Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30172
Understanding Cultural Influences: Principles for Personalized E-learning Systems

Authors: R. Boondao, A. J. Hurst, J. I. Sheard

Abstract:

In the globalized e-learning environment, students coming from different cultures and countries have different characteristics and require different support designed for their approaches to study and learning styles. This paper explores the ways in which cultural background influences students- approaches to study and learning styles. Participants in the study consisted of 131 eastern students and 54 western students from an Australian university. The students were tested using the Study Process Questionnaire (SPQ) for assessing their approaches to study and the Index of Learning Styles Questionnaire (ILS) for assessing their learning styles. The results of the study led to a set of principles being proposed to guide personalization of e-learning system design on the basis of cultural differences.

Keywords: Approaches to study, Cultural influences, Learningstyles, Personalization, e-learning system.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1082811

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1451

References:


[1] R. Bennett, "Determinants of undergraduate student drop out rates in a university business studies department," Journal of Further and Higher Education, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 123-141, 2003.
[2] K. Franfola, (2007, February 15). Why online learners drop out, (Online). Avalable: http://www.workforce.com/featire/00/07/29/.
[3] J. Jun, "Understanding E-dropout," International Journal on ELearning, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 229-240, 2005.
[4] J. Liu, Asian students- classroom communication patterns in U.S. universities. Westport, CT: Ablex Publishing, 2001.
[5] K. Kuwahara, (2005, November 10-11). Understanding Asian ESL students: Translating school cultures, (Online). Avalable: http://www.catesol.org/Kuwahara.pdf
[6] S. N. Smith, R. J. Miller, and B. Crassini, "Approaches to Studying of Australian and Overseas Chinese University Students," Higher Education Research & Development, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 261-276, 1998.
[7] P. J. Rutledge, The Vietnamese Experience in America. Bloomington: Indiana Univer- sity Press, 1992.
[8] N. Caplan, J. K. Whitmore, and M. H. Choy, "Indochinese Refugee Families and Academic Achievement," Scientific American, vol. 266, pp. 6-42, 1992.
[9] M. Leung, J. Li, Z. Fang, X. Lu, M. Lu, "Learning Approaches of Construction Engineering Students: A Comparative Study between Hong Kong and Mainland China," Journal for Education in the Built Environment, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 112-131, 2006.
[10] Y. Liu, "Designing Quality Online Education to Promote Cross-Cultural Understanding," in Globalized E-Learning Cultural Challenges, A. Edmundson Ed. London: Information Science Publishing, 2007, pp. 35- 59.
[11] R. M. Felder and R. Brent, "Understanding Student Differences," Journal of Engineering Education, vol. 94, no. 1, pp. 57-72, 2005.
[12] B. Collis, "Designing for differences: cultural issues in the design of WWW-based course-support sites," British Journal of Education Technology, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 201-215, 1999.
[13] J. Biggs, Student Approaches to Learning and Studying. Melbourne: Australian Council for Educational Research, 1987.
[14] J. Biggs, Study Process Questionnaire Manual. Hawthorn: Australian Council for Educational Research, 1987.
[15] R. M. Felder and L. K. Silverman, "Learning and teaching styles in engineering education," Engineering Education, vol. 78, no. 7, pp. 674- 681, Apr. 1988.
[16] J. Biggs, "Approaches to learning in secondary and tertiary students in Hong Kong: some comparative studies," Educational Research Journal, vol. 6, pp. 27-39, 1991.
[17] W. Shen and W. Mo, Reaching out to their cultures-Building communication with Asian American families, (Online). Avalable: http://www.ncela.gwu.edu/pathways/asian/cultures.htm
[18] Y. Liu, "Designing Quality Online Education to Promote Cross-Cultural Understanding," in Globalized E-Learning Cultural Challenges, A. Edmundson Ed. London: Information Science Publishing, 2007, pp. 35- 59.
[19] K. J. Kim and C. J. Bonk, "Cross-cultural comparisons of online collaboration," Journal of Computer-Mediated Communications, vol. 8, no. 1, (Online). Avalable: http://www.ascusc.org/jcmc/vol8/issue1/ kimandbonk.html
[20] A. Levine, B. Oded, U. Connor and I. Asons, "Variation in EFL-ESL peer response," Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language, TESL-EJ, 2002.