Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 31103
Analysis of a Fluid Behavior in a Rectangular Enclosure under the Effect of Magnetic Field
Abstract:In this research, a 2-D computational analysis of steady state free convection in a rectangular enclosure filled with an electrically conducting fluid under Effect of Magnetic Field has been performed. The governing equations (mass, momentum, and energy) are formulated and solved by a finite volume method (FVM) subjected to different boundary conditions. A parametric study has been conducted to consider the influence of Grashof number (Gr), Prantdl number (Pr) and the orientation of magnetic field on the flow and heat transfer characteristics. It is observed that Nusselt number (Nu) and heat flux will increase with increasing Grashof and Prandtl numbers and decreasing the slope of the orientation of magnetic field.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1081369Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1317
 Rudraiah, N., Barron, R.M., Venkatachalappa, M., Subbaraya, C.K., 1995, "Effect of a magnetic field on free convection in a rectangular cavity", Int. J. Eng. Sci, 33, pp. 1075-1084.
 Pirmohammadi, M., Ghassemi, G.A., Sheikhzadeh, 2009, "Effect of a magnetic field on buoyancy driven convection in differentially heated square cavity", IEEE Trans. Magn, 45(1), pp. 407-411.
 Sparrow, E.M., Cess, R.D., 1961, "The effect of a magnetic field on fre convection heat transfer", Int. J. Heat & Mass Transfer, 3, pp. 267-274.
 Lykoudis, P.S., 1962, "Natural convection of an electrically conducting fluid in the presence of a magnetic field", Int. J. Heat & Mass Transfer, 5, pp. 23-34.
 Papailiou, D.D., Lykoudis, P.S., 1968, "Magnetofluid-mechanic laminar natural convection- and experiment", Int. J. Heat & Mass Transfer, 11, pp. 1385-1391.
 Papailiou, D.D., Lykoudis, P.S., 1968, "Magnetofluid-mechanic free convection turbulent flow", Int. J. Heat & Mass Transfer, 17, pp. 1181- 1189.
 Seki, M., Kawamura, H., Sanokawa, K., 1979, "Natural convection of mercury in a magnetic field parallel to the gravity", ASME Journal of Heat Transfer, 101, pp. 227-232.
 Fumizawa, M., 1980, "Natural convection experiment with liquid NaK under transverse magnetic field ", Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 17, pp. 98-105.
 Takhar, H.S., 1982, "Dissipation effects on MHD free convection flow past a semi-infinite vertical plate ", Applied Scientific Research, 36, pp. 163-171.
 Kim, K.M., 1982, "Suppression of thermal convection by transverse magnetic field", Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 129, pp. 427- 429.
 Langlois, W.E., Lee, K., 1983, "Czochralski crystal growth in an axial magnetic field: effects of joule heating", Journal of Crystal Growth, 62, pp. 481-486.
 Kerr, O.S., Wheeler, A.A., 1989, "The effect of a weak vertical magnetic field on the buoyancy-driven boundary-layer flow past a vertical heated wall", Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 199, pp. 217-236.
 Okada, K., Ozoe, H., 1992, "Experimental heat transfer rates of natural of molten gallium suppressed under an external magnetic field in either the X, Y or Z direction", ASME Journal of Heat Transfer, 114, pp. 107- 114.
 Barth, T.J., and Jesperson, D., 1989, "The Design and Application of Upwind Schemes on Unstructured Meshes," AIAA paper No.89-0366.
 Leonard, B. P., 1995, "Order of Accuracy of Quick and Related Convection-Diffusion Schemes," Appl. Math. Model, 19, p. 640.
 Vandoormall, J.P., and Raithby, G.D., 1984, "Enhancements of the Simple Method for Predicting Incompressible Fluid Flow," Numerical Heat Transfer, 7, pp.147-163.
 Davis, G.D.V., 1983, "Natural convection of air in a square cavity: a benchmark solution," Int. J. Numer. Meth. Fluids, 3, pp.249-264.
 Markatos, N.C., Pericleous, K.A., 1984, "Laminar and turbulent natural convection in an enclosed cavity," Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 27,pp.755- 772.
 Hadjisophocleous, G.V., Sousa, A.C.M.,Venart, J.E.S., 1998, "Predicting the transient natural convection in enclosures of arbitrary geometry using a no orthogonal numerical model," Numer. Heat Transfer a, 13, pp.373-392.