Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 31097
Effect of Phosphate Solubilization Microorganisms (PSM) and Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) on Yield and Yield Components of Corn (Zea mays L.)
Abstract:In order to study the effect of phosphate solubilization microorganisms (PSM) and plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) on yield and yield components of corn Zea mays (L. cv. SC604) an experiment was conducted at research farm of Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Iran during 2007. Experiment laid out as split plot based on randomized complete block design with three replications. Three levels of manures (consisted of 20 Mg.ha-1 farmyard manure, 15 Mg.ha-1 green manure and check or without any manures) as main plots and eight levels of biofertilizers (consisted of 1-NPK or conventional fertilizer application; 2-NPK+PSM+PGPR; 3 NP50%K+PSM+PGPR; 4- N50%PK+PSM +PGPR; 5-N50%P50%K+PSM+ PGPR; 6-PK+PGPR; 7- NK+PSM and 8-PSM+PGPR) as sub plots were treatments. Results showed that farmyard manure application increased row number, ear weight, grain number per ear, grain yield, biological yield and harvest index compared to check. Furthermore, using of PSM and PGPR in addition to conventional fertilizer applications (NPK) could improve ear weight, row number and grain number per row and ultimately increased grain yield in green manure and check plots. According to results in all fertilizer treatments application of PSM and PGPR together could reduce P application by 50% without any significant reduction of grain yield. However, this treatment could not compensate 50% reduction of N application.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1080014Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 6015
 Wilhelm J, Johnson M F, Karlen L and David T (2007). Corn stover to sustain soil organic carbon further constrains biomass supply. Agronomy Journal. 99: 1665-1667.
 Turan M, Ataoglu N and Sahin F (2006). Evaluation of the capacity of phosphate solubilizing bacteria and fungi on different forms of phosphorus in liquid culture. Sustainable Agricultural. 28: 99-108.
 Han H, Supanjani S K, and Lee D (2004). Effect of co-inoculation with phosphate and potassium solubilizing bacteria on mineral uptake and growth of pepper and cucumber. Agronomy Journal. 24: 169-176.
 Ramazan C, Akmakc I A, Figen b, Adil A, Fikrettin S and Ahin B C (2005). Growth promotion of plants by plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria under greenhouse and two different field soil conditions. Biochemistry. 38: 1482-1487.
 Zaied K, Abd A H, Afify A H, Aida H and Nassef M A (2003). Yield and nitrogen assimilation of winter wheat inoculated with new recombinant inoculants of rhizobacteria. Biological Sciences. 6: 344- 358.
 Zaidi A, and Mohammad S (2006). Co-inoculation effects of phosphate solubilizing micro- organisms and glomus fasciculatum on green grambradyrhizobium symbiosis. Agricultural Seience. 30: 223 -230 .
 Dai J, Becquer T, Rouiller J, Reversat H, Bernhard G and Lavelle F (2004). Influence of heavy metals on C and N mineralization and microbial biomass in Zn-, Pb-, Cu-, and Cd-contaminated soils. Applied Soil Ecology. 25: 99-109.
 Zahir A, Arshad Z M and Frankenberger W F (2004). Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria: Advances in Agronomy. 81: 97-168.
 Cherr C M, Scholberg J M S and McSorley R (2006). Green manure approaches to crop production. Agronomy Journal. 98: 302-319.
 Wua B, Caob S C, Lib Z H, Cheunga Z G and Wonga K C (2005). Effects of biofertilizer containing N-fixer, P and K solubilizers and AM fungi on maize growth. Geoderma. 125: 155-162.
 Steel, R.D., Tore, J.H. (1960). Principles and Procedures of Statistics. Mc Graw-Hill, Toronto, 481 pp.