Antimicrobial Effect of Essential oil of Plant Trigonella focnum greacum on some Bacteria Pathogens
Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32794
Antimicrobial Effect of Essential oil of Plant Trigonella focnum greacum on some Bacteria Pathogens

Authors: Mehani M., Segni L.

Abstract:

The plant world is the source of many medicines. Recently, researchers have estimated that there are approximately 400,000 plant species worldwide, of which about a quarter or a third have been used by societies for medicinal purposes. The human uses of plants for thousands of years to treat various ailments, in many developing countries, much of the population trust in traditional doctors and their collections of medicinal plants to treat them. Essential oils have many therapeutic properties. In herbal medicine, they are used for their antiseptic properties against infectious diseases of fungal origin, against dermatophytes, those of bacterial origin. The aim of our study is to determine the antimicrobial effect of essential oils of the plant Trigonella focnum greacum on some pathogenic bacteria, it is a medicinal plant used in traditional therapy. The test adopted is based on the diffusion method on solid medium (Antibiogram), this method determines the sensitivity or resistance of a microorganism vis-à-vis the extract studied. Our study reveals that the essential oil of the plant Trigonella focnum greacum has a different effect on the resistance of germs. For staphiloccocus Pseudomonnas aeroginosa and Krebsilla, are moderately sensitive strains, also Escherichia coli and Candida albicans represents a high sensitivity. By against Proteus is a strain that represents a weak sensitivity.

Keywords: essential oil, microorganisme, antibiogram

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1078861

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2638

References:


[1] P. Iserin, M. Masson and J.P. Reslellini, "La rousse encyclopédie de plantes medicinales", 2ème édition. Paris 2001, p 335.
[2] Hart and P. Sesar, "Atlas de Poche de Microbiologie", 1ére édition, 1997. p 310.
[3] J. F. Clevenger, "Apparatus for volatile oil determination, Description of New Type". American Perfumer & Essential Oil Review, 1928, pp : 467-503.
[4] Anonyme, "Pharmacopée européenne". 4ème édition, Strasbourg, 2002.
[5] Afnor, "Recueil de normes: les huiles essentielles. Tome 1. Echantillonnage et méthodes d-analyse ", AFNOR, Paris 2000, p 440.
[6] B. Benjilali, A .tantaoui-elarki and M. ismaili-alaoui " Méthode d-étude des propriétés antiseptiques des huiles essentielles par contact direct en milieu gélosé ". Plant. Méd. Phytothér, 1986, 20, pp 155-167.
[7] B. Satrani, H .fougrach, B .bourkhiss, D .bousta and M. TALBI, "Composition chimique et activité antimicrobienne de l-huile essentielle de Cladanthus mixtus ". Bull. Soc. Pharm. Bordeaux 2007, 146, pp 85-96.
[8] V. G. De billerbeck, C. roques, P. vaniere and P. marquier, " Activité antibactérienne et antifongique de produits ├á base d'huiles essentielles". HYGIENES 2002. Vol X - n┬░3, pp 248-251.
[9] M. C. Pibiri, "Assainissement microbiologique de l'air et des systèmes de ventilation au moyen d'huiles essentielles ", Thèse de doctorat des sciences, école polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne 2005, pp 19-55.