Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 31097
Effects of Dual Inoculation of Azotobacter and Mycorrhiza with Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilizer Rates on Grain Yield and Some of Characteristics of Spring Safflower
Abstract:In order to evaluate the Effects of dual inoculation of Azotobacter and Mycorrhiza with Nitrogen and Phosphorus levels on yield and yield components of spring safflower, this study was carried out in field of Farahan university in Markazi province in 2007. A factorial in a randomized complete block design with three replications was used inoculation of Azotobacter (with inoculation and without inoculation) and Mycorrhiza (with inoculation and without inoculation ) with Nitrogen and Phosphorus levels [F0= N0+ P0 (kg.ha-1), F1= N50+ P25(kg.ha-1), F2= N100+ P50(kg.ha-1) and F3= N150+ P75 (kg.ha-1)] on spring safflower (cultivar IL-111). In this study characteristics such as: Harvest index, Hectolitre weight, Root dry weight, Seed yield, Mycorrhizal Colonization Root, Number of days to maturity were assessed. Results indicated that treatment (A0M1F3) with grain yield (1556 kg.ha-1) and treatment (A0M1F0) with grain yield (918 kg.ha-1) were significantly superior to the other treatments and according to calculated, inoculation seeds in plantig date with Azotobacter and Mycorrhiza to cause increase grain yield about 5/38 percentage. we can by inoculation safflower seeds with Azotobacter and Mycorrhiza too easily at the time sowing date. The purpose of this research, study and evaluation the role of biological fixation N and P, to provide for feeds plants.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1083079Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1567
 Esendal, E .2001. Safflower production and research in Turkey. Vth International Safflower Conference , Williston, North Dokota, Sidney, Montana, USA, July 23-27. 203-206.
 Landau, S., Molle, G., Foisb, N., Friedman, S., Barkai, D., Decandia, M., Cabiddu, A., Dvasha, L., Sitzia, M. , 2005. Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) as a novel pasture species for dairy sheep in the Mediterranean conditions of Sardinia and Israel. Small Ruminant Res., 59: 239-249.
 Corleto, A., Alba, E., Polignano, G.B., Vonghio, G., 1997. A multipurpose species with unexploited potential and world adaptability. The research in Italy. IVth International Safflower Conference, Bari, Italy. June, 2-7. 23-31.
 Rahamatalla, A.B., Babiker, E.E., Krishna, A.G., El Tinay, A.H., 2001. Changes in fatty acids composition during seed growth and physicochemical characteristics of oil extracted from four safflower cultivars. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 56: 385-395.
 Koutroubas, S.D., Papadoska, D.K., Doitsinis, A., 2005 . Cultivar and Seasonal effects on the contribution of pre-anthesis assimilates to safflower yield. Field Crops Research., 90:263-274.
 Song, H . 2005 . Effects of VAM on host plant in the condition of drought stress and its Mechanisms. Electronic Journal of Biology, 2005, Vol. 1(3): 44-48.
 Augé R.M. (2001) Water relations, drought and vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis. Mycorrhiza, 11: 3-42.
 Wu Q., Xia R. (2004) The relation between vesiculararbuscular mycorrhizae and water metabolism in plants. Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin, 20: 188-192.
 Li, X., Marschner H., George H. (1991) Acqyisition of phosphorus and copper by VA mycorrhizal haphae and root-to-shoot transport in white clover. Plant and Soil, 136: 49-57.
 Gong Q., Xu D., Zhong C., et al. (2000) Study on biodiversity of mycorrhizae and its application. Beijing: Chinese forest press, pp. 51-61.
 Nabipour, M., M. Meskarbashee and H. Yousefpour. 2007. The effect of water deficit on yield and component yield of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) . Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences.10 (3): 421-426.
 Ashkani, J. H.Pakniyat, Y. Emam, M.T. Assad, M.J. Bahrani . 2007. The evaluation and relationship of some physiological traits in spring safflower (Carthamus tintorius) under stress and non-stress water regimes. J.Agric. Sci.Technol. vol.9 : 267-277.
 Camas N., C. Cirak , E. Esendal. 2007. Seed yield, oil content and fatty acids composition of safflower (Carthamus tintorius) grown in Northen Turkey condition.J.of Fac Agric., OMU, 2007, 22(1): 98-104.
 Bryla D.R and J.M Duniway . 1997. Water uptake by safflower and wheat roots infected with arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi. The new phytologist . vol. 136 P : 591-561.
 Dadashi, N., M.R. Khajepour .2004 .Effects of planting date and cultivar on growth, yield components and seed yield of safflower in Isfahan. J. Sci. Tech. Agric. Nat.Res.,8: 95-112.
 Ozel, A., T.Demirbilek, A. M. Gur, O. Copur. 2004. Effects of different sowing date and intrarow spacing on yield and some traits of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) under Harran Plains arid condition. Turkish J. Agric.Forestry 28:413-419.
 Kumbhar, A.M., Jamro, G.H., Kubar, R.A., Buriro, U.A., Abro, B.A., 2004. Effect of planting pattern on growth, yield components and seed yield of safflower. Indus J. Plant Sci., 3: 433-437.
 Misra, O. R., S. L. Rajput, A. M. Sharma, A. K. Tripathi, K. K. Saxsena. 2005. Optimization of production technology of safflower, (Carthamus tinctorius L.) under resource constrains. J. Oilseed Res., 22: 211-212.
 Azari, A., M.R. Khajepour .2005.Effects of planting pattern on development, growth, yieldcomponents and seed and petal yield of safflower in summer planting, local variety of Isfahan, Koseh. Sci. Tech. Agric. Nat. Res., 9: 131-142.
 More, S. D., D. S. Hangarge, C. V. Raghavaiah. 2005. Evaluation of management technology and genotypes for optimization of safflower, (Carthamus tinctorius L.) production under saline condition. J. Oilseed Res., 22: 86-89.
 Diaz, F. A., I. Garza .2007. Growth of sorghum and safflower genotypes associated with arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization in low fertility soil. Universidad Ciencia . 23(1): 15-20.
 Delowara, k., M. A. U. Mridha and A. R. M. Solaiman. 2006. comparative study of arbuscular mycorrhizal association with diferrent agricultural crops among four AEZS of Bangladesh.
 Malleshappa, S.M., Hiremath, I., Ravikumar, R.I., 2003. Negative associations between important quantitative traits in safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.). Sesame and Safflower Newsletter 18: 80-83.
 Abdolrahmani, B., 2005. Effect of plant density on grain and oil yield of safflower c.v. Arak 2811 in dryland conditions. Seed and Plant, 20: 417-428.