Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 32451
Analysis of Meteorological Drought in the Ruhr Basin by Using the Standardized Precipitation Index
Abstract:Drought is one of the most damaging climate-related hazards, it is generally considered as a prolonged absence of precipitation. This normal and recurring climate phenomenon had plagued civilization throughout history because of the negative impacts on economical, environmental and social sectors. Drought characteristics are thus recognized as important factors in water resources planning and management. The purpose of this study is to detect the changes in drought frequency, persistence and severity in the Ruhr river basin. The frequency of drought events was calculated using the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI). Used data are daily precipitation records from seven meteorological stations covering the period 1961-2007. The main benefit of the application of this index is its versatility, only rainfall data is required to deliver five major dimensions of a drought : duration, intensity, severity, magnitude, and frequency. Furthermore, drought can be calculated in different time steps. In this study SPI was calculated for 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 24 months. Several drought events were detected in the covered period, these events contain mild, moderate and severe droughts. Also positive and negative trends in the SPI values were observed.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1079854Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2181
 Ed Drannbauer, Gary Knox, Carol Lehtola, and Charles Brown. Introduction to drought, a drought/water conservation program for homeowners, master gardeners, and extension agents.
[online] available: http://disaster.ifas.ufl.edu/wwefiles/wwe-wb-1-1-web.pdf
 Sina Samadi, Javad B.Jamali, and Soheila Javanmard. Drought Early Warning System in I.R.of Iran ,Climatological research institute (CRI) Mashhad, Balwois 2004
[Online] . available: http://balwois.com
 Donald A. Wilhite .Moving Toward Drought Risk Management: The Need for a Global Strategy.
[Online]. Available: http://www.nahrim.gov.my/pdf/drought%20management.pdf
 C. Bhuiyan. Various Drought Indices for Monitoring Drought Condition In Aravalli Terrain of India.
[Online] Available: http://www.isprs.org/new/congresses/istanbul2004/comm7/papers/243.pdf
 Lena M. Tallaksen, and Hennz A.J. Van Lanen, Hydrological droughtprocesses and estimation methods for stream flow and ground water. Elsevier ,2004, pp.5-8
 Benjamin Lloyd-Hughes, and Mark A. Saunders, "A drought climatology for Europe," International Journal of Climatology, Vol.22, 2002, p 1571-1592. Available: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/fulltext/101020030/PDFSTART
 Martine Rebetez, et al.(2006). Heat and drought 2003 in Europe: a climate synthesis.
[Online] available: http://www.afs-journal.org/articles/forest/pdf/2006/06/f6064.pdf
 UNEP, United Nations Environment Programme.(2004,March). Impacts of summer 2003 heat wave in Europe.
[Online] available: http://www.grid.unep.ch/product/publication/download/ew_heat_wave.en.pdf
 Werner Lahmer. Multi-Disciplinary Approaches in River Basin Management - An Example.
[Online] available: Balwois 2004- http://balwois.com, http://balwois.com/balwois/administration/ppt/fp-004.ppt.
 Hege Hisdal,et, Kerstin Stahl, Lena M. Tallaksen, and Siegfried Demuth,".Have Streamflow Droughts in Europe Become More Severe or Frequent?," International Journal of Climatology, Vol. 21, 2001, pp. 317-333. Available: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/fulltext/78504254/PDFSTART
 Richard R. Heim Jr. (2002, August). A Review of Twentieth-Century Drought Indices Used in the United States. American Meteorological Society. Vol.83 (issue 8), pp 1149-1165.
[Online] Available: http://ams.allenpress.com/archive/1520-0477/83/8/pdf/i1520-0477-83-8-1149.pdf
 Ramzi Touchan,Gary Funkhouser, Malcolmk. Hughes, and Nesat Erkan, Standardized Precipitation Index Reconstructed from Turkish Tree-Ring Widths. Netherlands: Springer-Verlag, 2005, Vol. 72 number 3, pp 339- 353. available: http://www.springerlink.com/content/b360485157857632
 Thomas B. McKee, Nolan J. Doesken and John Kleist, "The relationship of Drought Frequency and Duration to Time Scales," in Proc. 8th Conf. Applied Climatology, Anaheim, California, 17-22 January 1993. available: http://ccc.atmos.colostate.edu/relationshipofdroughtfrequency.pdf
 Morgenschweis, G., Brudy-Zippelius, T & Ihringer, J. Operational water quantity management in a river basin. Water Science and Technology Vol. 48, No. 10, 111-118, IWA 2003. available: www.talsperrenleitzentrale-ruhr.de/Publikationen.pdf
 Antonino Cancelliere, and Brunella Bonaccorso.Uncertainty analysis of the Standardized Precipitation Index in the presence of trend.
[online] Available: http://hydrologydays.colostate.edu/Papers_2009/Cancelliere_paper.pdf
 Hong Wu, Michael J. Hayes, Albert Weiss, "and Qi Hu, An Evuluation of the Standardized Precipitation Index, the China-Z Index and the Statistical Z-Score," International Journal of Climatology, Vol. 21 Issue 6, pp. 745 - 758 . Available : http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/81502569/references
 C. Cacciamani,A. Morgillo, S. Marchesi,and V. Pavan,Monitoring, Forecasting Drought on a Redional Scale:Emilia- Romangna. Region. Netherlands: Springer-Verlag,2007, Vol. 62 number 1, pp 29-48
 M.V.K. Sivakumar, and D.A. Wilhite.Drought Preparedness and Drought Management.
[Online] Available: http://www.wg-crop.icidonline.org/2doc.pdf
 Dossou-Gbete, and Moussa Soumaila," Analysis of drought in Burkina Faso by using Standardized Precipitation Index," The Pyrenees International Workshop on Statistics, Probability and Operations Research SPO 2007 Jaca,September12_15,2007.Available: http://metodosestadisticos.unizar.es/~jaca2007/resumenes/dossougb.pdf
 Gerd Morgenschweis, Georg zur Strassen, Simone Patzke, and Dirk Schwanenberg,"Estimation of the Impact of Possible Climate Change on the Management of the Reservoirs in the Ruhr Catchement Basin," Report from the annual Report Ruhrwassermenge 2006, Ruhrverband Essen 2007, pp 32-50
 F. Kemal Sönmez, Ali ├£mran Köm├╝scu, Ayhan Erkan, and Ertan Turgu, An Analysis of Spatial and Temporal Dimension of Drought Vulnerability in Turkey Using the Standardized Precipitation Index. Netherlands: Springer-Verlag,2005, Vol. 35, pp 243-264.
[Online] Available: http://www.springerlink.com/content/h4l765240n460746/fulltext.pdf