Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30184
Design, Manufacture and Test of a Solar Powered Audible Bird Scarer

Authors: Turhan Koyuncu, Fuat Lule

Abstract:

The most common domestic birds live in Turkey are: crows (Corvus corone), pigeons (Columba livia), sparrows (Passer domesticus), starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) and blackbirds (Turdus merula). These birds give damage to the agricultural areas and make dirty the human life areas. In order to send away these birds, some different materials and methods such as chemicals, treatments, colored lights, flash and audible scarers are used. It is possible to see many studies about chemical methods in the literatures. However there is not enough works regarding audible bird scarers are reported in the literature. Therefore, a solar powered bird scarer was designed, manufactured and tested in this experimental investigation. Firstly, to understand the sensitive level of these domestic birds against to the audible scarer, many series preliminary studies were conducted. These studies showed that crows are the most resistant against to the audible bird scarer when compared with pigeons, sparrows, starlings and blackbirds. Therefore the solar powered audible bird scarer was tested on crows. The scarer was tested about one month during April- May, 2007. 18 different common known predators- sounds (voices or calls) of domestic birds from Falcon (Falco eleonorae), Falcon (Buteo lagopus), Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), Montagu-s harrier (Circus pygargus) and Owl (Glaucidium passerinum) were selected for test of the scarer. It was seen from the results that the reaction of the birds was changed depending on the predators- sound type, camouflage of the scarer, sound quality and volume, loudspeaker play and pause periods in one application. In addition, it was also seen that the sound from Falcon (Buteo lagopus) was most effective on crows and the scarer was enough efficient.

Keywords: Bird damage, Audible scarer, Solar powered scarer, Predator sound

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1084262

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 3144

References:


[1] M. L. Avery, S. J. Werner, J. L. Cummings, J. S. Humphrey, M. P. Milleson, C. J. Carlson, T. M. Primus and M. J. Goodall, "Caffeine for reducing bird damage to newly seeded rice", Crop Protection, vol. 24, pp. 651-657, 2005.
[2] J. R. Mason and G. Linz, "Repellency of garlic extract to European starlings", Crop Protection, 16 (2), pp. 107-108, 1997.
[3] A. C. Saglam and F. Onemli, "The effects of sowing date and sowing density on birds damage in the cultivators of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.)", Journal of Tekirdag Agricultural Faculty, 2 (1), pp. 50-57, 2005.
[4] R. W. Summers, "The effect of scarers on the presence of starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) in cherry orchards", Crop Protection 4 (4), pp. 520- 528, 1985.
[5] R. L. Bruggers, "Ruelle, P., Efficiacy of nets and fibers for protecting crops from grain-eating birds in Africa", Crop Protection 1 (1), pp. 55- 65, 1982.
[6] M. E. Tobin, R. A. Dolbeer and C. M. Webster, "Alternate-row treatment with the repellent methiocarb to protect cherry orchards from birds", Crop Protection 8 (6), pp. 461-465, 1989.
[7] J. A. Vickery and R. W. Summers, "Cost-effectiveness of scaring brent geese Branta b. bernicla from fields of arable crops by a human bird scarer", Crop Protection 11 (5), pp. 480-484, 1992.
[8] T. Koyuncu and F. Lule, "The Effect of An Audible Bird Scarer an the Presence of Reed Cocks (Parphyro porphyro) in Rice Fields", The Journal of Agricultural Faculty of Ondokuz May─▒s Universty, 23 (3), pp. 152-153, 2008.
[9] D. L. York, , J. L. Cummings, R. M. Engeman, and Jr. J. E. Davis, "Evaluation of Flight Control and Mesurol as repellents to reduce horned lark (Eremophila alpestris) damage to lettuce seedlings", Crop Protection 19, pp. 201-203, 2000.