Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30982
Development of Organizational Justice in Incentive Allocation of the Thai Public Sector

Authors: Kalayanee Koonmee


An incentive for performance, as one subsystem of a new performance management system, has been implemented in the Thai public sector since 2004. This research investigates the development of organizational justice in the incentive allocation by comparing the roles of distributive and procedural justice on national personnel-s attitudinal outcomes (incentive satisfaction and job performance) between 2 periods, i.e. 2006 and 2008. The data were collected via self-administered questionnaires completed by national government officers and employees. They were stratified using multistage sampling with 2,600 usable samples or 72.0% response rate in 2006, and 1,969 usable samples or 59.3% in 2008. The findings are: (1) There is no difference in means between the two periods relating to distributive justice, procedural justice, incentive satisfaction and job performance. (2) Distributive justice and procedural justice played more important roles in predicting incentive satisfaction and job performance in 2008 than in 2006.

Keywords: Distributive Justice, Thai public sector, incentive allocation, proceduraljustice

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1231


[1] K. Koonmee, "Effects of Performance Management and Incentive Allocation on Development of Thai Public Services and Officers." The Business Review, Cambridge 12, no. 2 (2009): pp. 163-169.
[2] K. Koonmee, "Implementing Performance Management System in Thai Public Sector." Proceedings of the 2009 IHRD Conference. Taiwan: National Taiwan Normal University, 2009. pp. 154-168.
[3] R. Cropanzano, and R. Folger, "Procedural justice and work motivation." In Motivation and work behavior (8th ed), by R.M. and Porter, L.W. (Eds.) Steers. New York: McGraw Hill, 1991.
[4] K. James, "The social context of organizational justice: Cultural, intergroupand structural effects on justice behaviors and perceptions." In justice in the workplace: Approaching fairness in human resource management, by R. Cropanzano, Erlbaum: Hillside, NT, 1993, pp. 21- 50.
[5] G.S. Leventhal, "Fairness in social relationships." In Comtemporary topics in social psychology, by J.W. Thibaut, J.T. Spence, and R.C. Carson, R.C. (Eds.), Morristown, NJ: General Learning Press, 1976, pp. 211-239.
[6] R. Cropanzano, and J. Greenberg, "Progress in Organizational Justice: Tunnelling Through The Maze." In International Review of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, by C.L. Cooper, and I.T. Robertson, (Eds.), Wiley, Chichester, 1997. (Reprinted in Cooper, C.L. and Robertson,I.T. (Eds.) (2001). Organizational Psychology and Development, Wiley, Chichester, pp. 243-298.)
[7] J. Greenberg, "Determinants of perceived fairness of performance evaluations." Journal of Applied Psychology, 1986: 71, pp. 340-342.
[8] S. Alexander, and M. Ruderman, "The role of procedural and distributive justice in organization behavior." Social Justice Research 1, no. 2 (1987): pp. 177-198.
[9] M.A. Konovsky, R. Foler, and R. Cropanzano, "Relative effects of procedural and distributive justice on employee attitudes." Representative Research in Journal Psychology 17 (1987): pp. 15-24.
[10] R. Folger, and M.A. Konovsky, "Effects of procedural and distributive justice on reactions to pay raise decisions." Academy of Management Journal, 1989: 32(1),: pp. 115-130.
[11] M.P. Miceli, I. Jung, J.P. Near, and D.B. Greenberg, "Predictors and outcomes of reactions to pay-for-performance plans." Journal of Applied Psychology 76 (1991): pp. 508-521.
[12] D.B. McFarlin, and P.O. Sweeney, "Distributive and procedural justice as predictors of satisfaction with personal and organizational outcomes." Academy of Management Journal 35 (1992): pp. 626-637.
[13] T. Welbourne, "Untangling Procedural and Distributive Justice: Their relative effects on gainsharing satisfaction." Group & Organization Management 23, no. 4 (Dec 1998): pp. 325-346.
[14] J. Greenberg, "A taxonomy of organizational justice theories." Academy of Management Review, 1987: pp. 12, 9-22.
[15] J. Greenberg, "Organizational justice: Yesterday, today, and tomorrow." Journal of Management, 1990: 16, pp. 399-432.
[16] A.K. Kirk, and D.F. Brown, "Latent constructs of proximal and distal motivation predicting performance under maximum test conditions." Journal of Applied Psychology, 2003: 88, pp. 40-49.
[17] J.M. Newman, and G.T. Milkovich,"Procedural justice challenges in compensation: Eliminating the fairness gap." Labour Law Journal, 1990 (August): pp. 575-580.