Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30127
Distribution of Macrobenthic Polychaete Families in Relation to Environmental Parameters in North West Penang, Malaysia
Abstract:The distribution of macrobenthic polychaetes along the coastal waters of Penang National Park was surveyed to estimate the effect of various environmental parameters at three stations (200m, 600m and 1200m) from the shoreline, during six sampling months, from June 2010 to April 2011.The use of polychaetes in descriptive ecology is surveyed in the light of a recent investigation particularly concerning the soft bottom biota environments. Polychaetes, often connected in the former to the notion of opportunistic species able to proliferate after an enhancement in organic matter, had performed a momentous role particularly with regard to effected soft-bottom habitats. The objective of this survey was to investigate different environment stress over soft bottom polychaete community along Teluk Ketapang and Pantai Acheh (Penang National Park) over a year period. Variations in the polychaete community were evaluated using univariate and multivariate methods. The results of PCA analysis displayed a positive relation between macrobenthic community structures and environmental parameters such as sediment particle size and organic matter in the coastal water. A total of 604 individuals were examined which was grouped into 23 families. Family Nereidae was the most abundant (22.68%), followed by Spionidae (22.02%), Hesionidae (12.58%), Nephtylidae (9.27%) and Orbiniidae (8.61%). It is noticeable that good results can only be obtained on the basis of good taxonomic resolution. We proposed that, in monitoring surveys, operative time could be optimized not only by working at a highertaxonomic level on the entire macrobenthic data set, but by also choosing an especially indicative group and working at lower taxonomic and good level.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1080300Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1641
 Amar S. Musale and Dattesh V. Desai (2011). Distribution and abundance of macrobenthic polychaetes along the South Indian coast. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. Volume 178, Numbers 1-4 423-436.
 Belan, T. (2004). "Marine environmental quality assessment using polychaete taxocene characteristics in Vancouver Harbour." Marine environmental research 57(1): 89-101.
 Del Pilar Ruso, Y., De la Ossa Carretero, J.A., Gimenez Casaldureo, F., S├ínchez-Lizaso, J.L., (2007). Spatial and temporal changes in infaunal communities inhabiting soft-bottoms affected by brine discharge. Marine Environmental Research 64, 492-507.
 Desroy, N., Warembourg, C., Dewarumez, J.M., Dauvin, J.C., (2003). Macrobenthic resources of the shallowsoft-bottom sediments in the Eastern English Channel and Southern North Sea. ICES Journal of Marine Science. 60,120 - 131.
 Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series, 28. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles. 188 pp.
 Fauchald, K. and P. A. Jumars (1979). "The diet of worms: a study of polychaete feeding guilds."Oceanography and Marine Biological Annual Review 17, pp. 193-284.
 Gaud├¬ncio, M.J. and h.n. Cabral (2007). trophic structure of macrobenthos in the tagus estuary and adjacent coastal shelf. Hydrobiologia, 587: 241-251.
 Grassle, J. F. and J. P. Grassle (1977). Temporal adaptations in sibling species of Capitella, Ecology of Marine Benthos. University of South California Press, Columbia, pp. 177-189.
 Gray, J. S. (1974). "Animal-sediment relationships." Oceanography and Marine Biology An Annual Review Oceanogr Mar Biol Annu Rev 13: 223-261.
 Hutchings, P. (1998). "Biodiversity and functioning of polychaetes in benthic sediments." Biodiversity and conservation 7(9): 1133-1145.
 Morin, P.J., 1999. Community Ecology. Blackwell Science Ltd. England, 424 pp.
 Mills, E. L. (1969). "The community concept in marine zoology, with comments on continua and instability in some marine communities: a review." Journal of the Fisheries Board of Canada 26(6): 1415-1428.
 Rhoads, D. C. and D. K. Young (1970). "The influence of depositfeeding organisms on sediment stability and community trophic structure." Journal of Marine Research 28(2): 150163.
 Salas, F., 2002.Valoraci├│n y aplicabilidad de los ├¡ndices e indicadores biol├│gicos de contaminaci├│n org├ínica en la gesti├│n delmedio marino. Universidad de Murcia, Tesis de Licenciatura.
 Van Hoey, G., S. Degraer, et al. (2004). "Macrobenthic community structure of soft-bottom sediments at the Belgian Continental Shelf." Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 59(4): 599-613.
 Ward, T. J. and Hutchings, P. A. (1996) Effects of trace metals on infaunal species composition in polluted intertidal and subtidal marine sediments near a lead smelter, Spender Gulf, South Australia. Marine Ecology Progress Series135, 123-135.
 Warwick, R. (1988). "The level of taxonomic discrimination required to detect pollution effects on marine benthic communities." Marine Pollution Bulletin 19(6): 259-268.