Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30840
Optimizing the Design of Radial/Axial PMSM and SRM used for Powered Wheel-Chairs

Authors: D. Fodorean, D.C. Popa, F. Jurca, M. Ruba


the paper presents the optimization results for several electrical machines dedicated for powered electric wheel-chairs. The optimization, using the Hook-Jeeves algorithm, was employed based on a design approach which takes into consideration the road conditions. Also, through numerical simulations (based on finite element method), the analytical approach was validated. The optimization approach gave satisfactory results and the best suited variant was chosen for the motorization of the wheel-chair.

Keywords: Electrical Machines, Optimization, numerical validation, electric wheel chair

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1764


[1] R.L. Kirby, B. MacDonald, C. Smith, D.A. MacLeod, A. Webber, Comparison Between A Tilt-in-Space Wheelchair and a Manual Wheelchair Equipped With a New Rear Anti-Tip Device From the Perspective of the Caregiver, Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol.89, n┬░9, Sept-08, pp 1811-1815.
[2] S. J. Howarth, L.M. Pronovost, J.M. Polgar, C.R. Dickerson, J.P. Callaghan, Use of a geared wheelchair wheel to reduce propulsive muscular demand during ramp ascent: Analysis of muscle activation and kinematics, Clinical Biomechanics, vol. 25, issue 1, January 2010, pp.21-28.
[3] W.J. Hurd, M.M.B. Morrow, K.R. Kaufman, K.N. An, Wheelchair propulsion demands during outdoor community ambulation, Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, vol. 19, issue 5, October 2009, pp. 942-947.
[4] G. Boiadzjiev, D. Stefanov, Powered wheelchair control based on the dynamical criteria of stability, Mechatronics, vol. 12, issue 4, May 2002, pp. 543-562.
[5] Y. Oonishi, O. Sehoon; Y. Hori, A New Control Method for Powerassisted Wheel Chair based on the Surface Myoelectric Signal, IECON 2007, 33rd Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, 5-8 Nov. 2007 pp.356-361.
[6] Y-K. Kim, Y-H. Cho, N-C. Park, S-H. Kim, H-S. Mok, In-Wheel motor drive system using 2-phase PMSM, IEEE 6th Int. Power Electr. & Motion Control Conf., May-09 pp.1875-1879.
[7] R. Rahulanker, V. Ramanarayanan, Battery assisted wheel chair, IICPE 2006, 19-21 Dec. 2006 pp.167-171.
[8] M. Ohkita, R. Tamanaha, M. Okugumo, J. Tanaka, M. Ohki, M. Kimura, Traveling control of the autonomous mobile wheel-chair DREAM-3 considering correction of the initial position, MWSCAS '04 The 47th Midwest Symposium on A.; Circuits and Systems, Vol.3, 25-28 July 2004 pp.215-218.
[9] H. Wang, B. Salatin, G.G. Grindle, D. Ding, R.A. Cooper, Real-time model based electrical powered wheelchair control, Medical Eng. & Physics Vol.31, n┬░10, Dec.-09, pp.1244-1254.
[10] S.-Y. Cho, A.P. Winod, K.W.E. Cheng, Towards a Brain-Computer Interface based control for next generation electric wheelchairs. PESA 3rd International Conference on Power Electronics Systems and Applications, 20-22 May 2009 pp.1-5.
[11] N.S. Methil, R. Mukherjee, Pushing and Steering Wheelchairs using a Holonomic Mobile Robot with a Single Arm, IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, 9-15 Oct. 2006 pp.5781- 5785.
[12] S. Kamiuchi, S. Maeyama, A novel human interface of an omnidirectional wheelchair, ROMAN 2004 13th IEEE Int. Workshop on Robot and Human Interactive Comm, Sept.-04 pp.101-106.
[13] S. Soylu, Electric Vehicles Modelling and Simulations, Intech, 2011.
[14] C. Vogel, Build Your Own Electric Motorcycle. McGraw-Hill Companies 2009.
[15] D. Fodorean, A. Djerdir, I.A. Viorel, A. Miraoui, A Double Excited Synchronous Machine for Direct Drive Application - Design and Prototype Tests, IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol.22, issue 3, pp. 656-665, September 2007.
[16] L. Tutelea, I. Boldea, Optimal design of residential brushless d.c. permanent magnet motors with FEM validation, ACEMP 2007, Bodrun, Turkey, pp.435-439.