Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32146
Using the Geographic Information System (GIS) in the Sustainable Transportation

Authors: Zahra Gharineiat, Malik Khalfan


The significance of emissions from the road transport sector (such as air pollution, noise, etc) has grown considerably in recent years. In Australia, 14.3% of national greenhouse gas emissions in 2000 were the transport sector-s share which 12.9% of net national emissions were related to a road transport alone. Considering the growing attention to the green house gas(GHG) emissions, this paper attempts to provide air pollution modeling aspects of environmental consequences of the road transport by using one of the best computer based tools including the Geographic Information System (GIS). In other word, in this study, GIS and its applications is explained, models which are used to model air pollution and GHG emissions from vehicles are described and GIS is applied in real case study that attempts to forecast GHG emission from people who travel to work by car in 2031 in Melbourne for analysing results as thematic maps.

Keywords: Geographic Information System (GIS), Green HouseGas(GHG) emission, sustainable development, transportation

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2471


[1] A.L. Brown, J.K. Affum (2002), A GIS-based environmental modelling system for transportation planners, Computers, Environment and Urban Systems 26 .pp577-590.
[2] Alexander, S. M. and Waters, N. M. (2000). The effects of highway transportation corridors on wildlife: case study of Bluff National Park. Transportation Research, Part C (Emerging Technologies), 8: 307 -320
[3] Astrid Hartono and Joel Rowbottom(2003), comparison of Emissions from the Public Transport System and Private Cars.
[4] Bureau of Transport and Regional Economics (2002). Greenhouse gas emissions from transport: Australian trends to 2020, Canberra: Bureau of Regional and Transport Economics.
[5] Bowyer DP, Akcelik R, Biggs DC. Guide to fuel consumption analyses for urban traffic management. Australian Road Research Board, 1985.
[6] Chock DP.A simple line-source model for dispersion near roadways. Atmos Environ 1978;12:823 -829.
[7] European Parliament, 2001,"GIS for Sustainability Assessment", Briefing Note N┬░ 06/2001, PE nr. 297.564.
[8] Fedra, K. (1994). GIS and Environmental Modeling In: M.F. Good child, B.O. Parks and L.T. Steyaert
[eds.] Environmental Modeling with GIS. 35-50, Oxford University Press, Presented at the First International Conference on Integrating GIS and Environmental Modeling. Boulder. USA .September 15-19, 1991
[9] Hanna SR. Description of ATDL computer model for dispersion from multiple sources. Air Resources Atmospheric Turbulence and Diffusion Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA; 1972.
[10] International Energy Agency (1997) Transport, energy and climate change, OECD, France Australian Greenhouse Office 2002
[online], National Greenhouse Gas Inventory 2000, /2000/facts/pubs/02.pdf
[11] J.K. Affum, A.L. Brown, Y.C. Chan(2003), Integrating air pollution modelling with scenario testing in road transport planning: the TRAEMS approach, The Science of the Total Environment 312,pp 1-14.
[12] Nguyen VN. Evaluation of SCATSIMÔÇöRTA Adaptive Traffic Network Simulation Model. Transportation Research Record 1566, Transportation Research Board; 1995:8-19.
[13] Pengilley M. Motor vehicle emission factors for 1988 and 2000.Report MV-A-19. Noise and Transport Branch, NSW State Pollution Control Commission, Australia; 1989.
[14] QDEH Air Emissions Inventory, South East Queensland. Queensland Department of Environment and Heritage, Australia; 1995.
[15] Stopher, P. R., and H. M. A. Metcalf (1996), "Methods for Household Travel Surveys" NCHRP
[16] USEPA. Compilation of air pollution emission factors. Report USEPA AP-42, vol.2.Envir on mental Protection Agency; 1985.
[17] United Nations. 1987."Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development." General Assembly Resolution 42/187, 11 December 1987. Retrieved: 2007-04-12