004, pp. 114
[27] W. Z. Zhu and S. C. Deevi, "A review on the status of anode materials for solid oxide fuel cells." Materials Science and Engineering, A362, 2003, pp. 228-239.
[28] S.P.S. Badwal and K. Foger, "Solid Oxide Electrolyte Fuel Cell Review", Ceramic International, vol. 22, 1996, pp. 257-265.
[29] W. Reidel, "Electroless Nickel plating-, ASN International, 1997.
[30] S.P.S. Badwal, "Stability of solid oxide fuel cell components", Solid State Ionics, vol. 143, 2001, pp. 39-46.
[31] K. Sevugan, M. Selvam, et. al., "Effect of agitation in electroless nickel deposition", Plating and Surface Finishing, 1993, pp.56-58.
[32] A. Jadhav, N. P. Padture,, "Thick ceramic thermal barrier coatings with high durability deposited using solution-precursor plasma spray", Materials Science and Engineering A, vol. 405, 2005, pp. 313-320