Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30234
Comparison between Lift and Drag-Driven VAWT Concepts on Low-Wind Site AEO
Abstract:This work presents a comparison between the Annual Energy Output (AEO) of two commercial vertical-axis wind turbines (VAWTs) for a low-wind urban site: both a drag-driven and a liftdriven concepts are examined in order to be installed on top of the new Via dei Giustinelli building, Trieste (Italy). The power-curves, taken from the product specification sheets, have been matched to the wind characteristics of the selected installation site. The influence of rotor swept area and rated power on the performance of the two proposed wind turbines have been examined in detail, achieving a correlation between rotor swept area, electrical generator size and wind distribution, to be used as a guideline for the calculation of the AEO.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1083101Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 5356
 Commission of the European Union, Energy for the future, renewable sources of energy - White Paper for a Community Strategy and Action Plan, COM (97) 559 final, 1997.
 N. Campbell, S. Stankovic, M. Graham, P. Parkin, M. van Duijvendijk, T. de Gruiter, S. Behling, J. Hieber, M. Blanch, "Wind Energy for the Built Environment (Project WEB)", European Wind Energy Conference & Exhibition, Copenhagen, 2-6 July 2011.
 A. S. Bahaj, L. Meyers, P. A. B. James, "Urban energy generation: Influence of micro-wind turbine output on electricity consumptions in buildings", Energy and Buildings, Vol. 39, Issue 2, February 2007, pp. 154-165.
 S. Mertens, Wind Energy in the built environment, Multiscience Publishiong, 2006.
 S. Stankovic, N. Campbell, A. Harries, Urban wind energy, Earthscan, 2009.
 G. J. W. van Bussel, S. M. Mertens, "Small wind turbines for the built environment", EACWE4 - The Fourth European & African Conference on Wind Engineering, Prague, 11-15 July, 2005.
 M. A. Heat, J. D. Walshe, S. J. Watson, "Estimating the potential yield of small building-mounted wind turbines", Wind Energy, Vol. 10, Issue 2, May/June 2007, pp. 271-287.
 Raciti Castelli, M., Villa A., Benini, E., "CFD Analysis of the Influence of Central Shaft on Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine Noise Emission", Fourth International Meeting on Wind Turbine Noise, 12-14 April 2011, Rome (Italy).
 S. Mertens, "Wind energy in urban areas: Concentrator effects for wind turbines close to buildings", Refocus, Vol. 3, Issue 2, March-April 2002, pp. 22-24.
 Llombart, A., Watson, S. J., Llombart, D., Fandos, J. M., "Power Curve Characterization I: Improving the Bin Method", 2006 International Conference on Renewable Energies and Power Quality ICREPQ-06, Palma de Mallorca, 5-7 April, 2006.
 Llombart, A., Watson, S. J., Llombart, D., Fandos, J. M., "Power Curve Characterization II - Modelling using Polynomial Regression", 2006 International Conference on Renewable Energies and Power Quality ICREPQ-06, Palma de Mallorca, 5-7 April, 2006.
 Llombart-Estopinan, A., "Improving the Operation and Maintenance of Wind Farms: Determination of Wind Turbine Performance", 2008 International Conference on Renewable Energies and Power Quality ICREPQ-08, Santander, 12-14 March, 2008.
 International Standard IEC 61400-12, Wind Turbine Generator Systems - Part 12: Wind Turbine Power Performance Testing, IEC 1998.
 Gipe, P., Wind Power - Renewable Energy for Home, farm and Business, Chelsea Green Publishing Company, First printing: march 2004, p. 93.
 Hau E., Wind Turbines - Fundamentals, Technologies, Application, Economics, 2nd Edition, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006, p. 71.
 Manwell, J. F., McGowan J. G., Rogers A. L., Wind Energy Explained: Theory, Design and Application, John Wiley and Sons, 2010, p. 146.
 Dominy, R., Lunt, P., Bickerdyke, A., Dominy, J., "Self-Strating Capability of a Darrieus Turbine," [email protected] 2007, Proc. IMechE Vol. 221 Part A: J. Power and Energy.
 Varying Authors, Qr5 Vertical axis Wind Turbine - Product Specification, Quiterevolution ltd. 1.11 Clerkenwell Workshops, 31 Clerkenwell Close, London EC1R 0AT.
 Energy from Wind - Concept to Product, Pharos Marine Automatic Power, AB Pharos Marine Ltd, Steyning Way, Hounslow, Middx TW4 6DL, England.
 Varying Authors, Quiterevolution Technical Report C.007, Quietrevolution Mass, Loads & Setting Out, original document 07/12/2007, Revs. 03/08/2008 - 25/06/2010, Quiterevolution ltd. 1.11 Clerkenwell Workshops, 31 Clerkenwell Close, London EC1R 0AT.
 K. Christensen, Catalogue of Small Wind Turbines 2009, Nordic Folkecenter for Renewable Energy, April 2009.