Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 31108
Extraction of Phenol, o-Cresol, and p-Cresol from Coal Tar: Effect of Temperature and Mixing
Abstract:Coal tar is a liquid by-product of the process of coal gasification and carbonation. This liquid oil mixture contains various kinds of useful compounds such as phenol, o-cresol, and p-cresol. These compounds are widely used as raw material for insecticides, dyes, medicines, perfumes, coloring matters, and many others. This research needed to be done that given the optimum conditions for the separation of phenol, o-cresol, and p-cresol from the coal tar by solvent extraction process. The aim of the present work was to study the effect of two kinds of aqueous were used as solvents: methanol and acetone solutions, the effect of temperature (298, 306, and 313K) and mixing (30, 35, and 40rpm) for the separation of phenol, o-cresol, and p-cresol from coal tar by solvent extraction. Results indicated that phenol, o-cresol, and p-cresol in coal tar were selectivity extracted into the solvent phase and these components could be separated by solvent extraction. The aqueous solution of methanol, mass ratio of solvent to feed, Eo/Ro=1, extraction temperature 306K and mixing 35 rpm were the most efficient for extraction of phenol, o-cresol, and p-cresol from coal tar.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1081761Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 4117
 D.S. Fardhyanti, P. Mulyono, W.B. Sediawan, and M. Hidayat, "Separation of Phenolic Compounds from Coal Tar", International Conference on Environment and Industrial Innovation, 2012, pp.
 J Cusak, R.W., Fremeaux, P., York, O.N.V., and D. Glatz, "A fresh Look at Liquid-liquid Extraction Part 1: Extraction System", Chem. Eng., 1991, pp. 66-76.
 R. Egashira, and J. Saito, "Solvent Extraction of Coal Tar Absorption Oil with Continuous Countercurrent Spray Column", Journal of the Japan Petroleum Institute, 2007, 50(4), 218-226.
 R. Egashira, and C. Salim, "Separation of Coal Tar Distillate by Solvent Extraction - Separation of Extract Phase Using Distillation", Journal of the Japan Petroleum Institute, 2006, 49(6), 326-334.
 R. Egashira, C. Salim, and J. Saito, "Separation of Coal Tar Fractions by Solvent Extraction - Extraction/Solvent Separation by Secondary Extraction", Journal of the Japan Petroleum Institute, 2005, 48(1), 60- 66.
 R. Egashira, M. Nagai, and C. Salim, "Separation of Nitrogen Heterocyclic Compounds Contained in Coal Tar Absorption Oil Fraction by Solvent Extraction", 6th World Congress of Chemical Engineering, Melbourne, Australia, 2001.
 J. Hayashi, S. Amamoto, K. Kusakabe, and S. Morooka, "Evaluation of Vapor Phase Reactivity of Primary Tar Produced by Flash Pyrolisis of Coal", Energy & Fuels, 1995, 9,pp. 290-294.
 J. Jiang, Q. Wang, Y. Wang, W. Tong, and B. Xiao, "GC/MS Analysis of Coal Tar Composition Produced from Coal Pyrolysis", Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop., 2007,21(2),pp. 229-240.
 S. Jun, "Separation of Absorption Oil and Tar Light Oil by Solvent Extraction Method", Bachelor Thesis, Department of International Development Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan, 2004.
 B. Setiaji, I. Tahir, and D.R.N. Wahidiyah, "PemisahanKomponen Tar Batubara denganKolomFraksinasiMenggunakanFasaDiamZeolit-Mn", Berkala MIPA, 2005, 16(1), pp. 11-18.