Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30172
Experimental Investigations on the Use of Preheated Neat Karanja Oil as Fuel in a Compression Ignition Engine
Abstract:The concerns about clean environment and high oil prices driving forces for the research on alternative fuels. The research efforts directed towards improving the performance of C.I engines using vegetable oil as fuel. The paper deals results of performance of a four stroke, single cylinder C.I. engine by preheated neat Karanja oil is done from 30 o C to 100 o C. The performance of the engine was studied for a speed range between 1500 to 4000 rpm, with the engine operated under full load conditions. The performance parameters considered for comparing are brake specific fuel consumption, thermal efficiency, brake power, Nox emission of the engine. The engine offers lower thermal efficiency when it is powered by preheated neat Karanja oil at higher speed. The power developed and Nox emission increase with the increase in the fuel inlet temperature and the specific fuel consumption is higher than diesel fuel operation at all elevated fuel inlet temperature.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1079182Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1863
 Agarwal A.K. "Vegetable oils versus diesel fuel: development and use of biodiesel in a compression ignition engine," TERI Inf Digest on Energy, 1998, pp. 191-204.
 Agarwal A.K and K. Rajamanoharan, " Experimental investigations of performance and emissions of Karanja oil and its blends in a single cylinder agricultural diesel engine" Applied Energy 86, 2009,pp.106- 112.
 B.K. Barnwal, M.P. Sharma, "Prospects of Bio-diesel Production from Vegetable Oils in India," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 9,2005,pp 363-378.
 A.S. Ramadhas , S. Jayaraj and C. Muraleedharan, "Use ofvegetable oils as I.C. engine fuelsÔÇöA review," Renewable Energy 29, 2004,pp 727- 742.
 Subramanian KA and Ramesh A. "Experimental investigation on the use of water diesel emulsion with oxygen-enriched air in a di diesel engine," Trans Soc Automot Eng 2001,2001-01-0205.
 Nwafor OMI, "The effect of elevated fuel inlet temperature on performance of diesel engine running on the neat vegetable oil at constant speed conditions," Renewable Energy 28,2003,pp171-81.
 Ch .S. Naga Prasad,K. Vijaya Kumar Reddy, B.S.P. Kumar, E. Ramjee, O.D. Hebbel and M.C. Nivendgi, "Performance and emission characteristics of a diesel engine with castor oil," Indian Journal of Science and Technology, Vol.2 No.10,Oct 2009,pp25-31
 Murat Karabektas,Gokhan Ergen and Murat Hosoz, "The effects of preheated cottonseed oil methyl ester on the performance and exhaust emissions of a diesel engine," Applied Thermal Engineering 28, 2008,pp 2136-2143.
 Hanbey Hazar and H├╝seyin Aydin, " Performance and emission evaluation of a CI engine fueled with preheated raw rapeseed oil (RRO)-diesel blends," Applied Energy,vol 87, 2010,pp 786-790.
 M. Pugazhvadivu, K. Jeyachandran, "Investigations on the performance and exhaust emissions of a diesel engine using preheated waste frying oil as fuel," Renewable Energy vol.30 ,2005,pp 2189-2202.
 H M Raffiq and K M B Ahamed, "Emission Control for a Direct Injection CI Engine using Preheated Coconut Oil Blended Diesel," IE (I) Journal.MC, Vol 86, October 2005,pp149-152.
 M. Senthil Kumar, A.Kerihuel, J. Bellettre, M. Tazerout, "Experimental investigations on the use of preheated animal fat as fuel in a compression ignition engine," Renewable Energy, vol 30, 2005,pp 1443-1456.
 S. Bari, T.H. Lim, C.W. Yu, "Effects of preheating of crude palm oil (CPO) on injection system, performance and emission of a diesel engine," Renewable Energy 27, 2002, pp339-351.
 Deepak Agarwal, Avinash Kumar Agarwal, "Performance and emissions characteristics of Jatropha oil (preheated and blends) in a direct injection compression ignition engine," Applied Thermal Engineering 27, 2007, pp2314-2323.
 Lapuerta M, Armas O and Rodriguez-Fernandez J, "Effect of biodiesel fuels on engine emissions," Prog. Energy Comb. Sci. 34,2008, pp198- 223.
 Sundarapandian S and Devaradjane G, "Performance and emission analysis of biodiesel operated CI Engine," J. Engg. Comp. Arch. 1(2), 2007, pp 1-22.
 Choi CY and Reitz RD, " A numerical analysis of the emissions characteristics of biodiesel blended fuels," J. Engg. Gas Turb. Power, vol.121, 1999, pp 31-37.