Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32451
Analysis of Detecting Wormhole Attack in Wireless Networks

Authors: Khin Sandar Win


In multi hop wireless systems, such as ad hoc and sensor networks, mobile ad hoc network applications are deployed, security emerges as a central requirement. A particularly devastating attack is known as the wormhole attack, where two or more malicious colluding nodes create a higher level virtual tunnel in the network, which is employed to transport packets between the tunnel end points. These tunnels emulate shorter links in the network. In which adversary records transmitted packets at one location in the network, tunnels them to another location, and retransmits them into the network. The wormhole attack is possible even if the attacker has not compromised any hosts and even if all communication provides authenticity and confidentiality. In this paper, we analyze wormhole attack nature in ad hoc and sensor networks and existing methods of the defending mechanism to detect wormhole attacks without require any specialized hardware. This analysis able to provide in establishing a method to reduce the rate of refresh time and the response time to become more faster.

Keywords: Ad hoc network, Sensor network, Wormhole attack, defending mechanism.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2199


[1] R.E.Kassi, A.Chehab, and Z. Dway, "DAWWSEN: A Defense Mechanism against Wormhole Attacks in Wireless Sensor Networks", in proceeding of the second International conference on innovations in information Technology (ITT- 05), UAE, September 2005.
[2] T. Park and K. Shin, "LISP: A Lightweight Security Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks", in proceedings of ACM transaction on Embedded Computing systems, August 2004.
[3] Y.-C. Hu, A. Perrig, A Survey of Secure Wireless Ad Hoc Routing, Security and Privacy Magazine, IEEE, vol. 2, issue 3, pp. 28-39, May 2004.
[4] D. Johnson, D. Maltz, and J. Broch, "The dynamic Source routing Protocol for Multi hop Wireless Ad hoc Networks," in Ad Hoc networking, C. Perking, Ed., Addson-Wesley, 2001.
[5] Y.-C. Hu, A. Perrig, D. B. Johnson, "Wormhole Attacks in Wireless Networks," Selected Areas of Communications, IEEE Journal on, vol. 24, numb. 2, pp. 370- 380, 2006.
[6] Y. Hu, A. Perrig, and D. Johnson, "Packet Leashes: A Defense against Wormhole Attacks in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks", in proceedings of INFOCOM, 2004.
[7] W. Weichao, B. Bharat, Y. Lu, X. Wu, Wiley Interscience, "Defending agains Wormhole Attacks in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks," Wireless Communication and Mobile Computing, January 2006.
[8] S. Capkun, L. Buttyan, J.-P. Hubaux, SECTOR: Secure Tracking of Node Encounters in Multi-Hop Wireless Networks, October 2003, Processings of the 1st ACM Workshop on Security of Ad Hoc and Sensor Networks.
[9]. On the Survivability of Routing Protocols in Ad Hoc Wireless Networks, A. Baruch, R. Curmola, C. Nita- Rotaru, D. Holmer, H. Rubens, Converence on Security and Privacy for Emerging Areas Communications, SecureComm 2005, September 2005
[10] L. Hu, D. Evans, Using Directional Antennas to Prevent Wormhole Attacks, 14 Proceedings of the 11th Network and Distributed System Security Symposium, pp. 2003.
[11] W. Wang, B. Bhargava., Visualization of wormholes in sensor networks, Proceedings of the 2004 ACM workshop on Wireless Security, pp. 51-60, 2004.
[12] L. Lazos, R. Poovendran, Serloc: Secure Range- Independent Localization for 21- 30, Wireless Sensor Networks, Proceedings of the ACM Workshop on Wireless Security, pp. October 2004.
[13] L. Lazos, R. Poovendram, C. Meadows, P. Syverson, L.W. Chang, Preventing Wormhole Attacks on Wireless Ad Hoc Networks: a Graph Theoretical Approach, IEEE Communication Society, WCNC 2005
[14]. N. Song, L. Qian, X. Li, Wormhole Attack Detection in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks: a Statistical Analysis Approach, Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium, 2005, Proceedings of, 19th IEEE International IPDPS-05, 04-08 April 2005, pp.
[15] ns-2 homepage: