Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31108
Development of a Spark Electrode Ignition System for an Explosion Vessel

Authors: Shaharin A. Sulaiman, Mizuan Minhat


This paper presents development of an ignition system using spark electrodes for application in a research explosion vessel. A single spark is aimed to be discharged with quantifiable ignition energy. The spark electrode system would enable study of flame propagation, ignitability of fuel-air mixtures and other fundamental characteristics of flames. The principle of the capacitive spark circuit of ASTM is studied to charge an appropriate capacitance connected across the spark gap through a large resistor by a high voltage from the source of power supply until the initiation of spark. Different spark energies could be obtained mainly by varying the value of the capacitance and the supply current. The spark sizes produced are found to be affected by the spark gap, electrode size, input voltage and capacitance value.

Keywords: Ignition, flame, Spark Electrode

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1734


[1] R. K. Eckhoff, Explosion Hazards in process industries, 1st edition, Houston, Texas, Gulf Publishing Company, 2005.
[2] B. Lewis, G. von Elbe, Combustion, Flames and Explosions of Gases, second ed., Academic Press, New York, 1961.
[3] Strid, K.-G., "Experimental Techniques for the Determination of Ignition energy," Oxidation and Combustion Reviews, pp. 1-46, 1973.
[4] ASTM E582-07, "Standard Test Method for Minimum Ignition Energy and Quenching Distance in Gaseous Mixtures," American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), West Conshohocken, PA, USA, 2007.
[5] R. Maly and M. Vogel, "Initiation and Propagation of Flame Fronts in Lean CH4-Air Mixtures by theThree Modes of Ignition Spark," Proc. 17th Symposium (international) on Combustion, pp. 821-831, 1978.
[6] Granta Material Intelligence, "Process Selection for a Spark Plug," m 2011 (accessed on 15th June 2011)
[7] F. Paschen, "Ueber die zum Funkenübergang in Luft, Wasserstoff und Kohlensäure bei verschiedenen Drucken erforderliche Potentialdifferenz," Annalen der Physik, 273, pp. 69-96, 1889.
[8] M. Kono, S. Kumagai and T. Sakai, "The optimum condition for ignition of gases by composite sparks," Proc. 16th Symposium (international) on Combustion, pp. 757-766, 1976.
[9] M. Ngo, "Determination of The Minimum Ignition Energy (Mie) of Premixed Propane/Air," Master Thesis, Department of Physics and Technology, University of Bergen, Norway, 2009
[10] M. T. Lim, R. W. Anderson, V. S. Arpaci, "Prediction of Spark Kernel Development in Constant Volume Combustion," Combustion and Flame, 69, pp. 303-316, 1987.