Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 31106
Novelty as a Measure of Interestingness in Knowledge Discovery
Abstract:Rule Discovery is an important technique for mining knowledge from large databases. Use of objective measures for discovering interesting rules leads to another data mining problem, although of reduced complexity. Data mining researchers have studied subjective measures of interestingness to reduce the volume of discovered rules to ultimately improve the overall efficiency of KDD process. In this paper we study novelty of the discovered rules as a subjective measure of interestingness. We propose a hybrid approach based on both objective and subjective measures to quantify novelty of the discovered rules in terms of their deviations from the known rules (knowledge). We analyze the types of deviation that can arise between two rules and categorize the discovered rules according to the user specified threshold. We implement the proposed framework and experiment with some public datasets. The experimental results are promising.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1082389Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1426
 A. S. Al-Hegami, " Subjective Measures and their Role in Data Mining Process ", In Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Cognitive Systems, New Delhi, India, 2004.
 A. S. Al-Hegami, V. Bhatnagar, and N. Kumar, " Novelty Framework for Knowledge Discovery in Databases ", In Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Data Warehousing and Knowledge Discovery (DaWaK 2004), Zaragoza, Spain, 2004, pp 48-55.
 A. S. Al-Hegami, " Interestingness Measures of KDD : A Comparative Analysis ",In Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Concurrent Engineering: Research and Applications, Beijing, China, 2004, pp 321-326.
 B. Padmanabhan and A. Tuzhilin, " Unexpectedness as a Measure of Interestingness in Knowledge Discovery ", Working paper # IS-97-6, Dept. of Information Systems, Stern School of Business, NYU, 1997.
 J. Han, and M. Kamber, "Data Mining: Concepts and Techniques", 1st Edition, Harcourt India Private Limited. 2001.
 M. H. Dunham, " Data Mining: Introductory and Advanced Topics ",1st Edition, Pearson Education (Singaphore) Pte. Ltd., 2003.
 G. Piateskey-Shapiro, and C. J. Matheus, "The Interestingness of Deviations", In Proceedings of AAAI Workshop on Knowledge Discovery in Databases, 1994.
 S. Basu, R. J. Mooney, K. V. Pasupuleti, and J. Ghosh, "Using Lexical Knowledge to Evaluate the Novelty of Rules Mined from Text ", In Proceedings of the NAACL workshop and other Lexical Resources: Applications, Extensions and Customizations, 2001.
 A. Silberschatz and A.Tuzhilin, "On Subjective Measures of Interestingness in Knowledge Discovery", In Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining. 1995.
 B. Liu, W. Hsu, and S. Chen, " Using General Impressions to Analyse Discovered Classification Rules ", In Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (KDD 97), 1997.
 T. Kohonen, " Self-Organization and Associative Memory ", 3rd Edition, Springer, Berlin. 1993.
 A. Silberschatz and A. Tuzhilin, "What Makes Patterns Interesting in Knowledge Discovery Systems ", IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering. V.5, No.6. 1996.
 B. Liu and W. Hsu, " Post Analysis of Learned Rules ", In Proceedings of the 13th National Conférence on AI(AAAI'96), 1996.
 S. Marsland, " On-Line Novelty Detection Through Self-Organization, with Application to Robotics ", Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Computer Science, University of Manchester, 2001.
 N. Japkowicz , C. Myers, and M. Gluck, " A Novelty Detection Approach to Classification", In Proceedings of the 14th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 1995.
 S. Roberts, and L. Tarassenko, "A Probabilistic Resource Allocation Network for Novelty Detection", In Neural Computation, 6(2), 1994
 A. Ypma, and R. Duin, "Novelty Detection Using Self-Organizing Maps", In Progress in Connectionist-Based Information Systems. Volume 2, 1997.
 Uthurusamy, R., "From Data Mining to Knowledge Discovery", In Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Data mining. Edited by U. M. Fayyad, G. Piatetsky-Shapiro, P. Smyth, and R. Uthurusamy, Menlo Park, CA:AAAI/MIT Press, 1996.
 T. Yairi, Y. Kato and K. Hori, " Fault Detection by Mining Association Rules from House-keeping Data ", In Proceedings of International Symposium on Artificial Intelligence, Robotics and Automation in Space (SAIRAS 2001), 2000.
 G. Psaila, "Discovery of Association Rule Meta-Patterns", In Proceedings of 2nd International Conference on Data Warehousing and Knowledge Discovery (DaWaK99), 1999.
 J. Pei and J. Han, "Can We Push More Constraints into Frequent Pattern Mining", In Proceeding of the 6th ACM SIGKDD, 2000.
 F. Bronchi, F. Giannotti, A. Mazzanti and D. Pedreschi, "Adaptive Constraint Pushing in Frequent Pattern Mining", In Proceedings of the 7th PKDD-03, 2003, pp 47-58.
 F. Bronchi, F. Giannotti, A. Mazzanti and D. Pedreschi, "ExAMiner: Optimized Level-wise Frequent Pattern Mining with Monotone Constraints", In Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Data Mining (ICDM03), 2003, pp 11-18.
 F. Bronchi, F. Giannotti, A. Mazzanti and D. Pedreschi, "Exante: Anticipated Data Reduction in Constrained Pattern Mining", In Proceedings of the 7th PKDD-03, 2003, 59-70.