Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30831
Intrinsic Electromagnetic Fields and Atom-Field Coupling in Living Cells

Authors: Masroor H. S. Bukhari, Z. H. Shah


The possibility of intrinsic electromagnetic fields within living cells and their resonant self-interaction and interaction with ambient electromagnetic fields is suggested on the basis of a theoretical and experimental study. It is reported that intrinsic electromagnetic fields are produced in the form of radio-frequency and infra-red photons within atoms (which may be coupled or uncoupled) in cellular structures, such as the cell cytoskeleton and plasma membrane. A model is presented for the interaction of these photons among themselves or with atoms under a dipole-dipole coupling, induced by single-photon or two-photon processes. This resonance is manifested by conspicuous field amplification and it is argued that it is possible for these resonant photons to undergo tunnelling in the form of evanescent waves to a short range (of a few nanometers to micrometres). This effect, suggested as a resonant photon tunnelling mechanism in this report, may enable these fields to act as intracellular signal communication devices and as bridges between macromolecules or cellular structures in the cell cytoskeleton, organelles or membrane. A brief overview of an experimental technique and a review of some preliminary results are presented, in the detection of these fields produced in living cell membranes under physiological conditions.

Keywords: Bioelectromagnetism, Resonance, Cell Membrane, evanescentwaves, photon tunnelling

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1512


[1] T. H. Bullock, "Signals and signs in the nervous system: The dynamic anatomy of electrical activity is probably information-rich", Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 94 (1997) 1
[2] E. J. Lund, Bioelectric Fields and Growth, The University of Texas Press, Austin, 1947.
[3] J. Loeb and R. Beutner, "The source of the current of injury" Science 35 (1912) 970
[4] R. O. Becker, "The significance of bioelectric potentials" Bioelectrochem. Bioenergetics 1 (1974) 187
[5] H. A. Pohl et al., "Life cycle alterations of the micro-dielectrophoretic effects of cells" J Biol Phys 9 (1981) 133
[6] A. R. Liboff, "Geomagnetic cyclotron resonance in living cells" J. Biol. Physics 13 (1985) 99; A. R. Liboff, The electromagnetic field as a biological variable, In A. H. Frey (ed.) On the Nature of Electromagnetic Field Interactions, (Austin: R.G. Landis, 1994); A. R. Liboff, "Evolution and the change in electromagnetic state" Electro- and Magnetobiology 15 (1996) 245
[7] H. S. Burr and F. S. C. Northrup "The electro-dynamic theory of life" Q. Rev. Biol. 10 (1935) 322
[8] H. S. Burr, The Fields of Life (New York: Ballantine Books, 1972)
[9] E. A. Blair and J. A. Erlanger "A comparison of the characteristics of axons through their individual electric responses" Am. J. Physiol. 106 (1933) 524
[10] P. N. Steinmetz et al. "Subthreshold voltage noise due to channel fluctuations in active neuronal membranes" J. Comput. Neurosci. 9 (2000) 133; J. A. White et al. "Channel noise in neurons" Trends Neurosci. 23 (2000) 131; M. C. Van Rossum, B. J. O-Brien and R. G. Smith "Effects of noise on the spike timing precision of retinal ganglion cells" J. Neurophysiol. 89 (2003) 2406
[11] H. Fröhlich "The extraordinary dielectric properties of biological materials and the action of enzymes" Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 72 (1975) 4211; H. Fröhlich "The biological effects of microwaves and related questions" , Advances in Electronics and Electron Physics, 53 (1981) 85
[12] J. Pokorny et al., "Frohlich electromagnetic radiation from human leukocytes: implications for leukocyte adherence inhibition test" J. Theor. Biol. 102 (1983) 295
[13] J. PokornÛ, J. Hašek, and F. Jelínek, "Electromagnetic Field of Microtubules: Effects on Transfer of Mass Particles and Electrons", J. Biol. Physics 31 (2005) 501
[14] W. R. Adey, "Interaction Mechanisms of Low-Level Electromagnetic Fields in Living Systems", Ed. Norden B. and Ramel K. (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1992)
[15] Y. Gontier, "Atom-atom correlations induced by resonant coupling with a laser field" Phys. Rev. A, 59 (1999) 4747; ibid 31 (1985) 279; ibid 55 (1997) 2397
[16] G. V. Varada and G. S. Agarwal, "Two-photon resonance induced by the dipole-dipole interaction" Phys. Rev. A, 45, 6721 (1992); F. Varsanyi and G. H. Dieke, Phys. Rev. Lett. 7 (1961) 442; G. V. Varada and G. S. Agarwal, Phys. Rev. A 45 (1992) 45
[17] M. H. S. Bukhari and J. H. Miller, Jr., "Measurement of Intrinsic Physiological Membrane Noise in Living Cells" Electromagnet. Biol. Med. 29 (2010) 36
[18] C. Itzykson and J-C. Zuber, Quantum Field Theory (McGraw-Hill, 1990)
[19] M. H. S. Bukhari, J. H. Miller, Jr., and Z. H. Shah, "A weak current amperometric technique in physiological and bioelectromagnetic measurements" J. Pak. Sci. Ind. Res. 52 (2009) 91
[20] K. J. McLeod, C. T. Rubin, H. J. Donahue and F. Guilak, "On the mechanism of extremely low frequency electric field interactions with living tissue", Proc. IEEE Conference (IEEE Press, 1992), pp. 65-6