Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30184
The Design of Axisymmetric Ducts for Incompressible Flow with a Parabolic Axial Velocity Inlet Profile

Authors: V.Pavlika

Abstract:

In this paper a numerical algorithm is described for solving the boundary value problem associated with axisymmetric, inviscid, incompressible, rotational (and irrotational) flow in order to obtain duct wall shapes from prescribed wall velocity distributions. The governing equations are formulated in terms of the stream function ψ (x,y)and the function φ (x,y)as independent variables where for irrotational flow φ (x,y)can be recognized as the velocity potential function, for rotational flow φ (x,y)ceases being the velocity potential function but does remain orthogonal to the stream lines. A numerical method based on the finite difference scheme on a uniform mesh is employed. The technique described is capable of tackling the so-called inverse problem where the velocity wall distributions are prescribed from which the duct wall shape is calculated, as well as the direct problem where the velocity distribution on the duct walls are calculated from prescribed duct geometries. The two different cases as outlined in this paper are in fact boundary value problems with Neumann and Dirichlet boundary conditions respectively. Even though both approaches are discussed, only numerical results for the case of the Dirichlet boundary conditions are given. A downstream condition is prescribed such that cylindrical flow, that is flow which is independent of the axial coordinate, exists.

Keywords: Inverse problem, irrotational incompressible flow, Boundary value problem.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1082395

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1267

References:


[1] Batchelor, G,K "An introduction to fluid dynamics", Cambridge University Press, 1973.
[2] Cousins. J,M., Special Computational problems associated with axisymmetric flow in Turbomachines. Ph.D thesis (CNAA), 1976.
[3] Curle, N and Davies, H.J., Modern Fluid Dynamics, van Nostrand Reinhold Company, 1971 Chapter 1.
[4] Klier, M., Aerodynamic Design of Annular Ducts, Ph.D thesis (CNAA), 1990 Chapter 1.
[5] Pavlika, V., Vector Field Methods and the Hydrodynamic Design of Annular Ducts, Ph.D thesis, University of North London, Chapter VI, 1995.
[6] Pavlika, V., Vector Field Methods and the Hydrodynamic Design of Annular Ducts, Ph.D thesis, University of North London, Chapter VIII, 1995.