Reduction of Emissions of Nitrogen Oxides from Traffic
Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32919
Reduction of Emissions of Nitrogen Oxides from Traffic

Authors: Frantisek Bozek, Jiri Dvorak, Jaromir Mares, Hana Malachova


The value of emission factor was calculated in the older type of Diesel engine operating on an engine testing bench and then compared with the parameters monitored under similar conditions when the EnviroxTM additive was applied. It has been found out that the additive based on CeO2 nanoparticles reduces emission of NOx. The dependencies of NOx emissions on reduced torque, engine power and revolutions have been observed as well.

Keywords: Additive, air, cerium dioxide, emission factor, emissions, nanoparticles, nitrogen oxides

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1702


[1] O. M. Yu, Environmental Toxicology: Impacts of Environmental Toxicants on Living System. 1st ed. Boca Raton: CRC Press, p. 255. 2000, ISBN 1 56670-474-X.
[2] F. Bozek, et al. Emissions of Selected Gas Pollutants at the Application EnviroxTM Additive. Proceedings of the 5th WSEAS International Conference on Waste Management, Water Pollution, Air Pollution, Indoor Climate (WWAI'11). Iasi: WSEAS, 2011.
[In Print].
[3] F. Bozek, et al. Genotoxic Risk for Population in Vicinity of Traffic Communication Caused by PAHs Emissions. WSEAS Transactions on Environment and Development, vol. 6, no 3, pp. 186 195, 2010.
[4] J. C. Rutter, et al. Public Transport and Car Use in Developing Country: Energy and Management Issues. Indian Journal of Transport Management, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 89-96, 1997.
[5] J. C. Rutter, et al. Public Transport and Car Use in Developing Cities: Energy and Environment Issues. Indian Journal of Transport Management, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 141-178, 1997.
[6] H. Remy, Inorganic Chemistry, 1st Part, Prague: SNTL, pp. 632-636, 1972.
[7] I, Holoubek, Chemistry of Troposphere. Brno: Masaryk University, pp. 49-54, 2005.
[8] U.S. EPA. How Nitrogen Oxides Affect the Way We Live and Breathe.
[on line].
[9] B. Radakovic, T. Krope. The Effect of Ambient Air Pollution on Human Health. Proceedings of the 2nd IASME/WSEAS International Conference on Energy & Environment. Portorose: WSEAS, pp. 253- 256, 2007. ISBN 978 960 8457-62-1.
[10] U.S. EPA. Ozone.
[on line].
[2011-06-19]. .
[11] P. F. Nelson, A. R. Tibbett, J. D. Stuart, Effects of Vehicle Type and Fuel Quality on Real World Toxic Emissions from Diesel Vehicles. Atmospheric Environment, 2008, vol. 42, no. 21, pp. 5291 5303.
[12] M. Hosoya, M. Shimoda, The Application of Diesel Oxidation Catalysts to Heavy Duty Diesel Engines in Japan. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, vol. 10, no. 1-3, pp. 83-97, 1996.
[13] P. K. Pandey, et al. Automobile Emission Reduction and Environmental Protection through Use of Green Renewable Fuel. Hydro Nepal: Journal of Water, Energy and Environment, vol. 7, pp. 65-70, 2010.
[14] A. Roj, K. Karlsson, High Quality Diesel Fuel Reduces Emissions. In Fuel Reformulation, pp. 46-52, 1995.
[15] B. V. Losikov, K. N. Golovanov, S. M. Livshits, Use of Fuel Additives to Reduce Diesel Exhaust Smoke. Chemistry and Technology of Fuels and Oils, vol. 6, no. 8, pp. 634-638, 1970.
[16] H. M. Dzung, D. X. Thang, Estimation of Emission Factors of Air Pollutants from the Road Traffic in Ho Chi Minh City. Journal of Science, Earth Sciences, vol. 24, pp. 184-192, 2008.
[17] Oxonica. Technical note 1. Diesel Fuel Additives and EnviroxTM Fuel Efficiency Additive. Oxford: Oxonica, p. 3, 2008.
[18] G. Wakefield, et al. Envirox™ Fuel-Borne Catalyst: Developing and Launching a Nano-Fuel Additive. Technology Analysis ´Çª Strategic Management, vol. 20, no. 1, 127-136, 2008.
[19] M. Attfield, Envirox™ Fuel-Borne Catalyst. Oxford: Oxonica, p. 49, 2009.
[20] F. Bozek, et al. Emissions of Particulate Matter While Applying EnviroxTM Additive. Proceedings of the 19th WESSEX International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Air Pollution. Ramla Bay: WIT Press, 2011.