Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30174
Effects of Feeding Glycerol to Lactating Dairy Cows on Milk Production and Composition

Authors: Pipat Lounglawan, Wassana Lounglawan, Wisitiporm Suksombat


A study was conducted to determine the effect of feeding glycerol on dairy cows performance. Twenty four Holstein Friesian crossbred (>87.5% Holstein Friesian) lactating dairy cows in early lactation; averaging 13+2.4 kg of milk, 64+45 days in milk, 55+16 months old and 325+26 kg live weight, were stratified for milk yield, days in milk, age, stage of lactation and body weight, and then randomly allocated to three treatment groups. All cows were fed approximate 8 kg of concentrate together with ad libitum corn silage and freely access to clean water. Nil or 150 and 300g of glycerol were supplemented to the cows according to treatment groups. All cows consumed similar concentrate, corn silage and total DM and NELP. There were no significant differences in DM intake, CP intake, NELP intake, milk and milk composition yields. All cows had similar fat, protein, lactose, solid not fat and total solid percentage. All cows gain similar live weight. The present study indicated that, supplementation of glycerol did not enhance milk yield, milk composition and live weight change.

Keywords: Glycerol, Milk production and composition, Dairycattle

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2838


[1] J.P. Goff, and R.L. Horst, R. L. "Physiological changes at parturition and their relationship to metabolic disorders." J. Dairy Sci. Vol. 80, pp. 1260-1268, 1997.
[2] J.C. Thompson and B. He. "Characterization of crude glycerol from biodiesel production from multiple feedstocks". Appl. Eng. Agric. Vol. 22, pp. 261-265, 2006.
[3] S. Michnick, J. L. Roustan, F. Remize, P. Barre, and S. Dequin. "Modulation of glycerol and ethanol yields during alcoholic fermentation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains overexpressed or disrupted for GPD1 encoding glycerol 3-hosphate dehydrogenase." Yeast , Vol. 13, pp. 783-793, 1997.
[4] L. Crandall. "Glycerol abundance cause for concern." Inform, Vol. 15, pp. 146-147, 2004.
[5] C.F. Cori and W.M. Shine. "The formation of carbohydrate from glycerophosphate in the liver of the rat." Science,Vol. 82, pp. 134-135, 1935.
[6] A. Simon, H. Bergner, and M. Schwabe. " Glycerol as a feed ingredient for broiler chickens". Arch. Tierernahr, Vol 49, pp.103-112. 1996.
[7] L.J. Fisher, J. D. Erfle, G. A. Lodge, and F. D. Sauer. "Effects of propylene glycol or glycerol supplementation of the diet of dairy cows on feed intake, milk yield and composition, and incidence of ketosis." Can. J. Anim. Sci. Vol. 53, pp. 289-296, 1973.
[8] J.M. DeFrain, A. R. Hippen, K. F. Kalscheur, and P. W. Jardon. "Feeding glycerol to transition dairy cows: Effects on blood metabolites and lactation performance." J. Dairy Sci, Vol, 87, pp. 4195-4206, 2004.
[9] K.L. Ogborn." Effects ofmethod of delivery of glycerol on performance and metabolism of dairy cows during the transition period." MS Thesis. Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, U.S.A. 2006.
[10] L.J. Fisher, J. D. Erfle, and F. D. Sauer. " Preliminary evaluation of the addition of glucogenic materials to the rations of lactating cows." Can. J. Anim. Sci, Vol. 51, pp. 721-727, 1971.
[11] H. Khalili, T. Varvikko, V. Toivonen, K. Hissa, and M. Suvitie. "The effects of added glycerol or unprotected free fatty acids or a combination of the two on silage intake, milk production, rumen fermentation and diet digestibility in cows given grass silage based diets." Agric. Food Sci. Finl, Vol. 6, pp.349-362, 1997.
[12] AOAC. "Official Methods of Analysis", 16th ed. Association of Official analytical Chemists, Arlington, VA. pp. 1588, 1995.
[13] P.J. Van Soest, J.B. Robertson and B.A. Lewis. "Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber, and nonstarch polysaccharides in relation to animal production." J. Dairy Sci, Vol. 74, pp. 583-3,597. 1991
[14] SAS. "SASĀ® User-s Guide Statistics, 1996", version 6.12, 4th ed. SAS Institute, Inc., Cary, NC. 1996.
[15] Y.H. Chung, D. E. Rico, C. M. Martinez, T. W. Cassidy, N. Noirot, A. Ames, and G. A. Varga. "Effects of feeding dry glycerin to early postpartum Holstein dairy cows on lactational performance and metabolic profiles." J. Dairy Sci. Vol. 90, pp. 5682-5691, 2007.
[16] NRC. (National Research Council). " Nutrients Requirements of Dairy Cattle. 7th ed." National Academy Press, Washington D.C., pp. 340, 2001.
[17] AAC. (Australian Agricultural Council). "Feeding Standards for Australian Livestock: Ruminants. Standing Committee on Agriculture, Ruminants Subcommittee. 1st ed. CSIRO", Australian Agricultural Council, Barton, ACT, Australia, pp. 266, 1990.
[18] W. Suksombat and P. Junpanichjaroen. "Feeding of sugar cane silage to dairy cattle during the dry season." Asian-Aust. J. of Anim. Sci, Vol. 18, pp. 1,125-1,129, 2005.
[19] W. Suksombat and P. Mernkratoke. "Feeding of whole sugar cane to dairy cattle during the dry season." Asian-Aust. J. of Anim. Sci, Vol. 18, pp. 345-349, 2005.