Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon Contamination in Sediment and Wastewater from the Imam Khomeini and Razi Petrochemical Companies- Iran
The present study was performed in Musa bay (northern part of the Persian Gulf) around the coastal area of Bandare-Imam Khomeini and Razi Petrochemical Companies. Sediment samples and effluent samples were collected from the selected stations, from June 2009 to June 2010. The samples were analyzed to determine the degree of hydrocarbon contamination. The average level of TPH concentration in the study area was more than the natural background value at all of the stations, especially at station BI1 which was the main effluent outlet of Bandar-e- Imam Khomeini petrochemical company. Also the concentration of total petroleum hydrocarbon was monitored in the effluents of aforementioned petrochemical companies and the results showed that the concentration of TPH in the effluents of Bandar-e- Imam Khomeini petrochemical company was greater than Razi petrochemical company which is may be related to the products of Bandar-e- Imam Khomeini petrochemical company (aromatics, polymers, chemicals, fuel).
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1081629Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2699
 Al-Awadhi, F. (1999). The Year of the Ocean and its crucial importance to the Gulf 1. Desalination, 123(2-3), 127-133.
 Al-Awadhi, F. M. A. (1999). The Year of the Ocean and its crucial importance to the Gulf.
[doi: 10.1016/S0011-9164(99)00066-1]. Desalination, 123(2-3), 127-133.
 Azymyan, A. (1987). Main problems of traditional predation in Khuzestan province.
 Baker, J. M. (1976). Marine ecology and oil pollution.
 BIPC. (2010). from Imam Khomeini Petrochemical company, http://www.bipc.org
 De Mora, S., Tolosa, I., Fowler, S. W., Villeneuve, J. P., Cassi, R., & Cattini, C. (2010). Distribution of petroleum hydrocarbons and organochlorinated contaminants in marine biota and coastal sediments from the ROPME Sea Area during 2005. Marine pollution bulletin, 60(12), 2323-2349.
 Deppe, F. (1999). Intertidal Mudflats Worldwide. Practical course at the Common Wadden Sea Secretariat (CWSS) in Wilhelmshaven 1st June- 30th September.
 Deppe, F. (2000). Intertidal Mudflats Worldwide. Common Wadden Sea Secretariat (CWSS), Wilhelmshaven, 100.
 Esmaeli Sari, A. (2002). Pollutants, Health and Standard in environment. Tarbiat Modares University press, Tehran, Iran, 112-143.
 M. S. Massoud, a., , F. Al-Abdalib, A. N. Al-Ghadbanb and M. Al- Sarawia. (1996). Bottom sediments of the Arabian Gulf--II. TPH and TOC contents as indicators of oil pollution and implications for the effect and fate of the Kuwait oil slick. ELSEVIER.
 Makhdum, M. (1995). Living In The Environment Tehran University.
 Malmasi, S., Jozi, S., Monavari, S., & Jafarian, M. (2010). Ecological Impact Analysis on Mahshahr Petrochemical Industries Using Analytic Hierarchy Process Method. International Journal of Environmental Research, 4(4), 725-734.
 Massoud, M., Al-Abdali, F., Al-Ghadban, A., & Al-Sarawi, M. (1996). Bottom sediments of the Arabian Gulf--II. TPH and TOC contents as indicators of oil pollution and implications for the effect and fate of the Kuwait oil slick. Environmental Pollution, 93(3), 271-284.
 Mirsadeghi, S. A., Zakaria, M. P., Yap, C. K., & Shahbazi, A. (2011). Risk assessment for the daily intake of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from the ingestion of cockle (Anadara granosa) and exposure to contaminated water and sediments along the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Environmental Sciences, 23(2), 336-345.
 Monavari, S. M. (2001). Environmental impact assessment guidelines for petrochemical plants. DOE press(Tehran, Iran), pp. 6- 7.
 Mooraki, N., Esmaeli Sari, A., Soltani, M., & Valinassab, T. (2008). Spatial distribution and assemblage structure of macrobenthos in a tidal creek in relation to industrial activities. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Tech, 6, 651- 662.
 Mostajabi, A. (2008). Analysis of environmental impact of petrochemical industries. http://www.npcrt.ir.
 Nabavy, S. B. (1992). Identification of marobenthos assemblages in Mahshahr Creeks and their trophic roles in the aquatic system.
 Nadal, M., Schuhmacher, M., & Domingo, J. L. (2011). Long-term environmental monitoring of persistent organic pollutants and metals in a chemical/petrochemical area: Human health risks. Environmental Pollution.
 Nadim, F., Bagtzoglou, A. C., & Iranmahboob, J. (2008). Coastal management in the Persian Gulf region within the framework of the ROPME programme of action. Ocean & Coastal Management, 51(7), 556-565.
 NOAA. (1991). (National Ocean and Atmospheric Administration).Second summary of data on chemical contaminants in sediments from the National Status and Trends Program. NOAA Technical Memorandum. NOAA Technical Memorandum. NOS OMA 59, Rockville, MD., 331.
 Parsamanesh, A. (1994). Hydrobiological survey of Khoozestan Province estuaries. Irainian Fisheries Reasearch Organization, 70.
 Pasandeh, N. (2006). Electrical generation from tidal power in bandar-eimam Khomeini Paper presented at the 7th international conference on coasts ,ports and marine structures (ICOPMAS).
 PETZONE. (2001). Study of economic special zone estuary improvement, Mahshahr economic special zone press, Mahshahr, Iran,No.1.
 Price, A. (1998). Impact of the 1991 Gulf War on the coastal environment and ecosystems: current status and future prospects. Environment international, 24(1-2), 91-96.
 Purokhshoori. (1999). Musa creek or Musa bay. Seasonal magazine of Environment, 80.
 RIPI. (2004). contamination of the marine environment from industrial discharges Research Institute Of Petroleum industry.
 Rooney, P. (2005). Factors that influence the petrochemical industry in the Middle East. Middle East Economic Survey, 48, 23.
 ROPME. (1999). Manual of Oceanographic Observation and Pollutant Analysis Methods(MOOPAM). (Regional Organization for the Protection of the Marine Environment, Kuwait).
 RPC. (2010). from Razi Petrochemical Company, http://www.razip.com/
 Tolosa, I., De Mora, S. J., Fowler, S. W., Villeneuve, J. P., Bartocci, J., & Cattini, C. (2005). Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons in marine biota and coastal sediments from the Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. Marine pollution bulletin, 50(12), 1619-1633.
 TPH, T. P. H. (1999). TOXICOLOGICAL PROFILE FOR TOTAL PETROLEUM HYDROCARBONS (TPH).
 US EPA New England, R., Office of Ecosystem Protection. (2010). Appendix III - Effluent Limits and Monitoring Requirements by Sub- Category | Draft Remediation General Permit for Massachusetts and New Hampshire. from http://www.epa.gov/region1/npdes/2005rgp.html
 Wake, H. (2005). Oil refineries: a review of their ecological impacts on the aquatic environment. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 62(1-2), 131-140.